ChnStd  Vol.4 No.3 , August 2015
A Constructionalization Approach to Chinese Shang (上) and Xia (下) Spatial Metaphor
Abstract: Language is subject to change over time. Diachronic construction grammar can provide adequate accounts for phenomena of language change. Constructionalization, as a kind of new approach, compasses and goes beyond both lexicalization and grammaticalization (Traugott, 2014). This paper reviews the main ideas of constructionalization and constructional changes, explores the expressions of Chinese spatial metaphor shang (上) and xia (下), and proposes that the sequence and schema of spatial metaphor is the main motivation of constructionalization of Chinese shang (上) and xia (下).
Cite this paper: Xu, Y. (2015) A Constructionalization Approach to Chinese Shang (上) and Xia (下) Spatial Metaphor. Chinese Studies, 4, 83-88. doi: 10.4236/chnstd.2015.43013.

[1]   Bybee, J. (2003). Mechanisms of Change in Grammaticization: The Role of Frequency. In B. Joseph, & R. Janda, (Eds.), The Handbook of Historical Linguistics (pp. 602–623). Oxford: Blackwell.

[2]   De Smet, H. (2009). Analysing Reanalysis. Lingua, 119, 1728-1755.

[3]   Fischer, O. (2007). Morphosyntactic Change: Functional and Formal Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[4]   Goldberg, A. (2003). Constructions: A New Theoretical Approach to Language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7, 219-224.

[5]   Goldberg, A. (2013). Constructionist Approaches. In T. Hoffmann, & G. Trousdale (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Construction Grammar (pp. 15-31), Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[6]   Harris, A. C., & Campbell, L. (1995). Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

[7]   Langacker, R. (1977). Syntactic Reanalysis. In C. N. Li (Ed.), Mechanisms of Syntactic Change. Austin: University of Texas Press.

[8]   Traugott, E. C., & Trousdale, G. (2013). Constructionalization and Constructional Changes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[9]   Traugott, E. C. (2014). Toward a Constructional Framework for Research on Language. Cognitive Linguistic Studies, 1, 3-21.

[10]   Xu, X. D. (2010). A Cognitive Study on Spatial Metaphors in English and Chinese: The Cases of English Up/Down and Chinese Shang/Xia. Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing.