OJPed  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study
ABSTRACT
Neonatal anthropometric data is an important reflection of the growth and fetal development. Objective: Knowing the anthropometric standards of Moroccan newborns according to sex, gestational age, parity, age and corpulence of women. Materials and Methods: Prospective and cross-sectional study. The information forward newborns alive, healthy, Moroccan parents, from normal pregnancies, born in Rabat Souissi’s maternity between January 2008 and December 2013, was gathered. Results: 5000 births were recruited. The ratio was balanced. Anthropometric standards identified according to gestational age and gender were lower than the Frenchs (AUDIPOG) and Tunisians. With our curves, we determined new thresholds for SGA and macrosomia. Factors influencing fetal growth, it was verified, in addition to sex and gestational age of the newborn, age, parity and maternal body mass index (BMI), that have proven determinants of fetal growth in our context. Conclusion: The curves of birth weight, height and head circumference of Moroccan newborns recruited have determined a new thresholds for hypotrophy and macrosomia.

Cite this paper
Radouani, M. , Ananou, S. , Mrabet, M. , Kharbach, A. , Aguenaou, H. , Barkat, A. (2015) Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 263-273. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53040.
References
[1]   Figueras, F. and Gardosi, J. (2009) Should We Customize Fetal Growth Standards? Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy, 25, 297-303.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000235875

[2]   Gardosi, J., Mongelli, M., Wilcox, M. and Chang, A. (1995) An Adjustable Fetal Weight Standard. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 6, 168-174.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-0705.1995.06030168.x

[3]   Mongelli, M., Figueras, F., Francis, A. and Gardosi, J. (2007) A Customized Birth Weight Centile Calculator Developed for an Australian Population. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 47, 128-131.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1479-828X.2007.00698.x

[4]   Drooger, J.C., et al. (2005) Ethnic Differences in Prenatal Growth and the Association with Maternal and Fetal Characteristics. Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 26, 115-122.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.1962

[5]   Wilcox, M., Gardosi, J., Mongelli, M., Ray, C. and Johnson, I. (1993) Birth Weight from Pregnancies Dated by Ultrasonography in a Multicultural British Population. BMJ, 307, 588-591.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.307.6904.588

[6]   Zhang, J. and Bowes, W.A. (1995) Birth-Weight-for-Gestational-Pattern by Race, Sex, and Parity in the United States Population. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 86, 200-208.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0029-7844(95)00142-E

[7]   Arntzen, A., Samuelsen, S.O., Bakketeig, L.S. and Stoltenberg, C. (2004) Socioeconomic Status and Risk of Infant Death. A Population-Based Study of Trends in Norway, 1967-1998. International Journal of Epidemiology, 33, 279-288.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyh054

[8]   Yip, R. (1987) Altitude and Birth Weight. The Journal of Pediatrics, 111, 869-876.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3476(87)80209-3

[9]   Bukowski, R., et al. (2008) Individualized Norms of Optimal Fetal Growth: Fetal Growth Potential. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 111, 1065-1076.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181704e48

[10]   Mamelle, N., Munoz, F. and Grandjean, H. (1996) Fetal Growth from the AUDIPOG Study. Establishment of Reference Curves. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris), 25, 61-70.

[11]   El Mhamdi, S., Ben Salem, K., Hadded, A., Gaddour, Z. and Soltani, M.S. (2010) Graphic Model of Birth Weight and Gestational Age in Monastir, Tunisia. Revue d’épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, 58, 121-126.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.respe.2009.12.008

[12]   Mochhoury, L., Razine, R., Kasouati, J., Kabiri, M. and Barkat, A. (2013) Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Obstetric Complications in Moroccan Population. Journal of Pregnancy, 2013, Article ID: 379461.

[13]   Mochhoury, L., Razine, R., Kharbach, A. and Barkat, A. (2013) Prise pondérale maternelle pendant la grossesse et poids des nouveau-nés. Données marocaines. Revue de Médecine Périnatale, 5, 111-119.

[14]   Krasovec, K. and Anderson, M.A., Eds. (1991) Maternal Nutrition and Pregnancy Outcomes. Anthropometric Assessment. Scientific Publication No 529, Pan American Health Organization, Washington DC.

[15]   Dawodu, A., Bener, A., Koutouby, G.A., Varady, E. and Abdulrazzaq, Y. (2008) Size at Birth in a Rapidly Developing Economy: Intrauterine Growth Pattern of UAE Infants. Annals of Human Biology, 35, 615-623.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03014460802385439

[16]   Brenner, W.E., Edelman, D.A. and Hendricks, C.H. (1976) A Standard of Fetal Growth for the United States of America. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 26, 555-564.

[17]   Thomson, A.M., Billewicz, W.Z. and Hytten, F.E. (1968) The Assessment of Fetal Growth. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 75, 903-916.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-0528.1968.tb01615.x

[18]   Amini, S.B., Catalano, P.M., Hirsch, V. and Mann, L.I. (1994) An Analysis of Birth Weight by Gestational Age Using a Computerized Perinatal Data Base, 1975-92. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 83, 342-352.

 
 
Top