WJNSE  Vol.5 No.3 , September 2015
Effect of Aluminium Doping on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles
ABSTRACT
Aluminium doped Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles of general formula of Ni0.5Zn0.5AlxFe2-xO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8, 2.0) have been synthesized by sol-gel auto combustion method and characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dis-persive X-ray (EDX), Fourier transform spectroscopy (FTIR) and vibrating sample magneto meter (VSM). XRD studies confirm that all compositions show single phase cubic spinel structure. The crystallite size was calculated using the Debye-Scherrer formula and found in the range of 17 - 52 nm. The lattice parameter “a” is found to decrease with increasing Al3+ content. The SEM images clearly show the crystalline structure and EDX patterns confirm the compositional formation of the synthesized compositions. The results of FTIR analysis indicated that the functional groups of Ni-Zn spinel ferrite were formed during the sol-gel synthesis process. The IR spectra showed two main absorption bands, the high frequency band ν1 around 600 cm-1 and the low frequency band ν2 around 400 cm-1 arising from tetrahedral (A) and octahedral (B) interstitial sites in the spinel lattice. As doping is increased the magnetic behavior is found to decrease and the composition x = 2.0 ferrite appears to be exhibiting superparamagnetism as the coercive field and retentivity are found near zero.

Cite this paper
Kumar, K. , Paramesh, D. and Reddy, P. (2015) Effect of Aluminium Doping on Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles. World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, 5, 68-77. doi: 10.4236/wjnse.2015.53009.
References
[1]   Rashad, M.M., Elsayed, E.M., Moharam, M.M., Abou-Shahba, R.M. and Saba, A.E. (2009) Structure and Magnetic Properties of NixZn1-xFe2O4 Nanoparticles Prepared through Co-Precipitation Method. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 486, 759-767.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.07.051

[2]   Krishna, K.R., Kumar, K.V., Ravindernathgupta, C. and Ravinder, D. (2012) Magnetic Properties of Ni-Zn Ferrites by Citrate Gel Method. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2, 149-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ampc.2012.23022

[3]   El-Sheikh, S.M., Rashad, M.M. and Harraz, F.A. (2013) Morphological Investigation and Magnetic Properties of Nickel Zinc Ferrite 1D Nanostructures Synthesized via Thermal Decomposition Method. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15, 1-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11051-013-1967-9

[4]   Rashad, M.M. and Nasr, M.I. (2012) Controlling the Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of Mn-Zn Ferrites Nano- powders Synthesized by Co-Precipitation Method. Electronic Materials Letters, 8, 325-329.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13391-012-1104-4

[5]   Ravinder, D., Kumar, K.V. and Reddy, A.V.R. (2003) Preparation and Magnetic Properties of Ni-Zn Ferrite Thin Films. Materials Letters, 57, 4162-4164.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(03)00091-0

[6]   Saba, A.E., Elsayed, E.M., Moharam, M.M., Rashad, M.M. and Abou-Shahba, R.M. (2011) Structure and Magnetic Properties of NixZn1-xFe2O4 Thin Films Prepared through Electrodeposition Method. Journal of Materials Science, 46, 3574-3582.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10853-011-5271-8

[7]   Sorescu, M., Diamandescu, L., Swaminathan, R., McHenry, M.E. and Feder, M. (2005) Structural and Magnetic Properties of NiZn and Zn Ferrite Thin Films Obtained by Laser Ablation Deposition. Journal of Applied Physics, 97, 10G105-1-10G105-3.

[8]   Sorescu, M., Diamandescu, L., Peelamedu, R., Roy, R. and Yadoji, P. (2004) Structural and Magnetic Properties of NiZn Ferrites Prepared by Microwave Sintering. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 279, 195-201.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2004.01.079

[9]   Toledo, J.A., Valenzuela, M.A., Bosch, P., Armendáriz, H., Montoya, A., Nava, N. and Vazquez, A. (2000) Effect of AI3+ Introduction into Hydrothermally Prepared ZnFe2O4. Applied Catalysis A, 198, 235-245.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0926-860X(99)00514-1

[10]   Hashim, M., Alimuddin, Kumar, S., Shirsath, S.E., Kotnala, R.K., Shah, J. and Kumar, R. (2013) Synthesis and Characterizations of Ni2+ Substituted Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 139, 364-374.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2012.09.019

[11]   Patange, S.M., Shirsath, S.E., Jadhav, S.P., Hogade, V.S., Kamble, S.R. and Jadhav, K.M. (2013) Elastic Properties of Nanocrystalline Aluminum Substituted Nickel Ferrites Prepared by Co-Precipitation Method. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1038, 40-44.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2012.12.053

[12]   Zhao, L., Zhang, H., Xing, Y., Song, S., Yu, S., Shi, W., Guo, X., Yang, J., Lei, Y. and Cao, F. (2008) Studies on the Magnetism of Cobalt Ferrite Nanocrystals Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 181, 245-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2007.10.034

[13]   Mozaffari, M., Amighian, J. and Magn, J. (2003) Preparation of Al-Substituted Ni Ferrite Powders via Mechanochemical Processing. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 260, 244-249.

[14]   Mathew, D.S. and Juang, R.-S. (2007) An Overview of the Structure and Magnetism of Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles and Their Synthesis in Microemulsions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 129, 51-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.11.001

[15]   Fawzi, A., Sheikh, A.D. and Mathe, V.L. (2010) Structural, Dielectric Properties and AC Conductivity of Ni(1-x)ZnxFe2O4 Spinel Ferrites. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 502, 231-237.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.04.152

[16]   Shahane, G.S., Kumar, A., Arora, M., Pant, R.P., Lal, K. and Magn, J. (2010) Synthesis and Characterization of Ni-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322, 1015-1019.

[17]   Kavas, H., Baykal, A., Toprak, M.S., Kseoglu, Y., Sertkol, M. and Aktas, B. (2009) Cation Distribution and Magnetic Properties of Zn Doped NiFe2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized by PEG-Assisted Hydrothermal Route. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 479, 49-55.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2009.01.014

[18]   Yao, C., Zeng, Q., Goya, G.F., Torres, T., Liu, J., Wu, H., Ge, M., Zeng, Y., Wang, Y. and Jiang, J.Z. (2007) ZnFe2O4 Nanocrystals: Synthesis and Magnetic Properties. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 111, 12274-12278.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp0732763

[19]   Hashim, M., Alimuddin, Kumar, S., Koo, B.H., Shirsath, S.E., Mohammed, E.M., Shah, J., Kotnala, R.K., Choi, H.K., Chung, H. and Kumar, R. (2012) Structural, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Co-Cu Ferrite Nanoparticles. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 518, 11-18.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.12.017

[20]   Verma, V., Dar, M.A., Pandey, V., Singh, A., Annapoorni, S. and Kotnala, R.K. (2010) Magnetic Properties of Nano-Crystalline Li0.35Cd0.3Fe2.35O4 Ferrite Prepared by Modified Citrate Precursor Method. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 122, 133-137.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2010.02.057

[21]   Ghasemi, A., Ekhlasi, S. and Mousavinia, M. (2014) Effect of Cr and AI Substitution Cations on the Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ni0.6Zn0.4Fe2-xCrx/2Alx/2O4 Nanoparticles Synthesized Using the Sol-Gel Auto-Combustion Method. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 354,136-145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2013.10.022

[22]   Sridhar, R., Ravinder, D. and Kumar, K.V. (2012) Synthesis and Characterization of Copper Substituted Nickel Nano- Ferrites by Citrate-Gel Technique. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2, 192-199.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ampc.2012.23029

[23]   Satar, A.A., El-Sayed, H.M., El-Shokrofy, K.M. and El-Tabey, M.M. (2005) Improvement of the Magnetic Properties of Mn-Ni-Zn Ferrite by the Non-magnetic Al3+-Ion Substitution. Journal of Applied Sciences, 5, 162-168.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jas.2005.162.168

[24]   Chandra, P. and Mater, J. (1987) Effect of Aluminium Substitution on Electrical Conductivity and Physical Properties of Zinc Ferrite. Journal of Materials Science Letters, 6, 651-652.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01770914

[25]   Gunjal, R.P., et al. (2012) Dielectric Properties of Chromium Substituted Manganese Ferrites. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology, 3, 16-17.

[26]   Singh, H., Kumar, A. and Yadav, K.L. (2011) Structural, Dielectric, Magnetic, Magnetodielectric and Impedance Spectroscopic Studies of Multiferroic BiFeO3-BaTiO3 Ceramics. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 176, 540-547.

[27]   Mustafa, G., et al. (2015) Investigation of Structural and Magnetic Properties of Ce3+-Substituted Nanosized Co-Cr Ferrites for a Variety of Applications. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 618, 428-436.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.07.132

[28]   Krishna, K.R., Ravinder, D., Kumar, K.V. and Lincon, C.A. (2012) Synthesis, XRD & SEM Studies of Zinc Substitution in Nickel Ferrites by Citrate Gel Technique. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 2, 153-159.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/wjcmp.2012.23025

[29]   Patil, S.A., Mahajan, V.C., Ghatage, A.K. and Lotke, S.D. (1998) Structure and Magnetic Properties of Cd and Ti/Si Substituted Cobalt Ferrites. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 57, 86-91.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0254-0584(98)00202-8

[30]   Labde, B.K., Sable, M.C. and Shamkuwar, N.R. (2003) Structural and Infra-Red Studies of Ni1+xPbxFe2-2xO4 System. Materials Letters, 57, 1651-1655.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0167-577X(02)01046-7

[31]   Waldron, R.D. (1955) Infrared Spectra of Ferrites. Physical Review, 99, 1727-1735.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.99.1727

[32]   Priyadharsini, P., Pradeep, A., Rao, P.S. and Chandrasekaran, G. (2009) Structural, Spectroscopic and Magnetic Study of Nanocrystalline Ni-Zn Ferrites. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 116, 207-213.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2009.03.011

[33]   Martinez, B., Obradors, X., Balcells, L., Rouanet, A. and Monty, C. (1998) Low Temperature Surface Spin-Glass Transition in γ-Fe2O3 Nanoparticles. Physical Review Letters, 80, 181-184.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.181

[34]   Mozaffari, M., Manouchehri, S., Yousefi, M.H., Amighian, J. and Magn, J. (2010) The Effect of Solution Temperature on Crystallite Size and Magnetic Properties of Zn Substituted Co Ferrite Nanoparticles. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 322, 383-388.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2009.09.051

[35]   Costaa, A.C.F.M., Silvaa, V.J., Ferreiraa, H.S., Costab, A.A., Cornejoc, D.R., Kiminamid, R.H.G.A. and Gamaa, L. (2009) Structural and Magnetic Properties of Chromium-Doped Ferrite Nanopowders. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 483, 655-657.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.08.129

[36]   Verdes, C., Thompson, S.M., Chantrell, R.W. and Stancu, A.L. (2002) Computational Model of Themagnetic and Transport Properties of Interacting Fine Particles. Physical Review B, 65, 174417.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.65.174417

[37]   Mathew, D.S. and Juang, R.S. (2007) An Overview of the Structure and Magnetism of Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles and Their Synthesis in Microemulsions. Chemical Engineering Journal, 129, 51-65.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2006.11.001

 
 
Top