ANP  Vol.4 No.4 , November 2015
Influence of Chitosan Binder on the Adhesion of Silver Nanoparticles on Cotton Fabric and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity
Colloidal silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with particle size less than 10 nm and concentration of 2 mM/L (~200 mg/L) were synthesized by gamma Co-60 ray irradiation of Ag+/chitosan solutions with different chitosan concentration of 0.5%, 1% and 2% (w/v). Incorporation of AgNPs onto cotton fabric was carried out by padding method with 100% wet pick-up. The content of AgNPs deposited on cotton fabric and released from cotton fabric after repeated washing was determined by inductively couple plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). The results indicated that cotton/AgNPs fabric made from padding into AgNPs solution with 0.5% - 1% chitosan was the best one of AgNPs adhesion ability on cotton fabric. Results on antibacterial activity against S. aureus showed that cotton/AgNPs fabric with AgNPs content more than 100 mg/kg exhibited highly antibacterial activity (η > 98%). The mechanical property (tensile strength and elongation) of cotton/AgNPs fabrics was almost unchanged in comparison with untreated cotton fabric. Thus, the resultant cotton/AgNPs fabric with highly antibacterial activity can be potentially used as bed drapes and/or patient uniforms in hospitals, etc.

Cite this paper
Hien, N. , Phu, D. , Duy, N. , Quoc, L. , Lan, N. , Quy, H. , Van, H. , Diem, P. and Hoa, T. (2015) Influence of Chitosan Binder on the Adhesion of Silver Nanoparticles on Cotton Fabric and Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity. Advances in Nanoparticles, 4, 98-106. doi: 10.4236/anp.2015.44011.
[1]   Silver, S., Phung, L.T. and Silver, G. (2006) Silver as Biocides in Burn and Wound Dressings and Bacterial Resistance to Silver Compounds. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, 33, 627-634.

[2]   Tian, J., Wong, K.K.Y., Ho, C.M., Lok, C.N., Yu, W.Y., Che, C.M., Chiu, J.F. and Tam, P.K.H. (2007) Topical Delivery of Silver Nanoparticles Promotes Wound Healing. ChemMedChem, 2, 129-136.

[3]   Jain, J., Arora, S., Rajwade, J.M., Omray, P., Khandelwal, S. and Paknikar, K.M. (2009) Silver Nanoparticles in Therapeutics: Development of an Antimicrobial Gel Formulation for Topical Use. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 6, 1388-1401.

[4]   Lu, S., Gao, W. and Gu, H.Y. (2008) Construction, Application and Biosafety of Silver Nanocrystalline Chitosan Wound Dressing. Burn, 34, 623-628.

[5]   Chaloupka, K., Malam, Y. and Seifalian, A. M. (2010) Nanosilver as a New Generation Nanoproduct in Biomedical Applications. Trends in Biotechnology, 28, 580-588.

[6]   Sobana, N., Muruganadham, M., Swaminathan, M. (2006) Nano-Ag Particles Doped TiO2 for Efficient Photo-degradation of Direct Azo Dyes. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 258, 124-132.

[7]   Oros-Ruiz, S., Zanella, R. and Prado, B. (2013) Photocatalytic Degradation of Frimethoprim by Metallic Nanoparticles Supported TiO2-P25. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 263, 28-35.

[8]   Jain, P. and Pradeep, T. (2005) Potential of Silver Nanoparticles-Coated Polyurethane Foam as an Antibacterial Water Filter. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 90, 59-63.

[9]   Nangmenyi, G., Yue, Z., Mehrabi, S., Mintz, E. and Economy, J. (2009) Synthesis and Characterization of Silver-Nanoparticle-Impregnated Fiberglass and Utility in Water Treatment. Nanotechnology, 20, Article ID: 495705.

[10]   Ren, D. and Smith, J.A. (2013) Retention and Transport of Silver Nanoparticles in a Ceramic Porous Medium Used for Point-Of Use Water Treatment. Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 3825-3832.

[11]   Nguyen, T.A.T., Dang, V.P., Nguyen, N.D., Le, A.Q., Nguyen, D.T. and Nguyen, Q.H. (2014) Bactericidal Activity and Silver Release of Porous Ceramic Candle Filter Prepared by Sintering Silica with Silver Nanoparticles/Zeolite for Water Disinfection. Advances in Natural Sciences: Nanoscience and Nanotechnololy, 5, Article ID: 035001.

[12]   van Halem, D., van der Laan, H., Heijman, S.G.J., van Dijk, J.C. and Amy, G.L. (2009) Assessing the Sustainability of the Silver-Impregnated Ceramic Pot Filter for Low-Cost Household Drinking Water Treatment. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 34, 36-42.

[13]   Lee, H.J., Yeo, Y. and Jeong, S.H. (2003) Antibaterial Effect of Nanosized Silver Colloidal Solution on Textile Fabrics. Journal of Materials Science, 38, 2199-2204.

[14]   Lee, H.J. and Jeong, S.H. (2005) Bacteriostasis and Skin Innoxiousness of Nanosize Silver Colloids on Textile Fabrics. Textile Research Journal, 75, 551-556.

[15]   Perkas, N., Amirian, G., Dubinsky, S., Gazit, S. and Gedanken, A. (2007) Ultrasound-Assisted Coating of Nylon 6,6 with Silver Nanoparticles and Its Antibacterial Activity. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 104, 1423-1430.

[16]   Zhang, F., Wu, X., Chen, Y. and Lin, H. (2009) Application of Silver Nanoparticles to Cotton Fabric as an Antibacterial Textile Finish. Fibers and Polymers, 10, 496-501.

[17]   El-Rafie, M.H., Ahmed, H.B. and Zahran, M.K. (2014) Characterization of Nanosilver Coated Cotton Fabric and Evaluation of Its Antibacterial Efficacy. Carbohydrate Polymers, 107, 174-181.

[18]   Hanh, T.T., Phu, D.V., Thu, N.T., Quoc, L.A., Duyen, D.N.B. and Hien, N.Q. (2014) Gamma Irradiation of Cotton Fabrics in AgNO3 Solution for Preparation of Antibacterial Fabrics. Carbohydrate Polymers, 101, 1243-1248.

[19]   Moritz, M. and Geszke-Moritz, M. (2013) The Newest Achievements in Synthesis, Immobilization and Practical Applications of Antibacterial Nanoparticles. Chemical Engineering Journal, 228, 596-613.

[20]   Wang, H., Wang, J., Hong, J., et al. (2007) Preparation and Characterization of Silver Nanocomposite Textile. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, 4, 101-106.

[21]   Rai, M., Yadav, A. and Gade, A. (2009) Silver Nanoparticles as a New Generation of Antimicrobials. Biotechnology Advances, 27, 76-83.

[22]   Lu, Z., Rong, K., Li, J., Yang, H. and Chen, R. (2013) Size-Dependent and Antibacterial Activities of Silver Nanoparticles against Oral Anaerobic Pathogenic Bacteria. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 24, 1465-1471.

[23]   Martínez-Castañón, G.A., Niño-Martínez, N., Martínez-Gutierrez, F., Martínez-Mendoza, J.R. and Ruiz, F. (2008) Synthesis and Antibacterial Activity of the Silver Nanoparticles with Different Sizes. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 10, 1343-1348.

[24]   Du, B.D., Phu, D.V., Duy, N.N., Lan, N.T.K., Lang, V.T.K., Thanh, N.V.K., Phong, N.T.P. and Hien, N.Q. (2008) Preparation of Colloidal Silver Nanoparticles in Poly(N-vinylpyrrolidone) by γ-Irradiation. Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, 3, 207-213.

[25]   Huang, N.M., Radiman, S., Lim, H.N., Khiew, P.S., Chiu, W.S., Lee, K.H., Syahida, A., Hashim, R. and Chia, C.H. (2009) γ-Ray Assisted Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles in Chitosan Solution and the Antibacterial Properties. Chemical Engineering Journal, 155, 499-507.

[26]   Xia, W., Liu, P., Zhang, J. and Chen, J. (2011) Biological Activities of Chitosan and Chito-Oligosaccharides. Food Hydrocolloids, 25, 170-179.

[27]   Phu, D.V., Lang, V.T.K., Lan, N.T.K., Duy, N.N., Chau, D.N., Du, B.D., Cam, B.D. and Hien, N.Q. (2010) Synthesis and Antimicrobial Effects of Colloidal Silver Nanoparticles in Chitosan by γ-Irradiation. Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, 5, 169-179.

[28]   Potara, M., Jakab, E., Damert, A., Popescu, O., Canpean, V. and Astilean, S. (2011) Synergistic Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan-Silver Nanoparticles on Staphylococcus aureus. Nanotechnology, 22, Article ID: 135101.

[29]   Urreaga, J.M. and de la Orden, M.U. (2006) Chemical Interactions and Yellowing in Chitosan-Treated Cellulose. European Polymer Journal, 42, 2606-2616.

[30]   Remita, S., Fontaine, P., Rochas, C., Muller, F. and Goldman, M. (2005) Radiation Induced Synthesis of Silver Nanoshells Formed onto Organic Micelles. The European Physical Journal D, 34, 231-233.

[31]   Kvítek, L., Panácek, A., Soukupová, J., Kolár, M., Vecervá, R., Prucek, R., Holecová, M. and Zboril, R. (2008) Effect of Surfactants and Polymers on Stability and Antibacterial Activity of Silver Nanoparticles (NPs). The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112, 5825-5834.

[32]   Du, B.D., Phu, D.V., Cam, B.D. and Hien, N.Q. (2007) Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles by γ-Ray Irradiation Using PVA as Stabilizer. Vietnam Journal of Chemistry, 45, 136-140.

[33]   Kaegi, R., Voegelin, A., Sinnet, B., Zuleeg, S., Hagendorfer, H., Burkhardt, M. and Siegrist, H. (2011) Behavior of Metallic Silver Nanoparticles in a Pilot Wastewater Treatment Plants. Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 3902-3908.

[34]   Ratte, H.T. (1999) Bioaccumulation and Toxicity of Silver Compounds: A Review. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 18, 89-108.