Laws of Heat Radiation from Surfaces and Gas Volumes

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References

[1] Blokh, A.G., Zhuravlev, Yu.A. and Ryzhkov, L.N. (1991) Radiant Heat Transfer. A Handbook, Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 432 p. (In Russian)

[2] Маkarov, A.N. (2014) Heat Transfer in Electric Arc and Torch Metallurgical Furnaces and Energy Plants. Lan', St. Petersburg, 384 p.

[3] Makarov, A.N. (2012) A Regular Correlation between the Parameters Characterizing Radiation from Isothermal Coaxial Cylindrical Gas Layers Generated during Flame Combustion of Fuel and Electric Arc Burning in Metal Vapors at Atmospheric Pressure (Makarov’s Regularities), Diploma No. 47. In: Pototskii, V.V., Ed., Scientific Disclosures: A Collection of Brief Descriptions of Scientific Disclosures, Scientific Ideas, and Scientific Hypotheses—2011, RAEN, Moscow, 33-37. (In Russian)

[4] Thermal Design of Boiler Units (1973) A Standard Method. Energiya, Moscow, 273 p. (In Russian)

[5] Usman, Yu.M., Enyakin, Yu.P., Filatov, A.V. and Shtalman, S.G. (1985) Comparison of the Gas, Fuel Oil Flaring Study and Their Mix in Boiler Box of TGMP-314P with Bottom Downward Firing. No. 1, Electricheskiye stancii, 25-36.

[6] Makarov, A.N. (2014) Theory of Radiative Heat Exchange in Furnaces, Fire Boxes, Combustion Chambers Is Replenished by Four New Laws. Science Discovery, 2, 34-42.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.sd.20140202.12

[7] Nikol’skii, L.E., Smolyarenko, V.D. and Kuznetsov, L.N. (1981) Thermal Operation of Arc Steel Melting Furnaces. Metallurgiya, Moscow. (In Russian)

[8] Makarov, A.N. and Svenchanskii, A.D. (1992) Optimal Operating Conditions of Arc Steel Melting Furnaces. Energoatomizdat, Moscow. (In Russian)

[9] Makarov, A.N, Rybakova, V.V. and Galicheva, M.K. (2014) Electromagnetism and the Arc Efficiency of Electric Arc Steel Melting Furnaces. Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Application, 6, 184-192.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jemaa.2014.67018

[10] Makarov, A. N. (1994) Heat Transfer Theory in Arc Furnaces for Steel Melting: DEA Thesis, Saint-Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg, 354 p.

[11] Makarov, A.N. and Sokolov, A.Yu. (2010) Electrical, Geometric, and Thermal Parameters of Arc in Metallic Vapors. Russian Metallurgy (Metally), 2010, 1136-1140.

[12] Makarov, A.N., Lugovoi, Y.A. and Zuikov, R.M. (2011) Energy Saving for Steelmaking in Plasma-Arc Furnaces. Russian Metallurgy (Metally), 2011, 526-530.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0036029511060152

[13] Makarov, A.N., Sokolov, A.Y. and Lugovoi, Y.A. (2012) Increasing the Arc Efficiency by the Removal of Arc Electromagnetic Blowing in Electric Arc Furnaces: I. Effect of Electromagnetic Blowing and the Slag Height on the Arc Efficiency in an Electric Arc Furnace. Russian Metallurgy (Metally), 2012, 542-547.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0036029512060134

[14] Makarov, A.N. (2014) Theory of Radiative Heat Exchange in Furnaces, Fire Boxes, Combustion Chambers Is Replenished by Four New Laws. Science Discovery, 2, 34-42.

http://dx.doi.org/10.11648/j.sd.20140202.12

[15] Makarov, A.N. (2014) Regularities Pertinent to Heat Transfer between Torch Gas Layers and Steam Boiler Firebox Waterwalls. Part I. Geometrical and Physical Torch Model as a Source of Heat Radiation. Thermal Engineering, 61, 642-648.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S004060151406007X

[16] Makarov, A.N. (2014) Regularities Pertinent to Heat Transfer between Torch Gas Layers and Steam Boiler Firebox Waterwalls. Part II. Gas Layer Radiation Laws and the Procedure for Calculating Heat Transfer in Furnaces, Fire Boxes, and Combustion Chambers Developed on the Basis of These Laws. Thermal Engineering, 61, 717-723.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0040601514100073

[17] Abrutin, A.A., Antonov, A.Y., Usman, Y.M., Stilman, S.G. and Levin, M.M. (1981) Heat Transfer Features in Oil-Fired Unit with Hearth Layout of Burners. Electric Stations, 9, 27-30.

[18] Kozlov, Y.V., Zroichikova, T.V. and Belov V.A. (2003) Ways of Improving the Reliability of Furnace Waterwalls. Electricheskiye Stancii, 5, 17-19.

[19] Makarov, A.N. (2014) Regularities Pertinent to Heat Transfer between Torch Gas Layers and Steam Boiler Firebox Waterwalls. Part III. Examples of Heat Transfer Calculation in Torch Furnaces and Steam Boiler Fireboxes. Thermal Engineering, 61, 814-821.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/S0040601514110056

[20] Makarov, A.N. and Shevchenko, M.N. (2010) Gas-Fuel Combustion Chamber. RF Patent No. 2400668.

[21] Makarov, A.N. and Sheglov, A.G. (2012) A Regenerative Soaking Pit. RF Patent No. 2457262.

[22] Makarov, A.N., Kruglov, E.V. and Rybakova, V.V. (2014) DC-Arc-Steel Melting Furnace. RF Patent No. 2516896.

[23] Makarov, A.N., Kruglov, E.V. and Rybakova, V.V. (2014) Heating Furnace with a Ring Bottom. RF Patent No. 2517079.