PSYCH  Vol.6 No.13 , October 2015
Predictive Potentials of Some Psycho-Socio-Personal Variables on Divorce among Couples in Ibadan Nigeria
ABSTRACT
The rate at which many marriages crash in Nigeria nowadays calls for serious attention. The effect of divorce on the couples concerned, their children and relatives is better imagined than experienced. This study therefore investigated the predictive potentials of infertility, socio-economic status, religious factor, premarital-cohabitation, sexual intimacy, age at marriage and in-law factor on divorce among couples in Ibadan. Two hundred and fifty divorcees responded to standardized instruments used to collect data. Seven hypotheses and one research question guided the study. Results showed that all the variables correlated positively with the criterion variable (divorce), and the research question revealed that the independent variables jointly contributed a total of 92.9% of the total variance for incidence of divorce. Recommendations were made to reduce the menace of divorce in Nigerian society.

Cite this paper
Animasahun, R. (2015) Predictive Potentials of Some Psycho-Socio-Personal Variables on Divorce among Couples in Ibadan Nigeria. Psychology, 6, 1711-1720. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.613167.
References
[1]   Abane, H. (2003). For Better for Worse: Social Dimension of Marital Conflict in Ghana in Gender and Behaviour. Vol. 1, Ile-Ife: Ife Psychologia.

[2]   Amato, P. R., & Previti, D. (2003). People’s Reasons for Divorcing: Gender, Social Class, the Life Course, and Adjustment. Journal of Family Issues, 24, 602-626.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192513X03024005002

[3]   Animasahun, R. A. (2011). Influence of Marital Discord, Separation and Divorce on Poor Academic Performance of Undergraduate Students of University of Ibadan. Nigerian School Health Journal, 23, 79-90.

[4]   Animasahun, R. A. (2013). Psychology of Divorce. GCE 751 Lecture Series. Ibadan: Department of Guidance and Counselling, University of Ibadan.

[5]   Animasahun, R. A. (2014). Marital Conflict, Divorce and Single Parenthood as Predictors of Adolescents’ Antisocial Behaviours in Ibadan. British Journal of Eduction, Society and Behavioural Science, 4, 592-602.

[6]   Animasahun, R. A., & Femi Fatile, E. A. (2011). Patterns of Marital Instability among Married Couples in Lagos, Nigeria. Journal of African Studies and Development, 3.

[7]   Asana, F. A. (2000). Problems of Marriage and Family Life in an African Context: The Perspectives of the Christian Pastor as a Counsellor. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 5.

[8]   Bachar, K., & Koss, M. P. (2001). From Prevalence to Prevention: Closing the Gap between What We Know about Rape and What We Do. In C. M. Renzetti, J. L. Edleson, & R. K. Bergen (Eds.), Sourcebook on Violence against Women (pp. 117-142). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[9]   Bennet, W. J. (2004). Effect of Christian Values on Marital Satisfaction. An Unpublished Masters Degree Manuscript, Social Science (Counselling), Adelaide: University of South of Australia.

[10]   Bentler, P. M., & Newcomb, M. D. (2008). Longitudinal Study of Marital Success and Failure. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[11]   Bergen, R. K. (2006). Wife Rape: Understanding the Response of Survivors and Service Providers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[12]   Billings, A. (1979). Conflict Resolution in Distressed and Non-Distressed Married Couples. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 47, 368-376.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.47.2.368

[13]   Booth, A., Johnson, D. R., White, L. K., & Edwards, J. N. (1995). Predicting Divorce and Permanent Separation. Journal of Family Issues, 6, 331-346.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/019251385006003005

[14]   Borgatta, F. E., & Edgor, A. (2000). Encyclopedia of Sociology (2nd ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishers.

[15]   Bougheas, S., & Yannis, G. (2009). The Effect of Divorce Costs on Marriage Formation and Dissolution. Journal of Population Economics, 12, 489-498.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s001480050110

[16]   Bradbury, T. N., & Fincham, F. D. (1990). Attributions in Marriage: Review and Critique. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 3-33.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.107.1.3

[17]   Bramlett, M. D., & Mosher, W. D. (2002). Cohabitation, Marriage, Divorce and Re-Marriage in the United States. Vital Health Statistics, Series Report 23, No. 2, Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

[18]   Broman, C. (2002). Thinking of Divorce but Staying Married: The Interplay of Race and Marital Satisfaction. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage, 37, 151-161.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J087v37n01_09

[19]   Dehie, C., Larsen, D., & Landers, J. E. (2001). Social Support in Marriage. American Journal of Family Therapy, 29, 307-324.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01926180126500

[20]   DeKeseredy, W. S., & Schwartz, M. D. (2002). Theorizing Public Housing Woman Abuse as a Function of Economic Exclusion and Male Peer Support. Women’s Heath and Urban Life, 1, 26-45.

[21]   DeMaris, A. (2000). Till Discord Do Us Part: The Role of Physical and Verbal Conflict in Union Disruption. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 62, 683-692.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00683.x

[22]   DeMaris, A., & Rao, K. V. (1992). Premarital Cohabitation and Subsequent Marital Stability in the United States: A Reassessment. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 54, 178-190.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/353285

[23]   Dunkins, B. (2000). Ethnic Weddings Traditions: Customs and Cultural Differences in Ceremonies and Receptions. A Presentation at the Association of Wedding Professionals, Washington DC: Association of Wedding Professionals.

[24]   Erbert, L. A. (2000). Conflict and Dialectics: Perceptions of Dialectical Contradictions in Marital Conflict. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 17, 638-659.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0265407500174009

[25]   Erbert, L. A., & Duck, S. W. (1997). Rethinking Satisfaction in Personal Relationships from a Dialectical Perspective. In R. J. Sternberg, & M. Hojjat (Eds.), Satisfaction in Close Relationships (pp. 190-216). New York: Guilford.

[26]   Groom, J. (2001). What Works in Premarital Counselling. Journal of Pastoral Counselling, 36, 46-64.

[27]   Gurman, A. S., & Fraenkel, P. (2002). The History of Couple Therapy: A Millennial Review. Family Process, 41, 199-260.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2002.41204.x

[28]   Halford, K., Nicholson, J., & Sanders, M. (2007). Couple Communication in Stepfamilies. Family Process, 46, 471-483.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2007.00226.x

[29]   Heaton, T. B. (2000). Factors Contributing to Increasing Marital Stability in the United States. Journal of Family Issues, 23, 392-409.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192513X02023003004

[30]   Heaton, T. B., & Albrecht, S. L. (1991). Stable Unhappy Marriages. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 53, 747-758.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/352748

[31]   Ibokete, E. G. (2000). Two Therapeutic Techniques in the Management of Battering among Some Married Women in Lagos Metropolis. PhD Thesis, Ibadan: University of Ibadan.

[32]   Isiugo-Abanihe, U. C. (1998). Extramarital Relations and Perceptions of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Health Transition Review, 4, 111-125.

[33]   Mahoney, P., & Williams, L. M. (1998). Sexual Assault in Marriage: Prevalence, Consequences, and Treatment of Wife Rape. In J. L. Jasinski, & L. M. Williams (Eds.), Partner Violence: A Comparative Review of 20 Years of Research (pp. 113-162). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[34]   Mahoney, P., Williams, L. M., & West, C. M. (2001). Violence against Women by Intimate Relationship Partners. In C. M. Renetti, J. J. Edleson, & R. M. K. Bergen (Eds.), Sourcebook on Violence against Women (pp. 143-178). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

[35]   Miller, R. B., Yorgason, J. B., Sandberg, J. G., & White, M. B. (2003). Problems That Couples Bring to Therapy: A View across the Family Life Cycle. American Journal of Family Therapy, 31, 395-407.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01926180390223950

[36]   O’Connor, M. L. (2001). Men Who Have Many Sexual Partners before Marriage Are More Likely to Engage in Extramarital Intercourse. International Family Planning Perspectives, 27, 48-49.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2673807

[37]   Olarinmoye, E. A. (2001). Psychological and Social Consequences of Divorce in Ibadan, with Special Reference to Yoruba Customary Law Marriage. PhD Thesis, Ibadan: University of Ibadan.

[38]   Raphael, J. (2001). Public Housing and Domestic Violence. Violence against Women, 7, 699-706.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/10778010122182677

[39]   Rogness, M. (2002). Toward an Integrated Male Peer Support Model of Marital Rape in the United States. M.A. Project, Athens: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ohio University.

[40]   South, S. J. (2001). The Geographic Context of Divorce: Do Neighborhoods Matter? Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 755-766.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00755.x

[41]   Stanley, S. M. (2001). Making a Case for Premarital Education. Family Relations, 50, 272-280.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3729.2001.00272.x

[42]   Stanley, S. M., Markman, H. J., & Whitton, S. W. (2004). Communication, Conflict, and Commitment. Insights on the Foundations of Relationship Success from a National Survey. Family Process, 42, 659-675.

[43]   Stutzer, A., & Frey, B. S. (2003). Does Marriage Make People Happy, or Do Happy People Get Married? Working Paper, No. 143, Zurich: Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich.

[44]   Waite, L. J., & Lillard, L. A. (1991). Children and Marital Disruption. American Journal of Sociology, 96, 930-953.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/229613

 
 
Top