CUS  Vol.3 No.4 , December 2015
Re-Finding PL.AC.E. for Walking: Assessment of Key-Elements Using Questionnaire
ABSTRACT
Many studies had already been conducted to acknowledge the contribution of walking in sustainable urban development. After conducting a literature study, authors identified the 3 (three) keyelements and introduced them as PL.AC.E. (abbreviation of Profile, Activity, and Environment), of the pedestrian. The Pedestrian Profile was defined as a combination of the following key-attributes: age; financial income; physical condition; gender; mobility choice; employment and education; social cultural capital; pedestrian type; and public transportation usage. The Pedestrian Activity was defined from the key-attributes as follow: walking-related purposes; social interaction; walking intensity; walking habits; and transport modes interaction. Then the Pedestrian Environment was defined within key-attributes of: spatial planning; walk-ability; neighborhood livability; traffic safety; pedestrian facilities (hard elements); pedestrian facilities (soft elements); and environmental quality. In this study, authors would assess those key-elements by distributing a questionnaire to a group of freshmen of the Department of Architecture in the University of Kitakyushu, Japan as a trial experiment. Total 58 responses were recorded and then analyzed using correlations type statistical analysis. It was then concluded that there are indications that those key-elements could be addressed in the planning process of a walk-able urban environment. However in order to validate the result, authors would continue to further distribute the questionnaire to various respondents within different case study areas.

Cite this paper
Nuzir, F.A., & Dewancker, B. (2015) Re-Finding PL.AC.E. for Walking: Assessment of Key-Elements Using Questionnaire. Current Urban Studies, 3, 267-285. doi: 10.4236/cus.2015.34023.
References
[1]   Blanco, H., Alberti, M., Forsyth, A., Krizek, K. J., Rodríguez, D. A., Talen, E., & Ellis, C. (2009). Hot, Congested, Crowded and Diverse: Emerging Research Agendas in Planning. Progress in Planning, 71, 153-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.progress.2009.03.001

[2]   Brown, B. B., Werner, C. M., Amburgey, J. W., & Szalay, C. (2007). Walkable Route Perceptions and Physical Features: Converging Evidence for En Route Walking Experiences. Environment and Behavior, 39, 34-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0013916506295569

[3]   Hass-Klau, C. (2015). The Pedestrian and the City. New York: Routledge.

[4]   Institution for Economics and Peace (2015). Global Peace Index 2015. New York.

[5]   Loukaitou-Sideris, A. (2006). Is It Safe to Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Security Considerations and Their Effects on Walking. Journal of Planning Literature, 20, 219-232.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885412205282770

[6]   Manaugh, K., & El-Geneidy, A. M. (2011). Validating Walkability Indices?: How Do Different Households Respond to the Walkability of Their Neighbourhood? Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 16, 309-315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2011.01.009

[7]   Mateo-Babiano, I., & Ieda, H. (2007). Street Space Sustainability in Asia: The Role of the Asian Pedestrian and Street Culture. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 7, 1915-1930.

[8]   Nuzir, F. A., & Dewancker, B. J. (in press). Redefining PLACE for Walking: A Literature Review and Key-Elements Conception. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management.

[9]   Nuzir, F. A., & Dewancker, B. J. (2015). Understanding How to Improve Urban Walking Condition in Japanese Low Carbon Society. In Architectural Institute of Japan (Ed.), 54th Architectural Institute of Japan Kyushu Branch Research Meeting (pp. 457-460). Kumamoto: Architectural Institute of Japan.

[10]   Parks, J. R., & Schofer, J. L. (2006). Characterizing Neighborhood Pedestrian Environments with Secondary Data. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 11, 250-263.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2006.04.003

[11]   Sauter, D., Hogertz, C., Tight, M., Thomas, R., & Zaidel, D. (2010). Emotions of the Urban Pedestrian: Sensory Mapping. Pedestrians’ Quality Needs. Cheltenham: WALK21.
http://www.walkeurope.org/uploads/File/publications/PQN%20Final%20Report%20part%20B4.pdf

[12]   Tsukaguchi, H. (2010). Comparative Study of Pedestrian Travel Culture in Different Cities in Japan. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 8, 1164-1178.

 
 
Top