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 OJPed  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
The Differences of Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) Levels between Asphyxiated and Non-Asphyxiated Neonates
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the differences of urinary NGAL levels between asphyxiated and non-as- phyxiated neonates. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational analytic study, including 34 newborns in Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. Sample collection was conducted from December 2014 to March 2015. Urine NGAL levels were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) technique. To determine the differences of urinary NGAL levels between asphyxiated and non-asphyxiated group we used Mann-Whitney U test, and to determine the differences of gestational age and birth weight between these two groups we used Fisher’s exact test. Results: Twenty males (60%) and 14 females (40%) neonates participated in the study. From 34 subjects, 17 neonates were diagnosed with asphyxia and 17 neonates without asphyxia. The results showed that urine NGAL levels had significantly increased in asphyxiated neonates. The median urine NGAL level in asphyxiated group is 95% CI: 506.7 (60.0 - 651.7) ng/mL, while the median urine NGAL level in non-asphyxiated group is 95% CI: 6.7 (0.1 - 53.0) ng/mL. Statistically, there were significant urine NGAL levels differences between asphyxiated and non-asphyxi- ated neonates (p < 0.001). There were no differences in gestational age and birth weight between asphyxiated and non-asphyxiated neonates (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Urinary NGAL levels in asphyxiated neonates were significantly higher than those in non-asphyxiated neonates. There were significant differences of urine NGAL levels between the groups.
Cite this paper: Firmani, N. , Yuniati, T. and Rachmadi, D. (2015) The Differences of Urinary Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) Levels between Asphyxiated and Non-Asphyxiated Neonates. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 185-189. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53028.
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