ACES  Vol.5 No.4 , October 2015
Optimisation of Decolourisation Conditions of Crude Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F) Butter: Yellow Type
ABSTRACT
In this study, response surface methodology applying Doehlert experimental design was used to optimise decolourisation parameters of crude yellow shea butter. The decolourisation process was significantly influenced by three independent parameters: contact time, decolourisation temperature and adsorbent dose. The responses of the process were oil loss, acid value, peroxide value and colour index. Contour plots of the decolourisation responses were superimposed and well defined the optimum zone. The optimum decolourisation conditions were found to be: contact time (30 min), decolourisation temperature (80℃ - 95℃) and adsorbent dosage (1 - 2 mass%). These conditions gave decolourised shea butter with the following responses; oil loss (6.2% ± 0.2%), peroxide value (1.7 ± 0.1 meq O2/kg), colour (0.21 ± 0.05 Lovibond yellow) and acid value (25.6 ± 0.7 mg KOH/g).

Cite this paper
Mohagir, A. , Abi, C. , Bup, N. , Kamga, R. and Kapseu, C. (2015) Optimisation of Decolourisation Conditions of Crude Shea (Vitellaria paradoxa Gaertner F) Butter: Yellow Type. Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science, 5, 505-514. doi: 10.4236/aces.2015.54053.
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