IJOHNS  Vol.4 No.4 , July 2015
Stylomastoid Foramen Osteoma: Unique Challenges for Appropriate Management
Abstract: Osteoma of the temporal bone is a rare and slow-growing benign tumor. It is reported to affect almost all portions of the temporal bone. However, osteoma involving the stylomastoid foramen has never been reported in the literature. We report a case of an osteoma extending from the stylomastoid foramen and occluding the external auditory canal in a young female. Although the osteoma has very close relationship with the facial nerve, it was removed because of the severity of its associated symptomatology; the osteoma was completely removed without any postoperative complications. This report is of interest as it highlights the challenges in the management of osteomas in such localization.
Cite this paper: Larem, A. , Sheta, S. , Al-Qahtani, A. and Haidar, H. (2015) Stylomastoid Foramen Osteoma: Unique Challenges for Appropriate Management. International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, 4, 277-281. doi: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.44047.

[1]   Probst, L.E., Shankar, L. and Fox, R. (1991) Osteoma of the Mastoid Bone. The Journal of Otolaryngology, 20, 228-230.

[2]   Burton, D.M. and Gonzalez, C. (1991) Mastoid Osteomas. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, 70, 161-162.

[3]   Unal, O.F., Tosun, F., Yetiser, S. and Dündar, A. (2000) Osteoma of the Middle Ear. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 52, 193-195.

[4]   Das, A.K. and Kashyap, R.C. (2005) Osteoma of the Mastoid Bone—A Case Report. Medical Journal Armed Forces India, 61, 86-87.

[5]   Güngör, A., Cincik, H., Poyrazoglu, E., Saglam, O. and Candan, H. (2004) Mastoid Osteomas: Report of Two Cases. Otology & Neurotology, 25, 95-97.

[6]   Fenton, J.E., Turner, J. and Fagan, P.A. (1996) A Histopathologic Review of Temporal Bone Exostoses and Osteomata. The Laryngoscope, 106, 624-628.

[7]   Graham, M.D. (1979) Osteomas and Exostoses of the External Auditory Canal. A Clinical, Histopathologic and Scanning Electron Microscopic Study. Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology, 88, 566-572.

[8]   Tran, L.P., Grundfast, K.M. and Selesnick, S.H. (1996) Benign Lesions of the External Auditory Canal. Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America, 29, 807-825.

[9]   Fisher, E.W. and McManus, T.C. (1994) Surgery for External Auditory Canal Exostoses and Osteomata. The Journal of Laryngology & Otology, 108, 106-110.

[10]   Sheehy, J.L. (1982) Diffuse Exostoses and Osteomata of the External Auditory Canal: A Report of 100 Operations. Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 90, 337-342.

[11]   Yamamoto, E., Iwanaga, M. and Sato, K. (1986) Osteoma with Cholesteatoma in the External Auditory Canal. Practica Oto-Rhino-Laryngologica, 79, 575-578.

[12]   Orita, Y., Nishizaki, K., Fukushima, K., Akagi, H., Ogawa, T., Masuda, Y., Fukazawa, M. and Mori, Y. (1998) Osteoma with Cholesteatoma in the External Auditory Canal. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 43, 289-293.

[13]   Vrabec, J.T. and Chaljub, G. (2000) External Canal Cholesteatoma. The American Journal of Otology, 21, 608-614.

[14]   Mustafa, A. (2012) Osteoma of Mastoid Process Obstructing External Auditory Canal: A Case Report. Health, 4, 222-224.

[15]   Viswanatha, B. (2011) Characteristics of Osteoma of the Temporal Bone in Young Adolescents. Ear, Nose & Throat Journal, 90, 72-79.