OJAppS  Vol.5 No.7 , July 2015
Biosorption of Ni2+ and Cd2+ from Aqueous Solutions Using NaOH-Treated Biomass of Eupenicillium ludwigii: Equilibrium and Mechanistic Studies
Abstract: The removal of Ni2+ and Cd2+ ions by Eupenicillium ludwigii biomass was studied in a batch system. The optimum pH for the biosorption was 6 for Ni2+ and 5 for Cd2+. Temperature changes in the range from 15oC to 40oC affected the biosorption capacity, and the nature of the reaction was found to be endothermic for both metal ions. HCl was the best desorbing agent for the desorption of both metals. Chemical modifications of the biomass demonstrated that carboxyl and amine groups played an important role in Ni2+ and Cd2+ biosorption. Ion exchange mechanism was also suggested in the biosorption process.
Cite this paper: Al-Fakih, A. (2015) Biosorption of Ni2+ and Cd2+ from Aqueous Solutions Using NaOH-Treated Biomass of Eupenicillium ludwigii: Equilibrium and Mechanistic Studies. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 5, 376-392. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.57038.

[1]   Pahlavanzadeh, H., Keshtkar, A.R., Safdari, J. and Abadi, Z. (2010) Biosorption of Nickel(II) from Aqueous Solution by Brown Algae: Equilibrium, Dynamic and Thermodynamic Studies. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 175, 304-310.

[2]   Miretzky, P., Munoz, C. and Carrillo-Chavez, A. (2010) Cd(II) Removal from Aqueous Solution by Eleocharis acicularis Biomass, Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies. Bioresource Technology, 101, 2637-2642.

[3]   Akar, T., Kaynak, Z., Ulusoy, S., Yuvaci, D., Ozsari, G. and Akar, S.T. (2009) Enhanced Biosorption of Nickel(II) Ions by Silica-Gel-Immobilized Waste Biomass: Biosorption Characteristics in Batch and Dynamic Flow Mode. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 163, 1134-1141.

[4]   Volesky, B. (2001) Detoxification of Metal-Bearing Effluents: Biosorption for the Next Century. Hydrometallurgy, 59, 203-216.

[5]   Saeed, A., Iqbal, M. and Akhtar, M.W. (2005) Removal and Recovery of Lead(II) from Single and Multimetal (Cd, Cu, Ni, Zn) Solutions by Crop Milling Waste (Black Gram Husk). Journal of Hazardous Materials, 117, 65-73.

[6]   Singh, H. (2006) Mycoremediation: Fungal Bioremediation. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.

[7]   Wang, J. and Chen, C. (2006) Biosorption of Heavy Metals by Saccharomyces cerevisiae: a Review. Biotechnology Advances, 24, 427-451.

[8]   Sari, A. and Tuzen, M. (2009) Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies of Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from Aqueous Solution by Macrofungus (Amanita rubescens) Biomass. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 164, 1004-1011.

[9]   Gharieb, M.M., Al-Fakih, A.A. and Ali, M.I. (2014) Biosorption of Pb(II) and Co(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions Using Pretreated Rhizopus oryzae (Bread Mold). Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, 39, 2435-2446.

[10]   Lamelas, C., Avaltroni, F., Benedetti, M., Wilkinson, K.J. and Slaveykova, V.I. (2005) Quantifying Pb and Cd Complexation by Alginates and the Role of Metal Binding on Macromolecular Aggregation. Biomacromolecules, 6, 2756- 2764.

[11]   Drake, L.R., Lin, S., Rayson, G.D. and Jackson, P.J. (1996) Chemical Modifications and Metal Binding Studies of Datura innoxia. Environmental Science & Technology, 30, 110-114.

[12]   Loudon, G.M. (1984) Organic Chemistry. Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, Boston.

[13]   Tobin, J.M., Cooper, D.G. and Neufeld, R.J. (1990) Investigation of the Mechanism of Metal Uptake by Rhizopus arrhizus Biomass. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 12, 591-595.

[14]   Rathinam, A., Maharshi, B., Janardhanan, S.K., Jonnalagadda, R.R. and Nair, B.U. (2010) Biosorption of Cadmium Metal Ion from Simulated Wastewaters Using Hypnea valentiae Biomass: A Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study. Bioresource Technology, 101, 1466-1470.

[15]   Foo, K.Y. and Hameed, B.H. (2010) Insights into Modeling of Adsorption Isotherm Systems. Chemical Engineering Journal, 156, 2-10.

[16]   Akar, T. and Tunali, S. (2006) Biosorption Characteristics of Aspergillus flavus Biomass for Removal of Pb(II) and Cu(II) Ions from an Aqueous Solution. Bioresource Technology, 97, 1780-1787.

[17]   Amini, M., Younesi, H. and Bahramifar, N. (2009) Biosorption of Nickel(II) from Aqueous Solution by Aspergillus niger: Response Surface Methodology and Isotherm Study. Chemosphere, 75, 1483-1491.

[18]   Baik, W.Y., Bae, J.H., Cho, K.M. and Hartmeier, W. (2002) Biosorption of Heavy Metals Using Whole Mold Mycelia and Parts Thereof. Bioresource Technology, 81, 167-170.

[19]   Bhainsa, K.C. and D’Souza, S.F. (2008) Removal of Copper Ions by the Filamentous Fungus, Rhizopus oryzae from Aqueous Solution. Bioresource Technology, 99, 3829-3835.

[20]   Kiran, I., Akar, T. and Tunali, S. (2005) Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) from Aqueous Solutions by Pretreated Biomass of Neurospora crassa. Process Biochemistry, 40, 3550-3558.

[21]   Li, Z.J. and Yuan, H.L. (2006) Characterization of Cadmium Removal by Rhodotorula sp. Y11. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 73, 458-463.

[22]   Tan, T.-W., Hu, B. and Su, H.J. (2004) Adsorption of Ni2+ on Amine-Modified Mycelium of Penicillium chrysogenum. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 35, 508-513.

[23]   Tsekova, K., Todorova, D., Dencheva, V. and Ganeva, S. (2010) Biosorption of Copper(II) and Cadmium(II) from Aqueous Solutions by Free and Immobilized Biomass of Aspergillus niger. Bioresource Technology, 101, 1727-1731.

[24]   Mack, C., Wilhelmi, B., Duncan, J.R. and Burgess, J.E. (2007) Biosorption of Precious Metals: A Review. Biotechnology Advances, 25, 264-271.

[25]   Padmavathy, V., Vasudevan, P. and Dhingra, S.C. (2003) Biosorption of Nickel(II) Ions on Baker’s Yeast. Process Biochemistry, 38, 1389-1395.

[26]   Congeevaram, S., Dhanarani, S., Park, J., Dexinilin, M. and Thamaraiselvi, K. (2007) Biosorption of Chromium and Nickel by Heavy Metal Resistant Fungal and Bacterial Isolates. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 146, 270-277.

[27]   Fan, T., Liu, Y.G., Feng, B.Y., Zeng, G.M., Yang, C.P., Zhou, M., Zhou, H.Z., Tan, Z.F. and Wang, X. (2008) Biosorption of Cadmium(II), Zinc(II) and Lead(II) by Penicillium simplicissimum: Isotherms, Kinetics and Thermodynamics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 160, 655-661.

[28]   Akar, T. and Tunali, S. (2005) Biosorption Performance of Botrytis cinerea Fungal By-Products for Removal of Cd(II) and Cu(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions. Minerals Engineering, 18, 1099-1109.

[29]   Lou, J.-M., Xiao, X. and Luo, S.-L. (2010) Biosorption of Cadmium(II) from Aqueous Solutions by Industrial Fungus Rhizopus cohnii. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 20, 1104-1111.

[30]   Tunali, S., Çabuk, A. and Akar, T. (2006) Removal of Lead and Copper Ions from Soil. Chemical Engineering Journal, 115, 203-211.

[31]   Dursun, A.Y. (2006) A Comparative Study on Determination of the Equilibrium, Kinetic and Thermodynamic Parameters of Biosorption of Copper(II) and Lead(II) Ions onto Pretreated Aspergillus niger. Biochemical Engineering Journal, 28, 187-195.

[32]   Mashitah, M.D., Azila, Y.Y. and Bhatia, S. (2008) Biosorption of Cadmium(II) Ions by Immobilized Cells of Pycnoporus sanguineus from Aqueous Solution. Bioresource Technology, 99, 4742-4748.

[33]   Baysal, Z., Çinar, E., Bulut, Y., Alkan, H. and Dogru, M. (2009) Equilibrium and Thermodynamic Studies on Biosorption of Pb(II) onto Candida albicans Biomass. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 161, 62-67.

[34]   Anayurt, R.A., Sari, A. and Tuzen, M. (2009) Equilibrium, Thermodynamic and Kinetic Studies on Biosorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from Aqueous Solution by Macrofungus (Lactarius scrobiculatus) Biomass. Chemical Engineering Journal, 151, 255-261.

[35]   Romera, E., González, F., Ballester, A., Blazquez, M.L. and Muñoz, J.A. (2007) Comparative Study of Biosorption of Heavy Metals Using Different Types of Algae. Bioresource Technology, 98, 3344-3353.

[36]   Liu, Y.G., Fan, T., Zeng, G.-M., Li, X., Tong, Q., Ye, F., Zhou, M., Xu, W.H. and Huang, Y. (2006) Removal of Cadmium and Zinc Ions from Aqueous Solution by Living Aspergillus niger. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 16, 681-686.

[37]   Selatnia, A., Madani, A., Bakhti, M.Z., Kertous, L., Mansouri, Y. and Yous, R. (2004) Biosorption of Ni2+ from Aqueous Solution by a NaOH-Treated Bacterial Dead Streptomyces rimosus Biomass. Minerals Engineering, 17, 903-911.

[38]   Vilar, V.J.P., Sebesta, F., Botelho, C.M.S. and Boaventura, R.A.R. (2005) Equilibrium and Kinetic Modeling of Pb2+ Biosorption by Granulated Agar Extraction Algal Waste. Process Biochemistry, 40, 3276-3284.

[39]   Padmavathy, V. (2008) Biosorption of Nickel(II) Ions by Baker’s Yeast: Kinetic, Thermodynamic and Desorption Studies. Bioresource Technology, 99, 3100-3109.

[40]   Aksu, Z., Kutsal, T., Gun, S., Haciosmanoglu, N. and Gholminejad, M. (1991) Investigation of Biosorption of Cu(II), Ni(II) and Cr(VI) Ions to Activated Sludge Bacteria. Environmental Technology, 12, 915-921.

[41]   Jalali, R., Ghafourian, H., Asef, Y., Davarpanah, S.J. and Sepehr, S. (2002) Removal and Recovery of Lead Using Non Living Biomass of Marine Algae. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 92, 253-262.

[42]   Sujatha, P., Kalarani, V. and Kumar, B.N. (2013) Effective Biosorption of Nickel(II) from Aqueous Solutions Using Trichoderma viride. Journal of Chemistry, 2013, Article ID: 716098.

[43]   Gopal, M., Pakshirajan, K. and Swaminathan, T. (2002) Heavy Metal Removal by Biosorption Using Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 102, 227-237.

[44]   Kapoor, A. and Viraraghavan, T. (1997) Fungi as Biosorbents. In: Wase, J. and Forster, C., Eds., Biosorbents for Metal Ions, Taylor & Francis, London, 67-85.

[45]   Tan, T.W. and Cheng, P. (2003) Biosorption of Metal Ions with Penicillium chrysogenum. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 104, 119-128.

[46]   Vasudevan, P., Padmavathy, V. and Dhingra, S.C. (2002) Biosorption of Monovalent and Divalent Ions on Baker’s Yeast. Bioresource Technology, 82, 285-289.

[47]   Allaboun, H. and Abu Al-Rub, F.A. (2008) Dynamics, Mechanistic and Equilibrium Studies for the Biosorption of Nickel on Palm Tree Leaves. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, 2, 125-138.