Health  Vol.7 No.11 , November 2015
Health Related Lifestyle Behaviors among Students at a Vocational Education Center in Turkey
ABSTRACT
Background: This study assessed health promoting life behaviors (HPLP) among apprentices trained in the Kayseri Turkey Vocational Education Center. Methods: This descriptive study was performed in 2012 in a province of Turkey. The study group included a cohort of 332 students attending the Vocational Education Center. All data were collected by using a 54-item (6-item related with socio-demographic and 48 item related with HPLP Scale) questionnaire. Data were evaluated by independent t test, One-Way Anova and Multiple logistic regression analyses. Results: In the study group, 88.0% were male and 12.0% were female. The mean age of participants was 17.1 ± 1.5 years. The mean HPLP scale score was 111.2 ± 22.0. The mean sub-scale scores were as follows: self-actualization 34.6 ± 7.5, interpersonal relations 18.6 ± 4.3, exercise 9.4 ± 3.0, nutrition 13.9 ± 3.5, stress management 16.2 ± 4.0, and health responsibility 18.6 ± 5.7. Age groups, regular payment and job satisfaction were significant variables for sub-scales of HPLP. In the regression analysis, job satisfaction had a significant impact on HPLP sub-scale scores. Conclusions: Healthy life behaviors were moderate level among students. Physical activity and health responsibility scores were the lowest scores. “Health Protection and Development” should be included as a standard component of vocational education.

Cite this paper
Naçar, M. , Çetinkaya, F. , Baykan, Z. , Zararsiz, G. , Yilmazel, G. and Sağiroğlu, M. (2015) Health Related Lifestyle Behaviors among Students at a Vocational Education Center in Turkey. Health, 7, 1536-1544. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.711167.
References
[1]   Kivela, K., Elo, S., Kyngas, H. and Kaariainen, M. (2014) The Effects of Health Coaching on Adult Patients with Chronic Diseases: A Systematic Review. Patient Education & Counseling, 97, 147-157.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2014.07.026

[2]   Sauter, S.L. (2013) Integrative Approaches to Safeguarding the Health and Safety of Workers. Industrial Health, 51, 559-561.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.MS5106ED

[3]   Paredes-López, O., Cervantes-Ceja, M.L., Vigna-Pérez, M. and Hernández-Pérez, T. (2010) Berries: Improving Human Health and Healthy Aging, and Promoting Quality Life—A Review. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition, 65, 299-308.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11130-010-0177-1

[4]   Buranatrevedh, S. and Sweatsriskul, P. (2005) Model Development for Health Promotion and Control of Agricultural Occupational Health Hazards and Accidents in Pathumthani, Thailand. Industrial Health, 43, 669-676.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.43.669

[5]   Walker, S.N., Sechrist, K.R. and Pender, N.J. (1987) The Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile: Development and Psychometric Characteristics. Nursing Research, 36, 76-81.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006199-198703000-00002

[6]   Fish, C. and Nies, M.A. (1996) Health Promotion Needs of Students in a College Environment. Public Health Nursing, 13, 104-111.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1446.1996.tb00227.x

[7]   Spear, H.J. and Kulbok, P.A. (2001) Adolescent Health Behaviors and Related Factors: A Review. Public Health Nursing, 18, 82-93.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1525-1446.2001.00082.x

[8]   Velsor, F.B. (2001) Adolescent School Health. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 16, 194-196.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/jpdn.2001.24877

[9]   Ferguson, K.T., Cassells, R.C., MacAllister, J.W. and Evans, G.W. (2013) The Physical Environment and Child Development: An International Review. International Journal of Psychology, 48, 437-468.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207594.2013.804190

[10]   Esin, M.N. (1999) Saglikli yasam bicimi davranislari olceginin Turkceye uyarlanmasi. Hemsirelik Bulten, 2, 87-96.

[11]   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2014) About Body Mass Index for Adults.
http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/adult_bmi/index.html

[12]   Unalan, D., Senol, V., Ozturk, A., et al. (2007) A Research on the Relation between the Healthy Life Style Behaviors and Self-Care Levels of the Students in Health and Social Programs of Vocational Collages. Journal of Turgut Ozal Medical Center, 14, 101-109.

[13]   Geckil, E. and Yildiz, S. (2006) Adolescent Health Behaviors and Problems. Journal of Hacettepe University School of Nursing, 25, 26-34.

[14]   Nacar, M., Baykan, Z., Cetinkaya, F., et al. (2014) Health Promoting Lifestyle Behaviours in Medical Students: A Multicentre Study from Turkey. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 15, 8969-8974.
http://dx.doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.20.8969

[15]   Felton, G.M., Parsons, M.A., Misener, T.R. and Oldaker, S. (1997) Health Promoting Behaviors of Black and White Collage Women. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 19, 654-666.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/019394599701900506

[16]   Can, H.O., Ceber, E., Sogukpinar, N., Saydam, B.K., Otles, S. and Ozenturk, G. (2008) Eating Habits, Knowledge about Cancer Prevention and the HPLP Scale in Turkish Adolescents. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 9, 569-574.

[17]   Ulla Díez, S.M. and Pérez-Fortis, A. (2010) Socio-Demographic Predictors of Health Behaviors in Mexican College Students. Health Promotion International, 25, 85-93.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dap047

[18]   Hendricks, C.S., Murdaugh, C., Tavakoli, A. and Hendricks, D.L. (2000) Health Promoting Behaviors among Rural Southern Early Adolescents. ABNF Journal, 11, 123-128.

[19]   Al-Kandari, F., Vidal, V.L. and Thomas, D. (2008) Health Promoting Lifestyle and Body Mass Index among College of Nursing Students in Kuwait: A Correlational Study. Nursing & Health Sciences, 10, 43-50.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2007.00370.x

[20]   Chen, L.H. (2008) Job Satisfaction among Information System (IS) Personnel. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 105-118.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2007.01.012

[21]   Tatsuse, T. and Sekine, M. (2013) Job Dissatisfaction as a Contributor to Stress-Related Mental Health Problems among Japanese Civil Servants. Industrial Health, 51, 307-318.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.2012-0058

[22]   Yilmazel, G., Cetinkaya, F. and Nacar, M. (2013) Hemsirelik ogrencilerinde sagligi gelistirme davranislari. TAF Pre-ventive Medicine Bulletin, 12, 261-270.

[23]   Yilmaz, U. and Bayat, M. (2005) Oto tamirhanelerinde calisan cocuk iscilerin sagliklarini koruyucu davranislari ile is ortami ve calisma kosullarinin degerlendirilmesi. Journal of Health Science, 14, 37-44.

[24]   Dumith, S.C., Gigante, D.P., Domingues, M.R. and Kohl, H.W. (2011) Physical Activity Change during Adolescence: A Systematic Review and a Pooled Analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40, 685-698.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyq272

[25]   Ceylan, S.S. and Metin, o. (2009) Working Condition Children Who Work in Industry and Educated at Apprenticeship Education Center. Firat Saglik Hizmetleri Dergisi, 4, 87-101.

[26]   Gunnarsdottir, S. and Bjornsdottir, K. (2003) Health Promotion in the Workplace: The Perspective of Unskilled Workers in a Hospital Setting. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 17, 66-73.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1471-6712.2003.00122.x

[27]   Jocelyn, O.T.M. and Shaunqula, A.W. (2006) Religious Orientation and Social Support on Health Promoting Behaviors of African American College Students. Journal of Community Psychology, 34, 105-115.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20086

[28]   Gu, G.Z., Yu, S.F. and Zhou, W.H. (2011) Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Occupational Stress in the Workers of a Thermal Power Plant. Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases, 29, 893-897.

[29]   Erbay Dundar, P., Bilge, B., Baydur, H., et al. (2006) Quality of Life and Some Related Factors among Young Students of Apprentice School in Manisa. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 25, 24-29.

[30]   Maruyama, S., Sata, H. and Morimoto, K. (1991) Relationship between Working-Life Satisfaction, Health Practices and Primary Symptom/Problem. Nippon Eiseigaku Zassi, 45, 1082-1094.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1265/jjh.45.1082

[31]   Lerner, D.J., Levine, S., Malspeis, S. and D’Agostino, R.B. (1994) Job Strain and Health-Related Quality of Life in a National Sample. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 1580-1585.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.84.10.1580

[32]   Kawakami, N. and Haratani, T. (1999) Epidemiology of Job Stress and Health in Japan: Review of Current Evidence and Future Direction. Industrial Health, 37, 174-186.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2486/indhealth.37.174

[33]   Sala Razi, G., Kuzu, A., Yildiz, A.N., Ocakci, A.F. and Camkusu Arifoglu, B. (2009) Self Esteem Communication Skills and Cooping with Stress of Young Workers. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 8, 17-26.

 
 
Top