WJNST  Vol.5 No.3 , July 2015
Determination of α in the Cadmium Lined Irradiation Channel of the NIRR-1 for Use in ko-ENAA
ABSTRACT
The epithermal neutron shape factor (α) was determined in the permanent cadmium lined irradiation channel installed in the large outer irradiation site of the Nigeria Research Reactor-1 (NIRR- 1) by the cadmium covered multimonitor method using the monitors Al-0.1% Au, Zr and Zn thin foils and Mo thin wire and was found to be -0.137 ± 0.018. The high negative value of α indicates a hardened epithermal neutron spectrum in the cadmium lined irradiation channel. The α value obtained was used in the single comparator method of ENAA (ko-ENAA) for the determination of the concentrations of elements in the standard reference material NIST 1515 Apple leaves using Al-0.1% Au thin foil as the single comparator. The concentrations of the elements Sm and Br were determined in the NIST 1515 Apple leaves because of their high Qo values and are in good agreement with the certified values.

Cite this paper
Sheyin, F. , Oladipo, M. , Jonah, S. and Sadiq, U. (2015) Determination of α in the Cadmium Lined Irradiation Channel of the NIRR-1 for Use in ko-ENAA. World Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, 5, 233-240. doi: 10.4236/wjnst.2015.53023.
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