IJOHNS  Vol.4 No.4 , July 2015
New Approach in the Management of Adult Epiglottic Abscess—A Case Report
ABSTRACT
Background: Epiglottic abscess in an otherwise healthy adult is seen as a rare sequelae of acute epiglottitis. It is a life threatening condition which requires emergency management, which if not done early, may result in fatality. Respiratory infections, exposure to environmental chemical or trauma which may lead to inflammation and infection of the structures around the throat which may lead on to epiglottitis, and an epiglottis abscess very rarely. In our case, patient was immediately managed by doing an emergency tracheostomy followed by incision and drainage in the OPD (outpatient department). This emphasizes on need for emergency airway management by doing a tracheostomy there by facilitating incision and drainage in a case of epiglottic abscess as a daycare procedure. Aim: The primary aim of this clinical record is to emphasize the need for immediate airway management in epiglottic abscess there by facilitating incision and drainage as an OPD (out-patient department) Procedure. Case Presentation: A 45-year-old man presented to the OPD (outpatient department) with complaints of dysphagia, odynophagia, muffled voice, noisy breathing for the previous 7 hours. On clinical examination pt was in stridor & respiratory distress. Since the pt was in stridor, it was immediately shifted to the OT (operation theatre), and an emergency tracheostomy was done and the airway was secured, following which a video laryngoscopic examination was done in the OPD, which revealed oedematous enlarged epiglottis with pus pointing obscuring the laryngeal inlet. Abscess was incised and drained, and pus was sent for culture & sensitivity. Pt was treated with I. V (intravenous) antibiotics as per culture reports and subsequent video laryngoscopic examination revealed near normal epiglottis with an adequate laryngeal inlet. Conclusion: Patients with epiglottic abscess are at increased risk of airway compromise, hence in such patients airway should be immediately secured by doing an emergency tracheostomy. This case shows the benefits of an emergency tracheostomy for doing incision and drainage for epiglottic abscess as an OPD procedure.

Cite this paper
Kalyanasundaram, R. , Balasubramanian, G. , Thirunavukkarasu, R. and Saroja Durairaju, P. (2015) New Approach in the Management of Adult Epiglottic Abscess—A Case Report. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 4, 290-295. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.44050.
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