OJMM  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance of Salmonella spp. in Turkey
ABSTRACT
The current study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of Salmonella spp. in turkey and to determine the antimicrobial resistance pattern of the isolated Salmonellae. Two hundred and fifty turkeys were randomly selected for cloacal soab samples preparation, and the samples were investigated for Salmonella isolation. Identification of the isolated Salmonella was performed using standard bacteriological and biochemical procedures. The prevalence of Salmonella in turkey was about 14.8%. Disc diffusion tests on Muller-Hinton agar were used to determine the sensitivity to antibacterial agents. Ten antibiotics were studied: lincospectin, colistin, cephalexin, ciprofloxacin, chloramphenicol, gentamycin, furazolidone, streptomycin, co-trimoxazole (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) and tetracycline. The highest resistant was observed against cephalexin (89.2%), tetracycline (86.5%), colistin (83.8%), and furazolidone (73%). The Highest sensitivity was found to gentamycin (86.5%), ciprofloxacin (83.8%), chloramphenicol (51.4%) and streptomycin (40.6%). The results showed high prevalence of Salmonella spp. in turkey and high levels of antimicrobial resistance pattern of the isolated Salmonellae were observed.

Cite this paper
Jahantigh, M. , Maryam Jafari, S. , Rashki, A. and Salari, S. (2015) Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance of Salmonella spp. in Turkey. Open Journal of Medical Microbiology, 5, 113-117. doi: 10.4236/ojmm.2015.53014.
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