Back
 FNS  Vol.6 No.10 , July 2015
Dietary Fat Intake, Micronutritient and Obesity among Adolescent in Tlemcen (Western Algeria)
Abstract: Background: A number of epidemiological studies around the world have shown that the occurred and the high prevalence of some chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, etc. are mainly caused by a high calorie and unbalanced diet associate with reduced physical activity. In Algeria, as in many emerging countries to improve the standard of living of the population and changes in lifestyle, more westernized characterized by abundant food and sedentary lifestyle especially among young people contribute to the increased incidence of these chronic diseases. Objectives: This work consists of a dietary survey conducted among adolescent boys and girls in Tlemcen (Algeria). Subject and Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study of dietary intake of adolescent aged 10 - 17 years and anthropometric parameters: weight, height, body mass index. Results: Increased fat intake was associated with increased body mass index in both sexes, increased obesity and abdominal obesity in girls, boys are more active than girls and we observed decreased intake of sugar, the nutritient adequacy ratio of folate, niacin, vitamin B6, iron, magnesium. Conclusion: The early prevention of obesity in children and adolescents is essential in the prevention of chronic diseases in adults. We recommended adolescent by healthy diets towards helps regulate their body weight and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and some types of cancer and especially the girls by lifestyle more active.
Cite this paper: Allioua, M. , Djaziri, R. , Mahdad, M. , Gaouar, S. , Derradji, H. , Boudjemaa, B. and Belbraouet, S. (2015) Dietary Fat Intake, Micronutritient and Obesity among Adolescent in Tlemcen (Western Algeria). Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 860-868. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.610090.
References

[1]   Drewnowski, A. and Almiron-Roig, E. (2010) Chapter 11 Human Perceptions and Preferences for Fat-Rich Foods. In: Montmayeur, J.P. and Le Coutre, J., Eds., Fat Detection: Taste, Texture, and Post Ingestive Effects, CRC Press, Boca Raton, 265.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK53528/

[2]   Azadbakht, L., Surkan, P.J., Esmaillzadeh, A. and Willett, W.C. (2011) The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Eating Plan Affects C-Reactive Protein, Coagulation Abnormalities, and Hepatic Function Tests among Type 2 Diabetic Patients. Journal of Nutrition, 141, 1083-1088.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.136739

[3]   Esmaillzadeh, A. and Azadbakht, L. (2011) Dietary Energy Density and the Metabolic Syndrome among Iranian Women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 65, 598-605.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2010.284

[4]   Tirosh, A., Shai, I., Afek, A., et al. (2011) Adolescent BMI Trajectory and Risk of Diabetes versus Coronary Disease. The New England Journal of Medicine, 364, 1315-1325.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1006992

[5]   Kavey, R.E., Daniels, S.R., Lauer, R.M., Atkins, D.L., Hayman, L.L. and Taubert, K. (2003) American Heart A: American Heart Association Guidelines for Primary Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Beginning in Childhood. Circulation, 107, 1562-1566.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.0000061521.15730.6E

[6]   Linos, E., Willett, W.C., Cho, E. and Frazier, L. (2010) Adolescent Diet in Relation to Breast Cancer Risk among Premenopausal Women. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 19, 689-696.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0802

[7]   Huang, R.-C. and Beilin, L. (2012) Adolescent BMI Is Independently Associated with the Development of Coronary Heart Disease. Evidence Based Medicine, 17, 35-36.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/ebm.2011.100250

[8]   Inge, T.H., King, W.C., et al. (2013) The Effect of Obesity in Adolescence on Adult Health Status. Pediatrics, 132, 1098-1104.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2013-2185

[9]   World Health Organization 2014-Noncommunicable Diseases (NCD) Country Profiles Algeria.

[10]   Krauss, R.M., Eckel, R.H., Howard, B., et al. (2000) AHA Dietary Guidelines, a Statement for Healthcare Professionals from the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association. Circulation, 102, 2296-311.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.102.18.2284

[11]   Kremmyda, L.S., Tvrzicka, E., Stankova, B. and Zak, A. (2011) Fatty Acids as Biocompounds: Their Role in Human Metabolism, Health and Disease—A Review. Part 2: Fatty Acid Physiological Roles and Applications in Human Health and Disease. Biomedical Papers, 155, 195-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5507/bp.2011.052

[12]   Chevallier, L. (2009) Nutrition: Principes et conseils. Elsevier Health Sciences, Paris.

[13]   Burlingame, B., Nishida, C., Uauy, R. and Weisell, R. (2009) Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition: Introduction. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 55, 5-7.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000228993

[14]   Swinburn, B.A., Sacks, G., Lo, S.K., Westerterp, K.R., Rush, E.C., Rosenbaum, M., Luke, A., Schoeller, D.A., DeLany, J.P., Butte, N.F. and Ravussin, E. (2009) Estimating the Changes in Energy Flux That Characterize the Rise in Obesity Prevalence. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 89, 1723-1728.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2008.27061

[15]   Pepino, M.Y., Finkbeiner, S. and Mennella, J.A. (2009) Similarities in Food Cravings and Mood States between Obese Women and Women Who Smoke Tobacco. Obesity, 17, 1158-1163.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.46

[16]   Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (2014) National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Population Health. CDC, Atlanta. www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/facts.htm

[17]   GSHS (2013) Global School-Based Student Health Survey. Algeria-CDC Global School-Based Student Health Survey. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta.
http://www.cdc.gov/gshs/countries/africa/algeria.htm

[18]   Jenkins, S. and Horner, S.D. (2005) Barriers That Influence Eating Behaviors in Adolescents. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 20, 258-267.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2005.02.014

[19]   Pouraram, H., Abtahi, M., Djazayeri, A., Eshraghian, M.R. and Khodadadi, E. (2013) Dietary Pattern of Adolescent Girls in Relation to Socio-Economic Factors: A Comparison between North and South Tehran. Journal of Paramedical Sciences, 4.

[20]   Farida, A., et al. (2011) Étude de surpoids, de l’obésité et des facteurs associés au surpoids chez les élèves du cycle moyen scolarises dans les collèges publics de l’EPSP Bouzaréah, ALGERIE.

[21]   Cole, T.J., Bellizzi, M.C., Flegal, K.M. and Dietz, W.H. (2000) Establishing a Standard Definition for Child Overweight and Obesity Worldwide: International Survey. British Medical Journal, 320, 1240.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.320.7244.1240

[22]   McCarthy, H.D., Jarrett, K.V. and Crawley, H.F. (2001) Original Communications—The Development of Waist Circumference Percentiles in British Children Aged 5.0 - 16.9 y. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55, 902-907.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601240

[23]   Escott-Stump, S. and Mahan, L. (2008) Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Recommended Intakes for Individuals, Vitamin/Mineral. In: Escott-Stump, S. and Mahan, L., Eds., Krause’s Food & Nutrition Therapy, 12th Edition, Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia.

[24]  
http://www.who.int/chp/steps/GPAQ/en/

[25]   Golden, B.E. (2000) Infancy, Childhood and Adolescence. In: Garrow, J.S., James, W.P.T. and Ralph, A., Eds., Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 10th Edition, Churchill Livingstone, London, 449-451.

[26]   WHO (2011)
http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/pa/en/index.html.

[27]   Ailhaud, G., Massiera, F., Weill, P., Legrand, P., Alessandri, J.M. and Guesnet, P. (2006) Temporal Changes in Dietary Fats: Role of n-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Excessive Adipose Tissue Development and Relationship to Obesity. Progress in Lipid Research, 45, 203-236.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.plipres.2006.01.003

[28]   Rodriguez-Ramirez, S., Mundo-Rosas, V., Garcia-Guerra, A. and Shamah-Levy, T. (2011) Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Overweight and Obesity in Mexican School-Age Children. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, 61, 270-278.

[29]   Hu, F.B. and Malik, V.S. (2010) Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Risk of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: Epidemiologic Evidence. Physiology & Behavior, 100, 47-54.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2010.01.036

[30]   de Koning, L., Malik, V.S., Kellogg, M.D., Rimm, E.B., Willett, W.C. and Hu, F.B. (2012) Sweetened Beverage Consumption, Incident Coronary Heart Disease, and Biomarkers of Risk in Men. Circulation, 125, 1735-1741.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.067017

[31]   Hooper, L., Abdelhamid, A., Moore, H.J., Douthwaite, W., Skeaff, C.M. and Summerbell, C.D. (2012) Effect of Reducing Total Fat Intake on Body Weight: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomised Controlled Trials and Cohort Studies. British Medical Journal, 345, Article ID: e7666.

[32]   Bray, G.A. and Popkin, B.M. (1998) Dietary Fat Intake Does Affect Obesity! The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 68, 1157-1173.

[33]   Aranceta, J. and Pérez-Rodrigo, C. (2012) Recommended Dietary Reference Intakes, Nutritional Goals and Dietary Guidelines for Fat and Fatty Acids: A Systematic Review. British Journal of Nutrition, 107, S8-S22.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0007114512001444

[34]   Keys, A., Menotti, A., Karvonen, M.J., Aravanis, C., Blackburn, H., Buzina, R., et al. (1986) The Diet and 15-Year Death Rate in the Seven Countries Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 124, 903-915.

[35]   Chaturvedi, R. and Singh, N. (2013) Nutritional Factors as Catalyst for Weight Reduction. Nutrition & Food Science, 43, 467-474.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/NFS-09-2012-0098

[36]   Field, A.E., Willett, W.C., Lissner, L. and Colditz, G.A. (2007) Dietary Fat and Weight Gain among Women in the Nurses’ Health Study. Obesity, 15, 967-976.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/oby.2007.616

[37]   Forouhi, N.G., Sharp, S.J., Du, H., van der, A.D.L., Halkjaer, J., Schulze, M.B., et al. (2009) Dietary Fat Intake and Subsequent Weight Change in Adults: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Cohorts. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90, 1632-1641.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.2009.27828

[38]   Lunn, J. and Theobald, H. (2006) The Health Effects of Dietary Unsaturated Fatty Acids. Nutrition Bulletin, 31, 178-224.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-3010.2006.00571.x

[39]   Major, J.C., Alarie, F.P., Doré, J. and Tremblay, A. (2008) Calcium plus Vitamin D Supplementation and Fat Mass Loss in Female Very Low Calcium Consumers: Potential Link with a Calcium-Specific Appetite Control. British Journal of Nutrition, 101, 659-663.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114508030808

[40]   Laville, M., Leston, N. and De Rougemont, A. (2004) Prévention de l'obésité par le calcium. Sciences des aliments, 24, 187-192.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3166/sda.24.187-192

[41]   Davies, K.M., Heaney, R.P., Recker, R.R., Lappe, J.M., Barger-Lux, M.J., Rafferty, K. and Hinders, S. (2000) Calcium Intake and Body Weight. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 85, 4635-4638.

[42]   Kant, A.K. (2003) Interaction of Body Mass Index and Attempt to Lose Weight in a National Sample of US Adults: Association with Reported Food and Nutrient Intake, and Biomarkers. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, 249-259.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601549

[43]   Pérez, C.E. (2002) Consommation de fruits et de légumes. Rapports sur la santé, produit no 82-003, au catalogue de Statistique Canada, Volume 13, 25-34.
http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-625-x/2011001/article/11461-fra.htm

[44]   Crowe, F.L., Roddam, A.W., Key, T.J., Appleby, P.N., Overvad, K., Jakobsen, M.U., et al. (2011) Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Mortality from Ischaemic Heart Disease: Results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Heart Study. European Heart Journal, 32, 1235-1243.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehq465

 
 
Top