MSCE  Vol.3 No.7 , July 2015
Environmental Friendly Lightweight Material from Natural Fibers of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch
ABSTRACT

Indonesia is the most producer of crude palm oil (CPO) worldwide with production more that 25 million tons in 2013. Through increasing production of CPO the wastes generated are growing up as well. The empty fruit bunch of oil palm (EFB) is one of the solid waste (biomass) which is generated at the palm oil mill. Its amount is equivalent to the CPO production, but only about 50% of its weight are good fibers for further usage as industrial raw material. The EFB fiber consists an interesting honey comb/lightweight structure. By mixing the EFB natural fiber with bio binding agent based on potato the environmental friendly materials (biocomposites) can be produced which are 100% biodegadrable. The biocomposites with 2 mm thickness have strengthness about 7 GPa according to the 3 points bending test standard of DIN 53 457. After coating process the environmental friendly lightweight materials with density less than 0.4 g/cm3 will be ready to be implemented for different technical applications.


Cite this paper
Arya, A. , Soeriaatmaja, R. , Hetharia, D. , Surjati, I. , Nasution, B. , Rubijono, R. and Priadi, Y. (2015) Environmental Friendly Lightweight Material from Natural Fibers of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 190-195. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.37025.
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