MSA  Vol.6 No.10 , October 2015
Study on Characteristics of Gold Powder with Round Shape for Maki-e
ABSTRACT
Maki-e is a traditional Japanese decorative technique that uses the natural lacquer Urushi and metal powders. Currently, there exist only two companies that manufacture metal powder for the purpose of Maki-e, and this research focuses on comparing the material characteristics of the gold powders with round shape manufactured by them. EDS (energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy) analysis, image analysis of particle shape before and after Maki-e processing, and color analysis of samples after Maki-e processing were carried out in this research. The study revealed that current gold powders with round shape had almost the same content ratio regardless of the manufacturing company and the powder diameter. In addition, spherical shape and irregular shape were observed in any gold powders, and the aggregates were observed in powder with increasing the powder diameter, while the shape of the aggregates differed with manufacturing companies. Therefore, it was indicated that the aggregates in the powder made by Asano Co., Ltd. had an influence on the particle diameter and its deviation after Maki-e processing. Moreover, the powder in Urushi resin has an influence on the Maki-e appearance because there is a color difference in polished powder, powder in Urushi resin, and Urushi resin.

Cite this paper
Narita, C. , Shimode, Y. and Yamada, K. (2015) Study on Characteristics of Gold Powder with Round Shape for Maki-e. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 841-849. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.610086.
References
[1]   Kopplin, M., Ed. (2002) Lacquerware in Asia, Today and Yesterday. United Nations Educational, 19-76.

[2]   Coueignoux, C. and Rivers, S. (2015) Conservation of Photodegraded Asian Lacquer Surfaces: Four Case Studies. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 54, 14-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/1945233014Y.0000000032

[3]   Tamburini, D., Bonaduce, I. and Colombini, M.P. (2015) Characterization and Identification of Urushi Using in Situ Pyrolysis/Silylation-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 111, 33- 40.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2014.12.018

[4]   Colomban, P. and Mancini, D. (2013) Lacquerware Pigment Identification with Fixed and Mobile Raman Microspectrometers: A Potential Technique to Differentiate Original/Fake Artworks. Arts, 2, 111-123.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/arts2030111

[5]   Mcsharry, C., Faulkner, R., Rivers, S., Shaffer, M.S.P. and Welton. T. (2013) The Chemistry of East Asian Lacquer: A Review of the Scientific Literature. Studies in Conservation, 52, 29-40.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/sic.2007.52.Supplement-1.29

[6]   Lu, R., Honda, T., Kamiya, Y., Yoshida, K. and Miyakoshi, T. (2013) Analysis of Japanese Jōmon Lacquer-Ware by Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 103, 68-72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaap.2012.09.017

[7]   Santo, R. (2014) Legacy of Milka Trnina in the Collection of Non-European Cultures of the Ethnographic Museum. Etnoloka istraivanja, 18/19, 245-262.

[8]   Victoria and Albert Museum (2015) Lacquer at the V&A.
http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/l/lacquer-at-the-v-and-a/

[9]   Kato, H. (1999) Japanese Urushi Ware Abroad. Science for Conservation, 38, 60-67.

[10]   Canepa, T. (2009) Namban Lacquer for the Portuguese and Spanish Missionaries. Bulletin of Portuguese-Japanese Studies, 18-19, 253-290.

[11]   Franke, A. (1978) The Use of Beeswax and Resin in the Restoration of East Asian Lacquer Work. Studies in Conservation, 23, 45-47.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/sic.1978.s012

[12]   Webb, M. (1998) Methods and Materials for Filling Losses on Lacquer Objects. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation, 37, 117-133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3179915

[13]   Bincsik, M., Maezaki, S. and Hattori, K. (2012) Digital Archive Project to Catalogue Exported Japanese Decorative Arts. International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing, 6, 42-56.

[14]   Bratasz, L., Kozlowski, R., Kozlowska, A. and Rivers, S. (2008) Conservation of the Mazarin Chest: Structural Response of Japanese Lacquer to Variations in Relative Humidity. Conference Preprints of ICOM-CC 15th Triennial Meeting, II, 933-940.

[15]   Gakkai, S., Ed. (2012) Shitsugeijiten. Kadokawa Co., Ltd., Tokyo.

[16]   Nakasato, T. (1972) Study of Metal Particles Used in Ancient Lacquer Arts. Science for Conservation, 9, 63-98.

[17]   Narita, C., Shimode, Y. and Yamada, K. (2015) Study on Properties of Silver Powder for Maki-e. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/msa.2015.61001

 
 
Top