Versatile Voltage-Mode Universal Filter Using Differential Difference Current Conveyor

ABSTRACT

A novel four-input three-output voltage-mode differential difference current conveyor (DDCC) based universal filter is presented. The circuit uses three DDCCs as active elements, two resistors and two capacitors as passive elements. The circuit along with its versatility enjoys the advantage of minimum number of passive elements employment. SPICE simulation results are given to confirm the theoretical analysis. The proposed circuit is a novel addition to the existing knowledge on the subject.

A novel four-input three-output voltage-mode differential difference current conveyor (DDCC) based universal filter is presented. The circuit uses three DDCCs as active elements, two resistors and two capacitors as passive elements. The circuit along with its versatility enjoys the advantage of minimum number of passive elements employment. SPICE simulation results are given to confirm the theoretical analysis. The proposed circuit is a novel addition to the existing knowledge on the subject.

Cite this paper

nullS. Maheshwari and A. Gangwar, "Versatile Voltage-Mode Universal Filter Using Differential Difference Current Conveyor,"*Circuits and Systems*, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2011, pp. 210-216. doi: 10.4236/cs.2011.23030.

nullS. Maheshwari and A. Gangwar, "Versatile Voltage-Mode Universal Filter Using Differential Difference Current Conveyor,"

References

[1] C. Toumazou, F. J. Lidgey and D. Haigh, “Analog IC Design: The Current-Mode Approach,” PeTer Peregrinus, Exeter, 1990.

[2] A. S. Elwakil and A. M. Soliman, “Current Conveyor Chaos Generators,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications, Vol. 46, No. 3, 1999, pp. 393-398.

[3] C. C. Chen and C. Y. Wu, “Design Techniques for 1.5-V Low-Power CMOS Current-Mode Cyclic Analog-to-Digital Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1998, pp. 319-325.

[4] C. Temizyurek and I. Myderrizi, “Current-Mode Universal Filter Implemented with DVCCs,” International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bursa, 3-7 December 2003.

[5] L. N. Alves and R. L. Aguiar, “Maximizing Bandwidth in CCll for Wireless Optical Applications,” The 8th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and System, Vol. 3, 2001, pp. 1107-1110.

[6] E. Vasconcelos, J. L. Cura, R. L. Aguiar and D. M. Santos, “A Novel High-Gain, High-Bandwidth CMOS Differential Front-End for Wireless Optical Systems,” Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 4, 1999, pp. 431-434. doi:10.1109/ISCAS.1999.780034

[7] J. Hu, Y. Xia, T. Xu and H. Dong, “A New CMOS Differential Difference Current Conveyor and Its Applications,” 2004 International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems, Vol. 2, 2004, pp. 1156-1160. doi:10.1109/ICCCAS.2004.1346380

[8] J. W. Horng, W. Y. Chiu and H. Y. Wei, “Voltage-Mode Highpass, Bandpass and Lowpass Filters Using Two DDCCs,” International Journal of Electronics, Vol. 91, ?o. 8, 2004, pp. 461-464. doi:10.1080/00207210412331294603

[9] C. Temizyurek and I. Myderrizi, “A Novel Three-nput One-Output Voltage-Mode Universal Filter Using Differential Difference Current Conveyor (DDCC),” Proceedings of the 12th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, Dubrovnik, 12-15 May 2004, pp. 103-106. doi:10.1109/MELCON.2004.1346783

[10] H.-P. Chen, “Universal Voltage-Mode Filter Using Only Plus-Type DDCCs,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2007, pp. 137-139. doi:10.1007/s10470-006-9005-9

[11] H.-P. Chen and K.-H. Wu, “Single DDCC Based Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filter,” IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences, Vol. E90-A, No. 9, 2007, pp. 2029-2031. doi:10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.9.2029

[12] S. Maheshwari, “High Performance Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filter with Minimum Component Count,” WSEAS Transactions on Electronics, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2008, pp. 244-249.

[13] S. Maheshwari, “Analogue Signal Processing Applications Using a New Circuit Topology,” IET: Circuits Devices and Systems, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2009, pp. 106-115. doi:10.1049/iet-cds.2008.0294

[14] S. Minaei and E. Yuce, “All-Grounded Passive Elements Voltage-Mode DVCC-Based Universal Filters,” Circuits Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2010, pp. 295-305. doi:10.1007/s00034-009-9136-1

[1] C. Toumazou, F. J. Lidgey and D. Haigh, “Analog IC Design: The Current-Mode Approach,” PeTer Peregrinus, Exeter, 1990.

[2] A. S. Elwakil and A. M. Soliman, “Current Conveyor Chaos Generators,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications, Vol. 46, No. 3, 1999, pp. 393-398.

[3] C. C. Chen and C. Y. Wu, “Design Techniques for 1.5-V Low-Power CMOS Current-Mode Cyclic Analog-to-Digital Converters,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1998, pp. 319-325.

[4] C. Temizyurek and I. Myderrizi, “Current-Mode Universal Filter Implemented with DVCCs,” International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Bursa, 3-7 December 2003.

[5] L. N. Alves and R. L. Aguiar, “Maximizing Bandwidth in CCll for Wireless Optical Applications,” The 8th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and System, Vol. 3, 2001, pp. 1107-1110.

[6] E. Vasconcelos, J. L. Cura, R. L. Aguiar and D. M. Santos, “A Novel High-Gain, High-Bandwidth CMOS Differential Front-End for Wireless Optical Systems,” Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, Vol. 4, 1999, pp. 431-434. doi:10.1109/ISCAS.1999.780034

[7] J. Hu, Y. Xia, T. Xu and H. Dong, “A New CMOS Differential Difference Current Conveyor and Its Applications,” 2004 International Conference on Communications, Circuits and Systems, Vol. 2, 2004, pp. 1156-1160. doi:10.1109/ICCCAS.2004.1346380

[8] J. W. Horng, W. Y. Chiu and H. Y. Wei, “Voltage-Mode Highpass, Bandpass and Lowpass Filters Using Two DDCCs,” International Journal of Electronics, Vol. 91, ?o. 8, 2004, pp. 461-464. doi:10.1080/00207210412331294603

[9] C. Temizyurek and I. Myderrizi, “A Novel Three-nput One-Output Voltage-Mode Universal Filter Using Differential Difference Current Conveyor (DDCC),” Proceedings of the 12th IEEE Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference, Dubrovnik, 12-15 May 2004, pp. 103-106. doi:10.1109/MELCON.2004.1346783

[10] H.-P. Chen, “Universal Voltage-Mode Filter Using Only Plus-Type DDCCs,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2007, pp. 137-139. doi:10.1007/s10470-006-9005-9

[11] H.-P. Chen and K.-H. Wu, “Single DDCC Based Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filter,” IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences, Vol. E90-A, No. 9, 2007, pp. 2029-2031. doi:10.1093/ietfec/e90-a.9.2029

[12] S. Maheshwari, “High Performance Voltage-Mode Multifunction Filter with Minimum Component Count,” WSEAS Transactions on Electronics, Vol. 5, No. 6, 2008, pp. 244-249.

[13] S. Maheshwari, “Analogue Signal Processing Applications Using a New Circuit Topology,” IET: Circuits Devices and Systems, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2009, pp. 106-115. doi:10.1049/iet-cds.2008.0294

[14] S. Minaei and E. Yuce, “All-Grounded Passive Elements Voltage-Mode DVCC-Based Universal Filters,” Circuits Systems and Signal Processing, Vol. 29, No. 2, 2010, pp. 295-305. doi:10.1007/s00034-009-9136-1