OJPed  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study
Abstract: Neonatal anthropometric data is an important reflection of the growth and fetal development. Objective: Knowing the anthropometric standards of Moroccan newborns according to sex, gestational age, parity, age and corpulence of women. Materials and Methods: Prospective and cross-sectional study. The information forward newborns alive, healthy, Moroccan parents, from normal pregnancies, born in Rabat Souissi’s maternity between January 2008 and December 2013, was gathered. Results: 5000 births were recruited. The ratio was balanced. Anthropometric standards identified according to gestational age and gender were lower than the Frenchs (AUDIPOG) and Tunisians. With our curves, we determined new thresholds for SGA and macrosomia. Factors influencing fetal growth, it was verified, in addition to sex and gestational age of the newborn, age, parity and maternal body mass index (BMI), that have proven determinants of fetal growth in our context. Conclusion: The curves of birth weight, height and head circumference of Moroccan newborns recruited have determined a new thresholds for hypotrophy and macrosomia.
Cite this paper: Radouani, M. , Ananou, S. , Mrabet, M. , Kharbach, A. , Aguenaou, H. , Barkat, A. (2015) Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 263-273. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53040.

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