MSA  Vol.6 No.10 , October 2015
Complex Protective Coatings for Graphite and Carbon-Carbon Composite Materials
Abstract: The objective of this review is to present the results on the production techniques, process parameters and compositions of heat-resistant coatings for graphite and carbon-carbon composites. The data reported concern the resistance of such protective coatings in air at temperatures up to 2273 K and in the high-speed flows of oxidizing gas media taking place in the spacecraft equipment. Coatings of this type, generally, have a multilayer structure based on the refractory compounds such as carbides, borides, silicides of transition metals and oxides with a high melting temperature. An efficient heat-resistant coating for carbon-based materials should be composed of three layers from which each fulfills its own function. The paper presents a new complex method for formation of heat-resistant coatings on the carbon-based materials. The method combines the vacuum-activated diffusion saturation in the presence of a liquid-phase and self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) simultaneously.
Cite this paper: Zmij, V. , Rudenkyi, S. and Shepelev, A. (2015) Complex Protective Coatings for Graphite and Carbon-Carbon Composite Materials. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 879-888. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.610090.

[1]   Tkachenko, L.A., Shaulov, A.Yu. and Berlin, A.A. (2012) Protective Heat-Resistant Coatings for Carbon-Base Materials. Neorganicheskiye materialy, 48, 261-271. (In Russian)

[2]   Babin, S.V. and Khrenov, V.V. (2011) Devepopment and Investigation of Protective Coating for Carbon-Carbon. Nauchno-tekhnicheskij vestnik Povolgya, 3, 49-53. (In Russian)

[3]   Zhao, J., Guo, Q.N., Shi, J.L., Zhai, G.T. and Lin, L. (2006) SiC-Si-MoSi2-Oxidation Protective Coating for Carbon-Carbon Composites. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 1861-1865.

[4]   Terentyeva, V.S. and Zhestkov, B.E. (2009) Multipurpose High-Temperature Coating on Refractory Alloys and C/C Composites. Khimicheskaya fizika, 28, 64-70. (In Russian)

[5]   Kasatkin, A.V. and Andryushin, S.G. (2011) Analysis of Promising Materials for Use as a Barrier Layers and Protective Coatings for Carbon-Carbon Composites. Korroziya: Materialy, zashchita, 6, 1-9. (In Russian)

[6]   Kasatkin, A.V., Terent’yeva, V.S., Andryushin, S.G. and Yeryomina, A.I. (2004) Diffusion Carbide-Silicide and Carbide-Boride Silicide Coatings on Carbon-Base Materials. Aviakosmicheskaya Tekhnika i Tekhnologiya, 2, 30-37. (In Russian)

[7]   Huang, J.-F., Wang, B., Li, H.-J., Liu, M., Cao, L.-Y. and Yao, C.-Y. (2011) A MoSi2/SiC Oxidation Protective Coating for Carbon/Carbon Composites. Corrosion Science, 53, 834-839.

[8]   Yao, X.-Y., Li, H.-J., Zhang, Y.-L., Reu, J.-J., Yao, D.-J. and Tao, J. (2012) SiC/ZrB2-SiC/SiC Oxidation Resistance Multilayer Coating for Carbon/Carbon Composites. Corrosion Science, 57, 148-153.

[9]   Zhitkov, B.E. and Terentyeva, V.S. (2010) Investigation of Multipurpose MAI D5 Coating Designed for Especially-High-Resistant Materials. Metally, 1, 39-48.

[10]   Baklanova, N.I., Zima, T.M., Titov, A.T., Isayeva, N.V. and Solntsev, S.S. (2006) Protective Coatings for Carbon Fiber. Inorganic Materials, 42, 823-829. (In Russian)

[11]   Joshi, A. and Lee, J.S. (1997) Coatings with Particulate Dispersions for High Temperature Oxidation Protection of Carbon and C/C Composites. Composites Part A, 28, 181-189.

[12]   Zhang, Y.-L., Yao, H.-J., Li, K.-Z. and Zhang, S.-Y. (2011) C/SiC/Si-Mo-B/Glass Multilayer Oxidation Protective Coating for Carbon Composites. Corrosion Science, 53, 2075-2079.

[13]   Reu, X.R., Li, H.J., Chu, Y.H., Li, K.Z. and Fu, Q.G. (2014) ZrB2-SiC Gradient Oxidation Protective Coating for Carbon/Carbon Composites. Ceramics International, 40, 7171-7176.

[14]   Zmij, V.I. (2013) High-Temperature Protective Coatings on Carbon-Base Materials. Poroshkovaya Metallurgiya, 7/8, 85-92. (In Russian)

[15]   Zmij, V.I. and Rudenkyi, S.G. (2010) Reaction-Activated Diffusion and Vacuum Coatings. NSC KIPT, Kharkov, 158 p.

[16]   Zmij, V.I., Rudenkyi, S.G. and Kunchenko, V.V. (2011) Peculiarities of Activated Chemical-Thermal Material Treatment. Problems of Atomic Science and Technology, No. 2 Series: Radiation Damage Physics and Radiation Materials Science, Issue 97, 155-158.

[17]   Zmij, V.I., Kartmazov, G.N. and Rudenkyi, S.G. (2012) Technique of Article Surface Diffusion Saturation. Patent of Ukraine No 98074. (In Russian)

[18]   Zmij, V.I., Kartmazov, G.N., Kartsev, N.F. and Rudenkyi, S.G. (2006) Carbon-Boron-Silicide and Oxide Composite Coatings on Carbon/Base Materials. Poroshkovaya Metallurgiya, 3/4, 21-27. (In Russian)

[19]   Zmij, V.I., Kartsev, N.F., Kovtun, N.V. and Rudenkyj, S.G. (2001) Investigation of the Carbon-Boron-Silicide Heat- Resistance Coating Formation on Carbon-Base Materials. Sbornik: Collected Articles “Temperature Resistant Functional Coatings”, Tula, 15-17 May 2001, 72-79. (In Russian)

[20]   Palatnik, L.S., Cheremskoj, P.G. and Fuks, M.Y. (1982) Pores in Films. М. “Ehnergoizdat”, 216p. (In Russian)

[21]   Zmij, V.I., Kartmazov, G.N. and Rudenkyi, S.G. (2009) Complex Temperature-Resistant Protective Coating on Carbon-Carbon Composites. Fizika i khimiya stekla, 35, 58-63.

[22]   Merzhanov, A.G. and Borovskaya, I.P. (1972) Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis of Refractory Melting Inorganic Compounds. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR Khimiya, 204, 366-369. (In Russian)

[23]   Kogan, Y.D., Sereda, B.P. and Kastogorov, E.P. (1994) Cromium Plated Coating Formation under SHS Conditions. Metals Science and Thermal Treatment of Metals, No. 3, 8-12.

[24]   Gordienko, S.P. (1999) Thermodynamic Analysis of Titanium-Boron Carbide Interaction in the Self-Propagating High- Temperature Synthesis Mode. Poroshkovaya Metallurgiya, 3/4, 72-76.

[25]   Skorokhod, V.V. and Solntsev, V.P. (2009) Formation of Bases for Thermochemical Kinetics of Heterogenous Processes in Powder Reactive Systems. Poroshkovaya Metallurgiya, 7/8, 48-50. (In Russian)

[26]   Solntsev, V.P., Skorokhod, V.V., Baranov, V.L. and Solntseva, T.A. (2010) On the Mechanism of Spontaneous Space-Time Arranged Structure Formation in the Powder Reactive Systems by Contact Melting of Components. Dopovidi Natsional’noyi Academii Nauk Ukrainy, 3, 105-110. (In Ukraine)

[27]   Solntsev, V.P. and Skorokhod, V.V. (2009) Thermal-Kinetic Model and Mechanism of the Reaction Interaction Initiated by the Peritectic Melting. Dopovidi Natsional’noyi Academii Nauk Ukrainy, 11, 91-97. (In Ukraine)

[28]   Zmij, V.I. and Ruden’kyj, S.G. (1998) Peculiarities of Vacuum-Activated Diffusion Saturation of Metals: Thermodynamics, Mechanism, Kinetics. Metallofizika i novejshie tekhnologii, 20, 69-75. (In Russian)

[29]   Rudenkyi, S.G. (2014) Physical & Engineering Basis of the Vacuum-Activated Method of Multipurpose Coating formation on the Metallic and Carbon-Based Materials. Doctoral Thesis, Institute of Electrophysics and Radiation Technologies NAS of Ukraine, Kharkov.