OJN  Vol.5 No.7 , July 2015
Clinical Nurses’ Research Capacity Building in Practice—A Systematic Review
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify and evaluate evidence of clinical nurses’ research capacity building in practice. A systematic review of studies of nurses’ research capacity building in practice was performed. The quality of the articles was evaluated and reflected on in accordance with the Quality Assessment and Validity Tool for Correlation Studies. The literature searches identified a total of 4748 abstracts and titles. Eight quantitative studies were included in the evaluation. Three themes emerged from the analysis: Failure to ensure research quality and standards, Developing a research culture and Collaboration and organization of research utilization. The first theme has one sub-theme: Lack of knowledge about how to increase research utilization. The second theme is based on three sub-themes: Ability to identify clinical problems, changing nurses’ attitudes to research and research supervision. Finally, the third theme has one sub-theme: Funding as a success factor. In conclusion, research capacity building requires the development of research competence to generate knowledge that enhances quality and patient safety. Nurse leaders are essential for establishing evidence-based practice and a research culture, thus enhancing nurses’ scientific attitudes and capacity.
Cite this paper: Lode, K. , Sørensen, E. , Salmela, S. , Holm, A. , Severinsson, E. , (2015) Clinical Nurses’ Research Capacity Building in Practice—A Systematic Review. Open Journal of Nursing, 5, 664-677. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2015.57070.

[1]   The World Health Organisation. Global Programme of Work Framework, 2008-2009.

[2]   Segrott, J., McIvor, M. and Green, B. (2006) Challenges and Strategies in Developing Nursing Research Capacity: A Review of the Literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 43, 637-651.

[3]   Condell, S.L. and Begley, C. (2007) Capacity Building: A Concept Analysis of the Term Applied to Research. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 13, 268-275.

[4]   Hundley, V., Milne, J., Leighton-Back, I., Graham, W. and Fitzmaurice, A. (2000) Raising Research Awareness among Midwives and Nurses: Does It Work? Journal of Advanced Nursing, 31, 78-88.

[5]   Clifford, C. and Murray, S. (2001) Pre- and Post-Test Evaluation of a Project to Facilitate Research Development in Practice in a Hospital Setting. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36, 685-695.

[6]   Adamsen, I., Larsen, K., Bjerregaard, L. and Madsen, J.K. (2003) Moving Forward in a Role as a Researcher: The Effect of a Research Method Course on Nurses’ Research Activity. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 12, 442-450.

[7]   Fyffe, T. and Hanley, J. (2002) Scoping the Nursing and Midwifery Research and Development Capacity in Scotland to Inform the Development of a Future Strategy. Nursing Times Research, 7, 255.

[8]   Melnyk, B.M., and Fineout-Overholt, E. (2002) Key Steps in Implementing Evidence-Based Practice: Asking Compelling, Searchable Questions and Searching for the Best Evidence. Paediatric Nursing, 22, 262-266.

[9]   Meyer, J., Johnson, B., Procter, S., Bryar, R. and Rosmovtis, I. (2003) Practitioner Research: Exploring Issues in Relation to Research Capacity-Building. Nursing Times Research, 8, 407-417.

[10]   O’Byrne, L. and Smith, S. (2011) Models to Enhance Research Capacity and Capabilities in Clinical Nurses: A Narrative Review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 1365-1371.

[11]   Cooke, A. and Green, B. (2000) Developing the Research Capacity of Departments of Nursing and Midwifery Based in Higher Education: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 32, 57-65.

[12]   Purkis, J., Jackson, J.A., Hundt, G. and Stockman, C. (2008) Increasing Nursing Research Capacity in the Workplace. Nursing Times, 104, 28-31.

[13]   Short, A., Jackson, W. and Nugus, P. (2010) Expanding Clinical Research Capacity through a Community of Practice. Nurse Education in Practice, 10, 452-456.

[14]   Hutchinson, A. and Johnston, L. (2006) Beyond the BARRIERS Scale: Commonly Reported Barriers to Research Use. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36, 189-199.

[15]   Atkinson, M., Turkel, M. and Cashy, J. (2008) Overcoming Barriers to Research in a Magnet Community Hospital. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 23, 362-368.

[16]   Kajermo, K.N., Boström, A.M., Thompson, D.S., Hutchinson, A.M., Estabrooks, C.A. and Wallin, L. (2010) The BARRIERS Scale—The Barriers to Research Utilization Scale: A Systematic Review.

[17]   Matthew-Maich, N., Ploeg, J., Jack, S. and Dobbins, M. (2010) Transformative Learning and Research Utilisation in Nursing Practice: A Missing Link? Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 7, 25-35.

[18]   Jeff, L., Affonso, D.D., McMillan, K., Matthews, S., Bookey-Bassett, S., Campbell, H. and Merkely, J. (2006) Building Capacity for Nursing Research. Canadian Nurse, 102, 30-32.

[19]   Goeppinger, J., Miles, M.S., Weaver, W., Campbell, L. and Roland, E.J. (2009) Building Nursing Research Capacity to Address Health Disparities: Engaging Minority Baccalaureate and Master’s Students. Nursing Outlook, 57, 158-165.

[20]   Henderson, A., Winch, S. and Holzhauser, K. (2009) Leadership: The Critical Success Factor in the Rise or Fall of Useful Research Activity. Journal of Nursing Management, 17, 942-946.

[21]   Begley, C., McCarron, M., Huntley, S., Condell, S. and Higgins, A. (2014) Successful Research Capacity Building in Academic Nursing and Midwifery in Ireland: An Exemplar. Nurse Education Today, 34, 754-760.

[22]   Jeffs, L., Smith, O., Beswick, O.S., Maoine, M. and Ferris, E. (2013) Investing in Nursing Research in Practice Settings: A Blueprint for Building Capacity. Nursing Leadership, 26, 45-59.

[23]   Newhouse, R.P. (2007) Creating Infrastructure Supportive of Evidence-Based Nursing Practices: Leadership Strategies. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 4, 21-29.

[24]   Estabrooks, C.A., Scott, S., Squires, J.E., Stevens, B., O-Brien-Pallas, L., Watt-Watson, J., Profetto-McGrath, J., McGilton, K., Golden-Biddle, K., Lander, J., Donner, G., Boschma, G., Humprey, C. and Williams, J. (2008) Patterns of Research Utilisation on Patient Care Units. Implementation Science, 3, 31.

[25]   Aveyard, H. (2014) Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care. A Practical Guide. 3rd Edition, Open University Press, London.

[26]   Liberati, A., Altman, D.G., Tetzlaff, J., Mulrow, C., Götzsche, P., Ioannidis, J.P., Clarke, M., Devereaux, P.J., Kleijnen, D. and Moher, D. (2009) The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Healthcare Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration. BMJ 2009, 339, Article ID: b2700.

[27]   Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J. and Altman, D., The PRISMA Group (2009) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses: The PRISMA Statement. PLoS Medicine, 6, e1000097.

[28]   Cooper, H.M. (1998) Synthesizing Research. A Guide for Literature Reviews. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.

[29]   Meijers, J., Janssen, M., Cummings, G., Wallin, H., Estabrooks, C. and Halfens, R. (2006) Assessing the Relationship between Contextual Factors and Research Utilization in Nursing: Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 55, 622-635.

[30]   Lartey, S., Cummings, G. and Profetto-McGrath, J. (2013) Interventions That Promote Retention of Experienced Registered Nurses in Health Care Settings: A Systematic Review. Journal of Nursing Management, 22, 1027-1041.

[31]   Corchon, S., Portillo, M.C., Watson, R. and Saracíbar, M. (2011) Nursing Research Capacity Building in a Spanish Hospital: An Intervention Study. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20, 2479-2489.

[32]   Martinez, N. (2012) Developing Nursing Capacity for Health Systems and Service Research in Cuba, 2008-2011. MEDICC Review, 14, 12-18.

[33]   Akerjordet, K., Lode, K. and Severinsson, E. (2012) Clinical Nurses’ Attitudes towards Research, Management and Organisational Resources in a University Hospital: Part 1. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 814-823.

[34]   Akerjordet, K., Lode, K. and Severinsson, E. (2012) Clinical Nurses’ Research Capacity in a Norwegian University Hospital: Part 2. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 824-832.

[35]   McCance, T., Fitzsimons, D., Keeney, S., Hasson, F. and McKenna, H. (2007) Capacity Building in Nursing and Midwifery Research and Development: An Old Priority with a New Perspective. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 59, 57-67.

[36]   Brown, C.E., Ecoff, L., Kim, S.C., Wickline, M., Rose, B., Klimpel, K. and Glaser, D. (2010) Multi-Institutional Study of Barriers to Research Utilisation and Evidence-Based Practice among Hospital Nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 19, 1944-1951.

[37]   Jamerson, P. and Vermeersch, P. (2012) The Role of the Nurse Research Facilitator in Building Research Capacity in the Clinical Setting. JONA. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 42, 21-27.

[38]   Czerwinski, B.S., Cesario, S.K. and Ashley, M.H. (2004) Integrating Research into Daily Nursing Practice. Journal of Nursing Administration, 34, 117-119.

[39]   Drenkard, K. (2013) Creating a Culture for Advanced Nursing Research. JONA, 43, 245-246.

[40]   Condell, S. and Begley, C. (2007) Capacity Building: A Concept Analysis of the Term Applied to Research. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 13, 268-275.

[41]   Holopainen, A., Junttila, K., Jylhä, V., Korhonen, A. and Seppänen, S. (2013) Johda näyttö käyttöön hoitotyössä [Managing Application of Evidence in Nursing]. The Finnish Nurses Association. Fioca Oy, Helsinki. (in Finnish)

[42]   Willman, A., Stoltz, P. and Bahtsevani, C. (2006) Evidensbaserad Omvårdnad: En bro mellan Forskning och Klinisk verksamhet [Evidence-Based Nursing: A Bridge between Research and Clinical Praxis]. Student Literature AB, Lund. (in Swedish)

[43]   Cooke, J. (2005) A Framework to Evaluate Research Capacity Building in Health Care. BMC Family Practice, 6, 44.

[44]   Akerjordet, K. and Severinsson, E. (2007) Emotional Intelligence: A Review of the Literature with Specific Focus on Empirical and Epistemological Perspectives. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 16, 1405-1416.