MSCE  Vol.3 No.9 , September 2015
Resin Characterization and Tubular Membrane Transport with Single Gases for Ethyl Lactate Separations for Industrial Purposes
ABSTRACT
The dip-coating method has been used to prepare silica membrane. The gas flow rate relationship with the gauge pressure showed a Knudsen type of mechanism of gas transport. The flux was found to decrease with respect to temperature indicating non-activation mechanism of transport through the membrane. The order of the gas kinetic diameter with respect to the gas flow rate was He > Ar > CO2 > N2 confirming a molecular sieving mechanism of gas transport. The characterisation of the resin catalysts was carried out using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM morphology of the Amberlyst 16 resin catalysts showed a defect-free surface before esterification process. Amberlyst 15 catalyst exhibited some defect on the surface indicating a lower resistance to lactic acid and decomposition at higher temperature after the esterification process at 60&degC. The order of the gas viscosity with respect to the gas flux was N2 > Ar > CO2 > He.

Cite this paper
Okon, E. , Shehu, H. , Nwogu, N. , Kajama, M. , Orakwe, I. and Gobina, E. (2015) Resin Characterization and Tubular Membrane Transport with Single Gases for Ethyl Lactate Separations for Industrial Purposes. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 8-14. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.39002.
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