OJMM  Vol.5 No.4 , December 2015
Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Urine Tract Infections at the La Paz Medical Center, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
Author(s) Aleksey Shatalov
ABSTRACT
The study was conducted to isolate and determine the antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia from urine samples over a 2-year period (August 2013-September 2015) at the La Paz Medical Center, Malabo. A retrospective analysis of 785 urine culture samples over a 2-year period August 2013-September 2015 was carried out according to the routine protocol of urinalysis. Bacterial etiological agents were isolated from 155 (19.7%) samples with highest prevalence of Escherichia coli (55.5%) followed by Klebsiella pneumonia (23.2%), Proteus mirabilis (4.5%), Pseudomonas species (3.2%), Enterobacter species (2.6%), Enterococcus faecalis (2.6%) and others species (8.4%). The E. coli and K. pneumonia represent 78.7% of all isolated bacterial strains. The E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates possess highly resistant to ampicillin, Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole, Doxycycline, Amoxicicline/Clavulanic acid. Whereas K. pneumonia demonstrated also to be highly resistant to Gentamycin, Cefuroxime and Ceftriaxon, low level of resistance to Piperacilin/Tazobactam, Amikacin and the lowest to Imipenem. The alarming level of MDR strains to the first choice antibiotics treatment was observed.

Cite this paper
Shatalov, A. (2015) Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Urine Tract Infections at the La Paz Medical Center, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea. Open Journal of Medical Microbiology, 5, 177-183. doi: 10.4236/ojmm.2015.54022.
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