Health  Vol.7 No.10 , October 2015
Effects of Exercise in Children and Adolescent with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
ABSTRACT
Exercise is one of the most important components, together with insulin therapy and diet, in the clinical management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Physical activity has multiple health benefits, like blood pressure reduction, improvement of cardiovascular fitness and lipoprotein profile. The benefits for children with diabetes may also include positive effects on glycemic metabolism. The following review examines the main studies about the effects of exercise on diabetes. Additional longitudinal studies are needed to verify the hypothetical positive relationship between sport and T1DM and between sport and diabetic complications. However, aerobic and moderate intensity physical activity in children and adolescents with T1DM should be encouraged also for its beneficial psychological effects.

Cite this paper
Iughetti, L. , Gavioli, S. , Bonetti, A. and Predieri, B. (2015) Effects of Exercise in Children and Adolescent with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Health, 7, 1357-1365. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.710150.
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