The Magnetic Field of Earth and Other Celestial Bodies

Author(s)
Boris V. Vasiliev

ABSTRACT

Majority of models of terrestrial magnetism try to explain why the main magnetic field of the Earth near the poles is of the order of 1 Oe. Such statement of the basic problem of terrestrial magnetism models nowadays is unacceptable. Space flights and the development of astronomy show a remarkable and earlier unknown fact that magnetic moments of all planets of Solar system, as well as some their satellites and a number of stars are proportional to their angular momenta. Therefore, this geophysical problem turned into a special case of the more general problem of magnetism of cosmic bodies. This fact makes it necessary to reformulate the main task of the model of terrestrial magnetism and the Earth as a whole. It should explain, first, why the magnetic moment of the Earth, as well as of other space bodies, is proportional to its angular momentum and, second, why the proportionality coefficient is close to the ratio of world constants—to*G*^{1/2}/*c*. This
fact requires a rethinking in the constructing of a model of the internal
structure of the Earth and the reformulation of the main objectives of
terrestrial magnetism, whereas it is necessary to explain why the ratio of the
magnetic moment of the Earth to its torque, as well as for other celestial
bodies, is close to the ratio of universal constants *G*^{1/2}/*c*. In
the discussed theory it is shown that one can see that it is energetically
favorable for hot stars to have its core consisting from dense electron-nuclear
plasma with constant density and temperature. It is shown that as for the Earth
it is energetically favorable to have its core consisting from dense
electron-ion plasma. Importantly, all calculated parameters are in an agreement
with measurement results.

Majority of models of terrestrial magnetism try to explain why the main magnetic field of the Earth near the poles is of the order of 1 Oe. Such statement of the basic problem of terrestrial magnetism models nowadays is unacceptable. Space flights and the development of astronomy show a remarkable and earlier unknown fact that magnetic moments of all planets of Solar system, as well as some their satellites and a number of stars are proportional to their angular momenta. Therefore, this geophysical problem turned into a special case of the more general problem of magnetism of cosmic bodies. This fact makes it necessary to reformulate the main task of the model of terrestrial magnetism and the Earth as a whole. It should explain, first, why the magnetic moment of the Earth, as well as of other space bodies, is proportional to its angular momentum and, second, why the proportionality coefficient is close to the ratio of world constants—to

Cite this paper

Vasiliev, B. (2015) The Magnetic Field of Earth and Other Celestial Bodies.*International Journal of Geosciences*, **6**, 1233-1247. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2015.611097.

Vasiliev, B. (2015) The Magnetic Field of Earth and Other Celestial Bodies.

References

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[2] Campbell, W.H. (2001) Earth Magnetism. Academic Press, Waltham.

[3] Blackett, P.M.S. (1947) The Magnetic Field of Massive Rotating Bodies. Nature, 159, 658-666. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/159658a0

[4] Sirag, S.-P. (1979) Gravitational Magnetism. Nature, 275, 535-537. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/278535a0

[5] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part I. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 257-262.

[6] Landau, L.D. and Lifshits, E.M. (1980) Statistical Physics. 3rd Edition, Pergamon, Oxford.

[7] Vasiliev, B.V. and Luboshits, V.L. (1994) Virial Theorem and Some Properties of the Electron Gas in Metals. Physics-Uspekhi, 37, 345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1070/PU1994v037n04ABEH000018

[8] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part II. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 284-301.

[9] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part III. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 328-343.

[10] Thorsett, S.E. and Chakrabarty, D. (1998) Neutron Star Mass Measurements. E-Preprint: astro-ph/9803260.

[11] Beskin, V.S., Gurevich, A.V. and Istomin, Ya.N. (1993) Physics of the Pulsar Magnetosphere. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[12] Vasiliev, B.V. (1999) The Theory of Earth Constructed by the Method of Full Energy Minimization. Il Nuovo Cimento B, 114B, 291-300.

[13] Vasiliev, B.V. (1996) Can the Existence of the Magnetic Moments of Cosmic Bodies Be Explained by Internal Spontaneous Electric Polarization? Nuovo Cimento B, 110, 381-389.

[14] Vasiliev, B.V. (1997) Why Spontaneous Electric Polarization Can Arise inside Cosmic Bodies? Nuovo Cimento B, 112, 1361-1372.

[15] Vasiliev, B.V. (2001) The Gravity-Induced Electric Polarization of Electron-Nuclear Plasma and Related Astrophysical Effects. Nuovo Cimento B, 116, 617-634.

[16] Jeffreys, H. (1952) The Earth. 3rd Edition, Cambrige University Press, Cambrige.

[17] Gutenberg, B. (1951) Internal Constitution of the Earth. 2nd Edition, Dover, New York.

[1] Gilbert, W. (1956) De magneto magneticisque corporibus et de magno magnete tellure. London.

[2] Campbell, W.H. (2001) Earth Magnetism. Academic Press, Waltham.

[3] Blackett, P.M.S. (1947) The Magnetic Field of Massive Rotating Bodies. Nature, 159, 658-666. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/159658a0

[4] Sirag, S.-P. (1979) Gravitational Magnetism. Nature, 275, 535-537. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/278535a0

[5] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part I. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 257-262.

[6] Landau, L.D. and Lifshits, E.M. (1980) Statistical Physics. 3rd Edition, Pergamon, Oxford.

[7] Vasiliev, B.V. and Luboshits, V.L. (1994) Virial Theorem and Some Properties of the Electron Gas in Metals. Physics-Uspekhi, 37, 345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1070/PU1994v037n04ABEH000018

[8] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part II. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 284-301.

[9] Vasiliev, B.V. (2014) Physics of Stars and Measurement Data Part III. Universal Journal of Physics and Application, 2, 328-343.

[10] Thorsett, S.E. and Chakrabarty, D. (1998) Neutron Star Mass Measurements. E-Preprint: astro-ph/9803260.

[11] Beskin, V.S., Gurevich, A.V. and Istomin, Ya.N. (1993) Physics of the Pulsar Magnetosphere. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[12] Vasiliev, B.V. (1999) The Theory of Earth Constructed by the Method of Full Energy Minimization. Il Nuovo Cimento B, 114B, 291-300.

[13] Vasiliev, B.V. (1996) Can the Existence of the Magnetic Moments of Cosmic Bodies Be Explained by Internal Spontaneous Electric Polarization? Nuovo Cimento B, 110, 381-389.

[14] Vasiliev, B.V. (1997) Why Spontaneous Electric Polarization Can Arise inside Cosmic Bodies? Nuovo Cimento B, 112, 1361-1372.

[15] Vasiliev, B.V. (2001) The Gravity-Induced Electric Polarization of Electron-Nuclear Plasma and Related Astrophysical Effects. Nuovo Cimento B, 116, 617-634.

[16] Jeffreys, H. (1952) The Earth. 3rd Edition, Cambrige University Press, Cambrige.

[17] Gutenberg, B. (1951) Internal Constitution of the Earth. 2nd Edition, Dover, New York.