JMMCE  Vol.3 No.6 , November 2015
Electroslag Remelting of High Technological Steels
Author(s) Hossam Halfa1,2, A. M. Reda2,3
ABSTRACT
This work aims at the suitability of electroslag process on production of high technological steels such as Maraging steel, modified high speed tool steel (niobium, high nitrogen, and free nitrogen) has been investigated. The experimental results show that high recovery of alloying elements during electroslag remelting of such steels especially high nitrogen tool steel. The previous results are attributed to the slag used in electroslag protect the molten metal from atmospheric oxygen. Also higher recovery of alloying elements during remelting high nitrogen high speed tool steel are due to partial dissolution of nitrides during remelting of such steel which increase nitrogen content above the molten slag which decrease the partial pressure of oxygen leads to protection of molten metal from further oxidation. Also, the results show that, produced ingots are free from internal pipes, porosity and other surface defects. Microstructure obtained for remelted steels is very fine and well distributed for all steel under investigation. In the case of electroslag remelted Maraging steels lower non-metallic inclusions with very fine inclusions and redistribution retained austenite with very fine structure leads to increasing all tensile properties of investigated steels. In the case of high speed tool steels, also the structure is very fine, well distributed, densely and short carbides with lower non-metallic inclusions contents. High cooling rate accompanying with electroslag process has a great effect on type, morphology and content of carbides precipitated in both nitrogen and niobium modified tool steels.

Cite this paper
Halfa, H. and Reda, A.M. (2015) Electroslag Remelting of High Technological Steels. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 3, 444-457. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2015.36047.
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