ICA  Vol.6 No.4 , November 2015
Performance Analysis of Grid Connected and Islanded Modes of AC/DC Microgrid for Residential Home Cluster
ABSTRACT
This paper presents performance analysis on hybrid AC/DC microgrid networks for residential home cluster. The design of the proposed microgrid includes comprehensive types of Distributed Generators (DGs) as hybrid power sources (wind, Photovoltaic (PV) solar cell, battery, fuel cell). Details about each DG dynamic modeling are presented and discussed. The customers in home cluster can be connected in both of the operating modes: islanded to the microgrid or connected to utility grid. Each DG has appended control system with its modeling that will be discussed to control DG performance. The wind turbine will be controlled by AC control system within three sub-control systems: 1) speed regulator and pitch control, 2) rotor side converter control, and 3) grid side converter control. The AC control structure is based on PLL, current regulator and voltage booster converter with using of photovoltaic Voltage Source Converter (VSC) and inverters to connect to the grid. The DC control system is mainly based on Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) controller and boost converter connected to the PV array block and in order to control the system. The case study is used to analyze the performance of the proposed microgrid. The buses voltages, active power and reactive power responses are presented in both of grid-connected and islanded modes. In addition, the power factor, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) and modulation index are calculated.

Cite this paper
Othman, A. , Gabbar, H. and Honarmand, N. (2015) Performance Analysis of Grid Connected and Islanded Modes of AC/DC Microgrid for Residential Home Cluster. Intelligent Control and Automation, 6, 249-270. doi: 10.4236/ica.2015.64024.
References
[1]   Zhang, D., Papageorgiou, L.G., Samsatli, N.J. and Shah, N. (2011) Optimal Scheduling of Smart Homes Energy Consumption with Microgrid. Proceedings of 1st International Conference on Smart Grids, Green Communications and IT Energy-Aware Technologies, Venice/Mestre, 22-27 May 2011, 70-75.

[2]   Brown, R.E. (2008) Impact of Smart Grid on Distribution System Design. Power and Energy Society General Meeting—Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, Pittsburgh, 20-24 July 2008, 1-4.

[3]   Kakigano, H., Miura, Y. and Ise, T. (2009) Configuration and Control of a DC Microgrid for Residential Houses. Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Asia and Pacific, Seoul, 26-30 October 2009, 1-4.

[4]   Kakigano, H., Miura, Y., Ise, T., Momose, T. and Hayakawa, H. (2008) Fundamental Characteristics of DC Microgrid for Residential Houses with Cogeneration System in Each House. Power and Energy Society General Meeting—Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, Pittsburgh, 20-24 July 2008, 1-8.

[5]   Pascual, J., San Martin, I., Ursua, A., Sanchis, P. and Marroyo, L. (2013) Implementation and Control of a Residential Microgrid Based on Renewable Energy Sources, Hybrid Storage Systems and Thermal Controllable Loads. Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Denver, 15-19 September 2013, 2304-2309.

[6]   Kuo, Y.C., Liang, T.J. and Chen, J.F. (2001) Novel Maximum-Power-Point-Tracking Controller for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion System. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 48, 594-601.

[7]   Kroposki, B., Lasseter, R., Ise, T., Morozumi, S., Papatlianassiou, S. and Hatziargyriou, N. (2008) Making Microgrids Work. Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE, 6, 40-53.

[8]   Katiraei, F., Iravani, R., Hatziargyriou, N. and Dimeas, A. (2008) Microgrids Management. Power and Energy Magazine, IEEE, 6, 54-65.

[9]   Surprenant, M., Hiskens, I. and Venkataramanan, G. (2011) Phase Locked Loop Control of Inverters in a Microgrid. Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Phoenix, 17-22 September 2011, 667-672.

[10]   Jimeno, J., Anduaga, J., Oyarzabal, J. and Muro, A. (2011) Architecture of a Microgrid Energy Management System. European Transactions on Electrical Power, 21, 1142-1158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etep.443

[11]   Gabbar, H.A., Honarmand, N. and Abdelsalam, A.A. (2014) Resilient Microgrids for Continuous Production in Oil & Gas Facilities. Saudi Arabia Smart Grid, Jeddah, 19-21 October 2014.

[12]   Rigatos, G., Siano, P. and Cecati, C. (2014) An H-Infinity Feedback Control Approach for Three-Phase Voltage Source Converters. IEEE IECON 2014, Dallas, 29 October-1 November 2014, 1227-1232.

[13]   Sungwoo, B. and Kwasinski, A. (2012) Dynamic Modeling and Operation Strategy for a Microgrid with Wind and Photovoltaic Resources. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 3, 1867-1876. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2012.2198498

[14]   Xiong, L., Peng, W. and Poh, C. (2011) A Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid and Its Coordination Control. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 2, 278-286.

[15]   Luis, A.S., Wen, Y. and Rubio, J. (2013) Modeling and Control of Wind Turbine. Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2013, Article ID: 982597.

[16]   Pierce, K. and Jay, L. (1998) Wind Turbine Control System Modeling Capabilities. Proceedings of the American Controls Conference, Philadelphia, 26-27 June1998, 24-26.

[17]   Sang, H., Bruey, S., Jatskevich, J. and Dumont, G. (2007) A PI Control of DFIG-Based Wind Farm for Voltage Regulation at Remote Location. IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Tampa, 24-28 June 2007, 1-6.

[18]   Naguru, N., Karthikeyan, A. and Nagamani, C. (2012) Comparative Study of Power Control of DFIG Using PI Control and Feedback Linearization Control. Advances in Power Conversion and Energy Technologies (APCET), Mylavaram, 2-4 August 2012, 1-6.

[19]   Yu, C.Y. and Li, D.D. (2012) Fuzzy-PI and Feed forward Control Strategy of DFIG Wind Turbine. IEEE Conference of Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), Tianjin, 21-24 May 2012, 1-5.

[20]   Yeong, K., Tsorng, J. and Chen, J. (2001) Novel Maximum-Power-Point-Tracking Controller for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion System. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 48, 594-601.

[21]   Luna-Sandoval, G., Urriolagoitia-C, G., Hernández, L.H., Urriolagoitia-S, G. and Jiménez, E. (2011) Hydrogen Fuel Cell Design and Manufacturing Process Used for Public Transportation in Mexico City. Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering, London, 6-8 July 2011, 2009-2014.

[22]   http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/magazine/jun12/map/default.asp

[23]   Gabbar, H. and Othman, A.M. (2015) Performance Optimisation for Novel Green Plug-Energy Economizer in Micro-Grids Based on Recent Heuristic Algorithm. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 2, 1-10.

[24]   Tsikalakis, A.G. and Hatziargyriou, N.D. (2011) Operation of Microgrids with Demand Side Bidding and Continuity of Supply for Critical Loads. European Transactions on Electrical Power, 21, 1238-1254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etep.441

[25]   Buayai, K., Ongsakul, W. and Mithulananthan, N. (2012) Multi-Objective Micro-Grid Planning by NSGA-II in Primary Distribution System. European Transactions on Electrical Power, 22, 170-187. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/etep.553

 
 
Top