OJCE  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
The Behavior of Recycled Concrete through the Application of an Isotropic Damage Model
Abstract: The main goal of this paper is to describe the mechanical behavior of the CDW recycled concrete in compression, using an isotropic damage model adapted to the variation of the replacement rate of natural aggregates by recycled ones. The isotropic model by Mazars was used as a constitutive equation for the CDW concrete and its adjustment parameters, A and B, were written as quadratic polynomials according to the aggregates replacement rate. The model was evaluated for conventional and recycled concretes. For the latter ones, the aggregates replacement ratios evaluated were 50% and 100%. The results show good approximation between the analytical and numerical values obtained with the adapted isotropic damage model and experimental concrete results for both compressive and flexural strength.
Cite this paper: da Silva, M. , Mota, M. , Gadéa, A. , Leite, M. and Nagahama, K. (2015) The Behavior of Recycled Concrete through the Application of an Isotropic Damage Model. Open Journal of Civil Engineering, 5, 339-351. doi: 10.4236/ojce.2015.53034.

[1]   Etxeberria, M., Vásquez, E., Marí, A. and Barra, M. (2007) Influence of Amount of Recycled Coarse Aggregates and Production Processor Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 735-742.

[2]   Leite, M.B. (2001) Evaluation of Mechanical Properties of Concrete Produced with Recycled Aggregates from Construction and Demolition Waste. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Rio Grande do Sul. (In Portuguese)

[3]   Maruyama, I., Sogo, M., Sogabe, T., Sato, R. and Kawai, K. (2004) Flexural Properties of Reinforced Concrete Beams. International Rilem Conference on the Use of Recycled Materials in Buildings and Structures, Barcelona, 8-11 November 2004, 526-535.

[4]   Disfani, M.M., Arulrajah, A., Haghighi, H., Mohammadinia, A. and Horpibulsuk, S. (2014) Flexural Beam Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Crushed Brick as a Supplementary Material in Cement Stabilized Recycled Concrete Aggregates. Construction and Building Materials, 68, 667-676.

[5]   Rao, M.C., Bhattacharyya, S.K. and Barai, S.V. (2011) Behaviour of Recycled Aggregate Concrete under Drop Weight Impact Load. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 69-80.

[6]   Reis, C.N.S., Leite, M.B. and Lima, P.R.L. (2011) Influence of the Diameter of the Bar and CDW Content on the Bond Behavior of Recycled Reinforced Concrete. 2nd International RILEM Conference on Progress on Recycling in the Built Environment, São Paulo, 2-4 December 2009, 207-214.

[7]   Seara-Paz, S., González-Fonteboa, B., Eiras-López, J. and Herrador, M.F. (2014) Bond Behavior between Steel Reinforcement and Recycled Concrete. Materials and Structures, 47, 323-334.

[8]   LNEC E 471 (2006) Guideline of Utilization of Coarse Recycled Aggregates in Hydraulic Cementing Based Concrete. National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Portugal. (In Portuguese)

[9]   Ministry of Fomento (2011) Code on Structural Concrete. Ministry of Fomento, Spain. (In Spanish)

[10]   RILEM TC 121-DRG (1994) Specifications for Concrete with Recycled Aggregates. Materials and Structures, 27, 557-559.

[11]   Grübl, P. and Rühl, M. (1998) German Committee for Reinforced Concrete (DafStb) Code: Concrete with Recycled Aggregate. In: Dhir, R.K., Henderson, N.A. and Limbachiya, M.C., Eds., Sustainable Construction: Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregate, Thomas Telford Publishing, London, 409-418.

[12]   Xiao, J.Z., Li, J.B. and Zhang, C. (2005) Mechanical Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete under Uniaxial Loading. Cement and Concrete Research, 35, 1187-1194.

[13]   Guo, Z.H. and Zhang, X.Q. (1982) Experimental Investigation of Stress-Strain Curves for Concrete. Journal of Building and Structure, 3, 1-12.

[14]   Bhikshma, V. and Kishore, R. (2010) Development of Stress-Strain Curves for Recycled Aggregate Concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing), 11, 253-261.

[15]   Saenz, L.P. (1964) Discussion of Paper “Equation for Stress-Strain Curve of Concrete” by Desai, P. and Krishnan, S. Journal of American Concrete Institute, 61, 1229-1235.

[16]   Du, T., Wang, W.H., Liu, Z.X., Lin, H.L. and Guo, T.P. (2010) The Complete Stress-Strain Curve of Recycled Aggregate Concrete under Uniaxial Compression Loading. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology-Mater, 25, 862-865.

[17]   Guo, Z.H. (1997) The Strength and Deformation of Concrete (Experimental Basis and Constitutive Relationship). Tsinghua University Press, Beijing.

[18]   Mazars, J. (1984) Application of Continuous Damage Mechanic to Non-Linear Behavior of Concrete Structures. PhD Thesis, Paris 6 University, Paris. (in French)

[19]   Álvares, M.S. (1993) Study of Concrete Damage Model: Formulation, Parametric Identification and Numerical Application Using Finite Element Method. Dissertation (M.Sc.), São Paulo University, São Carlos. (in Portuguese)

[20]   Leite, M.B. (2009) Stress-Strain Behavior Evaluation of Recycled Concrete under Compressive and Direct Tensile Strength. Monograph of Progression of Professor from State University of Feira de Santana. (in Portuguese)

[21]   Brazilian Standard (ABNT) (1994) NBR 12142: Concrete-Determination of Tensile Strength in Flexion in Test. Rio de Janeiro. (in Portuguese)

[22]   DIANA (2005) User’s Manual—Release 9.

[23]   Xiao, J.Z., Li, W.G. and Poon, C.S. (2012) Recent Studies on Mechanical Properties of Recycled Aggregate Concrete in China—A Review. Science China Technological Sciences, 55, 1463-1480.

[24]   CEB-FIP Model Code (1990) Design Code. Committee Euro-International du Beton, Lausanne, Thomas Telford Services Ltd., London.