OJOG  Vol.5 No.9 , August 2015
Voluntary Induced Abortion in Cameroon: Prevalence, Reasons, and Complications
In Cameroon, induced abortion is permitted when a woman’s life is at risk, to preserve her physical and mental health and on the grounds of rape or incest. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, reasons and complications of voluntary induced abortion among women attending the obstetrics and gynecology services in an urban area, Yaoundé and in a rural area, Wum in Cameroon. Methods: We carried out a cross sectional study, with 509 women recruited between August 1, 2011 and December 31, 2011 in three health facilities in Cameroon. We appreciated the frequency, complications and reasons for Voluntary induced abortions. Results: The prevalence of voluntary induced abortion was 26.3% (134/509) globally; 25.6% (65/254) in urban area and 27.1% (69/255) in rural area. One hundred and eleven (83%) cases of induced abortions were carried out in a health structure and 23 (17%) cases in private homes. Medical doctors and nurses were the most frequent abortion providers in both urban (84.7%) as well as rural setting (77.2%). The three main reasons for induced abortion were to pursue their studies (34.3%), not yet married (22.6%) and fear of parents (13.9%). Complications were reported by 20% (27/134) of respondents who had carried out voluntary induced abortion. Excessive bleeding was the most reported complication (70.4%). Conclusion: Despite its illegality in Cameroon, the prevalence of voluntary induced abortion was high in this study.

Cite this paper
Ngowa, J. , Neng, H. , Domgue, J. , Nsahlai, C. and Kasia, J. (2015) Voluntary Induced Abortion in Cameroon: Prevalence, Reasons, and Complications. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 475-480. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.59069.
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