PSYCH  Vol.6 No.10 , August 2015
The Relationship between Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms and Body Image in Boy and Girl High School Students
ABSTRACT
The present study aimed to examine the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and body image in boy and girl high school students. The sample consisted of 200 students of Zahedan city that were selected through cluster sampling method. To collect data, the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and Fisher’s Body Image Inventory were applied. Obtained data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise regression analysis and independent t-test. The results illustrated a significant relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and body image. Results of stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that the variable of obsessive thoughts was a negative predictor of body image’s overall score and the variable of compulsive was a positive predicator of overall score of body image. Results demonstrated that girl students obtained significantly higher mean scores on compulsion symptoms and total scores of OCD in comparison to boy students. But there were no significant differences with regard to students’ gender on the scores of body image and obsession symptoms.

Cite this paper
Tamini, B. , Rahdar, Z. and Kahrazei, F. (2015) The Relationship between Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms and Body Image in Boy and Girl High School Students. Psychology, 6, 1323-1330. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.610129.
References
[1]   Afrouz, Gh. A. (2007). Introduction to Psychology and Training Children and Adolescents (11th ed.). Tehran: Parents and Teachers Publication.

[2]   Amidi, M., Ghofranipour, F. A., & Hosseini, R. (2006). The Relationship between Body Image, Dissatisfaction and BMI in Female Adolescents. Behavioral Sciences Research Journal, 4, 59-65.

[3]   Bahram, A., Shafizadeh, M., & Sanatkaran, A. (2002). Comparison of Subscales Body Image in Active and Inactive Adults and Its Relationship with Type of Body and Body Composition. Research in Sport Sciences, 1, 13-28.

[4]   Basak-Nejad, S., & Ghaffari, M. (2007). The Relationship between Fear of Body Dysmorphia and Psychological Disorders of University Students. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2, 187-179.

[5]   Brynska, A. (1997). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents: Literature Review. Part 1. Psychiatria Polska, 31, 417-428.

[6]   Dadfar, M., Bolhari, J., Malakouti, K., & Bayan-Zadeh, A. (2001). Prevalence of Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Behavior and Thought, 7, 27-32.

[7]   Fairburn, C. G., & Harrison, P. (2003). Eating Disorders. Lancet, 361, 407-416.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(03)12378-1

[8]   Geller, D. A., & Biederman, J., Jones, J., Shapiro, S., Schwartz S., & Park, K. S. (1998). Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children and Adolescents: A Review. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 5, 260-273.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10673229809000309

[9]   Gleeson, K., & Fright, H. (2006). Constructing Body Image. Journal of Health Psychology, 11, 79-90.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105306058851

[10]   Goodman, W. K., Price, L. H., Rasmussen, S. A., Mazure, C., Fleischmann, R. L., Hill, C. L., Hininger, G. R., & Charney, D. S. (1989). The Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, I: Development, Use, and Reliability. Archives of General Psychiatry, 46, 1006-1011.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1989.01810110048007

[11]   Green, P., & Pritchard, M. (2003). Predictors of Body Image Dissatisfaction in Adult Men and Women. Social Behavior Personality, 31, 215-222.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2003.31.3.215

[12]   Hanigman, R., Philips, K., & Castle, D. J. (2004). A Review of Psychosocial Outcomes for Patients Seeking Cosmetic Surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, 113, 1229-1237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.PRS.0000110214.88868.CA

[13]   Hatata, H., Awaad, M., El sheikh, M., & Refaat, G. (2009). Body Image Dissatisfaction and Its Relationships with Psychiatric Symptomatology, Eating Beliefs and Self Esteem in Egyptian Female Adolescents. Current Psychiatry, 16, 35-45.

[14]   Jamali, A., Memarian, N., & Kazem-Zadeh Otoufi, M. (2007). The Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms, and Some Demographic Factors Associated with It among Junior High School Students in Tehran in 2005. Rehabilitation Journal, 1, 61-66.

[15]   Keery, H., Van den Berg, P., & Thampson, J. K. (2004). An Evaluation of the Tripartite Influence of Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disturbance with Adolescent Girls. Body Image, 1, 37-251.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2004.03.001

[16]   Mehrabi Zadeh Honarmand, M., Davoudi, I., Shokrkon, H., & Najarian, B. (2007). The Role of Cognitive and Personality Traits, Family History and Psychological Pressure in Predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, 3, 27-56.

[17]   Noorbakhsh, P., & Hassanpour, G. (2004). Comparison of Self-Esteem and Self-Concept of Athlete and Non-Athlete High School Male High School Students in Ahwaz and Their Relationship with Students’ Academic Achievement. Journal of Harkat, 21, 19-32.

[18]   Pahlavan-Zadeh, S., Maghsoudi, J., Ghazavi, Z., & Habib-Pour, Z. (2005). Satisfaction with Body Image and BMI in Adolescents. Behavioral Sciences Research Journal, 3, 39-44.

[19]   Pasha, G. R., Naderi, F., & Akbari, S. (2008). Comparison of Body Image, Body Mass Index, General Health, and Self-Concept among People Who Do Cosmetic Surgery, Cosmetic Surgery Applicants and Ordinary People in Behbahan. New Findings in Psychology, 2, 61-80.

[20]   Rabiei, M., Salahian, A., Bahrani, F., & Palahang, H. (2011). Construction and Validation of Body Dysmorphic Meta-Assessment Questionnaire. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, 21, 43-52.

[21]   Shams, G., Karam Ghadiri, N., Ismaleeli Torkanpouri, Y., Amini, H., Ebrahimkhani, N., Naseri Befroni, A., & Paiedar Ardakani, H. (2007). The Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Adolescents and Its Comorbidity with Other Psychiatric Symptoms. Cognitive Sciences News, 9, 50-59.

[22]   Soroureh Azim-Zadeh, B., Razavieh, A., & Moharreri, M. R. (2009). The Relationship between Body Checking Behaviors with Turbulent Eating among Arsanjan University Students. Journal of Applied Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Khorasgan, 42, 124-148.

[23]   Stice, E., & Shaw, H. (2003). Prospective Relations of Body Image, Eating, and Affective Disturbances to Smoking Onset in Adolescent Girls: How Virginia Slims? Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 129-135.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.71.1.129

[24]   Stice, E., & Whitenton, K. (2002). Risk Factors for Body Dissatisfaction in Adolescent Girls: A Longitudinal Investigation. Developmental Psychology, 38, 669-678.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0012-1649.38.5.669

[25]   Thompson, J. K., & Smolak, L. (2001). Body Image, Eating Disorders and Obesity in Youth. Assessment, Prevention and Treatment, 50, 1-19.

[26]   Thompson, J. K., & Stice, E. (2001). Thin Ideal Internalization Mounting Evidence for a New Risk Factor for Body Image Disturbance and Eating Pathology. Current Direction in Psychological Science, 10, 181-183.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8721.00144

[27]   Touzandeh Jani, H., & Kamal-Pour, N. (2004). How to Deal with Obsessive Thoughts and Actions. Journal of Mental Health, 6, 1-11.

[28]   Waller, G., & Sines, J., & Meyer, C., & Mountford, V. (2008). Body Checking in the Eating Disorders: Association with Narcissistic Characteristics. Eating Behaviors, 9, 163-169.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eatbeh.2007.07.004

[29]   Williamson, D. A., White, M. A., York-Crowe, E., & Stewart, T. M. (2004). Cognitive-Behavioral Theories of Eating Disorders. Behavior Modification, 28, 711-738.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445503259853

[30]   Yazdanjou, F. (2000). Relationship between Body Image and the Level of Compatibility of Female High School Students in Mashad. Unpublished M.A Dissertation of Counseling Psychology, School of Management and Planning of the Ministry of Education.

 
 
Top