OJOG  Vol.5 No.8 , August 2015
Trauma in Pregnancy at the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Epidemiological, Clinical, Therapeutic and Prognostic Aspect
ABSTRACT
Objective: To study the epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of trauma in pregnancy at the Yalgado Ouedraogo teaching hospital in Ouagadougou. Patients and Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was done over a period of three years from 1st January 2010 to 31st December 2012. We included in our sample, all pregnant women admitted for trauma in pregnancy and eligible in three clinics: obstetrics/gynecology, orthopedics, general and visceral surgery. Anonymity and confidentiality of collected data were respected. Results: We recorded 224 emergency consultations for trauma in pregnancy out of 26,735 obstetric and gynecological consultations which gave a frequency of 0.8%. The mean age of our patients was 25.9 ± 5 years and mean parity was 1. Housewives accounted for 50% of patients and referrals were the mode of admission in 74.6% of cases. The causes of injury were dominated by road traffic accidents in 82.6% of cases, falls in 9.8% and assault in 7.6%. The mean gestational age of onset of trauma was 26.3 ± 7 weeks amenorrhea. The management was multidisciplinary with a medical component in 99.1% of cases, obstetric component in 13% of cases, a visceral surgery component in 6.7% of cases and an orthopedic component in 4.2% case. Multiple traumas were found in 4 patients. The fetal prognosis showed in the 1st trimester 3 cases of abortion in the 2nd trimester 5 cases of intrauterine fetal death and in the 3rd trimester 10 cases of preterm labor. Conclusion: Traumas during pregnancy are beyond emergencies within multiple causes and requiring a multidisciplinary management. Seen the limited means of support, establishment of a national strategy to prevent trauma in pregnancy will improve the prognosis for mother and child.

Cite this paper
Ouédraogo, A. , Tall, M. , Simporé, A. , Millogo, F. , Savadogo, M. , Bonane, B. and Lankoandé, J. (2015) Trauma in Pregnancy at the Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso: Epidemiological, Clinical, Therapeutic and Prognostic Aspect. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 436-442. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.58063.
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