OJMI  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
Comparison of Multimodality Image-Based Volumes in Preclinical Tumor Models Using In-Air Micro-CT Image Volume as Reference Tumor Volume
Abstract: Purpose: Changes in tumor volume are used for therapy response monitoring in preclinical studies. Unlike prior studies, this article introduces in-air micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) image volume as reference tumor volume in rodent tumor models. Tumor volumes determined using imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), micro-CT and ultrasound (US), and with an external caliper are compared with the reference tumor volume. Materials and Methods: In vivo MR, US and micro-CT imaging was performed 4, 6, 9, 11 and 13 days after tumor cell inoculation into nude rats. On the day of the imaging study, in vivo caliper measurements were also made. After in vivo imaging, tumors were excised followed by in-air micro-CT imaging and ex vivo caliper measurements of excised tumors. The in-air micro-CT image volume of excised tumors was determined as reference tumor volume. Then tumor volumes were calculated using formula V = (π/6) × a × b × c, where a, b and c are maximum diameters in three perpendicular dimensions determined by the three image modalities and caliper, and compared with reference tumor volume by linear regression analysis as well as Bland-Altman plots. Results: The correlation coefficients (R2) of the regression lines for in vivo tumor volumes measured by the three imaging modalities were 0.9939, 0.9669 and 0.9806 for MRI, US and micro-CT respectively. For caliper measurements, the coefficients were 0.9274 and 0.9819 for caliperin vivo and caliperex vivo respectively. In Bland-Altman plots, the average of tumor volume difference from reference tumor volume (bias) was significant for caliper and micro-CT, but not for MRI and US. Conclusion: Using the in-air micro-CT image volume as reference tumor volume, tumor volume measured by MRI was the most accurate among the three imaging modalities. In vivo caliper volume measurements showed unreliability while ex vivo caliper measurements reduced errors.
Cite this paper: Lee, Y. , Fullerton, G. and Goins, B. (2015) Comparison of Multimodality Image-Based Volumes in Preclinical Tumor Models Using In-Air Micro-CT Image Volume as Reference Tumor Volume. Open Journal of Medical Imaging, 5, 117-132. doi: 10.4236/ojmi.2015.53016.

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