WJET  Vol.3 No.3 C , October 2015
Cr(VI) Removal from Aqueous Solution by Chitosan/Carboxylmethyl Cellulose/Silica Hybrid Membrane
Abstract: In the present study, chitosan/carboxymethyl cellulose/silica hybrid membrane (CS/CMC/Silica) was prepared by using chitosan and carboxymethyl cellulose in the presence of 3-glycidoxypro- pyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS) as the crosslinking agent and used to remove Cr(VI) iron in effluent. The structure of CS/CMC/Silica hybrid membrane was characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The influence of Cr(VI) concentration, solution temperature, and pH, adsorption time on adsorption performance of hybrid membrane was investigated. Adsorption capacity increased with the increase of Cr(VI) concentration and absorbing time, and decreased with the increase of sorbent dosage and temperature. The adsorption equilibrium of Cr(VI) ion was attained within 60min of contact. The pseudo-second-order model fitted the kinetic data well.
Cite this paper: He, X. , Xu, H. and Li, H. (2015) Cr(VI) Removal from Aqueous Solution by Chitosan/Carboxylmethyl Cellulose/Silica Hybrid Membrane. World Journal of Engineering and Technology, 3, 234-240. doi: 10.4236/wjet.2015.33C034.

[1]   Crini, G. and Badot, P.-M. (2008) Application of Chitosan, a Natural Aminopolysaccharide, for Dye Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorption Processes Using Batch Studies: A Review of Recent Literature. Prog Polym Sci, 33, 399-447.

[2]   Kyzas, G.Z., Kostoglou M. and Lazaridis, N.K. (2009) Copper and Chromium(VI) Removal by Chitosan Derivatives—Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies. Chem Eng J, 152, 440-448.

[3]   Shimizu, Y., Tanigawa, S., Saito, Y. and Nakamura, T. (2005) Synthesis of Chemically Modified Chitosans with a Higher Fatty Acid Glycidyl and Their Adsorption Abilities for Anionic and Cationic Dyes. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 96, 2423-2428.

[4]   Grisdanurak, N., Ake-waranugulsiri, S., Futalan, C.M., Tsai, W.-C., Kan, C.-C., Hsu, C.-W. and Wan, M.-W. (2012) The Study of Copper Adsorp-tion from Aqueous Solution Using Crosslinked Chitosan Immobilized on Bentonite. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 125, E132-E142.

[5]   Salehi, E., Madaeni, S.S., Rajabi, L., Derakhshan, A.A., Daraei, S. and Vatanpour, V. (2013) Static and Dynamic Adsorption of Copper Ions on Chitosan/Polyvinyl Alcohol Thin Adsorptive Membranes: Combined Effect of Polyethylene Glycol and Aminated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes. Chemical Engineering Journal, 215-216, 791-801.

[6]   Zha, F., Li, S., Chang, Y. and Yan, J. (2008) Preparation and Adsorption Kinetics of Porous γ-Glycidoxypropyltrime- thoxysilane Crosslinked Chitosan-β-Cyclodextrin Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 321, 316-323.

[7]   Han, B., Zhang, D., Shao, Z., Kong, L. and Lv, S. (2013) Preparation and Characterization of Cellulose Acetate/Carbo- xymethyl Cellulose Acetate Blend Ultrafiltration Membranes. Desalination, 311, 80-89.

[8]   Boricha, A.G. and Murthy, Z.V.P. (2010) Preparation of N,O-Carboxymethyl Chitosan/Cellulose Acetate Blend Nanofiltration Membrane and Testing Its Performance in Treating Industrial Wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 157, 393-400.

[9]   Mondal, D., Bhowmick, B., Mollick, M.M., Maity, D., Mukhopadhyay, A., Rana, D. and Chattopadhyay, D.(2013) Effect of Clay Concentration on Morphology and Properties of Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose Films. Carbohydrate Polymers, 96, 57-63.

[10]   Baysal, K., Aroguz, A.Z., Adiguzel, Z. and Baysal, B.M. (2013) Chitosan/Alginate Crosslinked Hydrogels: Preparation, Characterization and Application for Cell Growth Purposes. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 59, 342-348.

[11]   Jiang, L., Li, Y., Wang, X., Zhang, L., Wen, J. and Gong, M. (2008) Preparation and Properties of Nano-Hydroxy- apatite/Chitosan/Carboxymethyl Cellulose Composite Scaffold. Carbohydrate Polymers, 74, 680-684.

[12]   Soares, K.V., Masini, J.C., Torresi, R.M., Carmona-Ribeiro, A.M. and Petri, D.F.S. (2005) Hybrid Particles of Polystyrene and Carboxymethyl Cellulose as Substrates for Copper Ions. Langmuir, 21, 8515-8519.

[13]   Liu, C. and Bai, R. (2006) Adsorptive Removal of Copper Ions with Highly Porous Chitosan/Cellulose Acetate Blend Hollow Fiber Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 284, 313-322.

[14]   Hsiao, M.-H., Tung, T.-H., Hsiao, C.-S. and Liu, D.-M. (2012) Na-no-Hybrid Carboxymethyl-Hexanoyl Chitosan Modified with (3-Aminopropyl)Triethoxysilane for Camptothecin Delivery. Carbohydrate Polymers, 89, 632-639.

[15]   Faria, E.A. and Prado, A.G.S. (2007) Kinetic Studies of the Thermal Degradation of Cellulose Acetate/Niobium and Chitosan/Niobium Composites. Reactive and Functional Polymers, 67, 655-661.

[16]   Bernardo, G.R., Rene, R.M. and Ma Catalina, A.D. (2009) Chromium(III) Uptake by Agro-Waste Biosorbents: Chemical Characterization, Sorption-Desorption Studies, and Mechanism. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 170, 845-854.

[17]   Boddu, V.M., Abburi, K., Talbott, J.L. and Smith, E.D. (2003) Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Wastewater Using a New Composite Chitosan Biosorbent. Environmental Science & Technology, 37, 4449-4456.