Archambault, J., & Chouinard, R. (2009). Towards an Educational Classroom Management (3rd ed.). Boucherville, Quebec: Gaëtan Morin.
 Bandura, A. (1994). Self Efficacy, In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Behavior (l4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press.
 Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York : W.H. Freeman and Co.
 Bandura, A. (2007). Self-Efficiency, the Self-Efficacy Feeling. Bruxelles: De Boeck University.
 Bressoux, P., & Dessus. P. (2003). Teacher Strategies in Interactive Situations. In M. Kail, & M. Fayol (Eds.), Cognitive Science and School: The Question of Learning (pp. 213-257). Paris: PUF.
 Chouinard, R. (1999). Beginner Teachers and Classroom Management Practices. Review of Educational Sciences, 25, 497-514.
 Desbiens, J. F., Borges, C., & Spallanzani, C. (2009). Educational Supervision in Physical Education. Education and Francophonie, 37, 1-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.7202/037649ar
 Desbiens, J. F., Spallanzani, C., Roy, M., Turcotte, S., Lanoue, S., & Tourigny, J. S. (2014). A Multi-Referenced Analysis of the Quality of Learning Climate in Health and Physical Education Student Teaching. Sport Science Review, 23, 5175-5204.
 Doyle, W. (1980). Classroom Management. Document ERIC No. ED206567, Lafayette: Kappa Delta Phi.
 Doyle, W. (1986). Classroom Organization and Management. In M. C. Wittrock (Dir.), Handbook of Research on Teaching (3rd ed., pp. 392-431). New York: Macmillan.
 Dufour, F., & Chouinard, R. (2013). Classroom Management Support System: Testing with Teaching Beginners. Education & Formation, e-299, 52-66.
 Erickson, F., & Shultz, J. (1981). When Is a Context? In J. L. Green, & C. Wallat (Eds.), Ethnography and Language in Educational Settings (pp. 147-160). Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
 Evertson, C. M., & Weinstein, C. S. (2006). Classroom Management as a Field of Inquiry. In C. M. Evertson, & C. S. Weinstein (Eds.), Handbook of Classroom Management: Research, Practice, and Contemporary Issues (pp.3-16). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
 Fortin, M. F. (2010). Fundamentals and Stages of the Research Process. Quantitative and Qualitative Methods (2nd ed.). Montréal: Chenelière éducation.
 Gervais, C., & Desrosiers, P. (2005). The School, a Place of Teacher Training. Questions and Accompanying Benchmarks for Trainees. Sainte-Foy: Laval University Press.
 Heneman III, H. G., Kimball, S., & Milanowski, A. (2006). The Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale: Validation Evidence and Behavioral Prediction. WCER Working Paper No. 2006-7, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Wisconsin Center for Education Research. http://www.wcer.wisc.edu/publications/workingPapers/Working_Paper_No_2006_07.pdf
 Lamarre, A. M. (2004). The Study of the Experience of the First Year of Primary Education in a Phenomenological Hermeneutical Perspective. Recherches Qualitatives, 24, 19-56.
 Léveillé, C. J., & Dufour, F. (1999). The Challenges of Managing Class in High School. Journal of Science of Education, 25, 515-532.
 Martin, N. K., & Baldwin, B. (1996). Helping Beginning Teachers Foster Healthy Classroom Management: Implication for Elementary School Counselors. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 31, 106-113.
 Martineau, S., Gauthier, C., & Desbiens, J. F. (1999). Classroom Management at the Heart of the Teacher Effect. Review of Educational Sciences, 25, 467-496.
 Ménard, L., Legault, F., & Dion, J. S. (2012). Impact of Teacher Training and Supervision in the Sense of Self-Efficacy of New Teachers College. Canadian Journal of Education, 35, 212-231.
 Nault, T., & Fijalkow, J. (1999). Introduction. Classroom Management: From Yesterday to Tomorrow. Review of Educational Sciences, 25, 451-466.
 Nault, T., & Lacourse, F. (2008). Classroom Management. A Skill to Develop. Anjou: CEC Ed.
 Nunally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric Theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.
 Official Journal of the Tunisian Republic (JORT) (2008). Order Fixing the General Framework of the LMD Studies System. Official Journal of the Tunisian Republic (JORT), 79, 3093-3098.
 Ria, L., Sève, C., Durand, M., & Bertone, S. (2004). Uncertainty, Contradiction and Exploration: Three Typical Experiences of Beginning Teachers in Physical Education. Review of Educational Sciences, 30, 535-554.
 Roux-Perez, T. (2006). Representation of the Teaching Profession and Education in Relation to Students in STAPS: Professional Identity Construction. STAPS Review, 73, 57-69. http://dx.doi.org/10.3917/sta.073.69
 Serres, G., Ria, L., Adé, D., & Sève, C. (2006). We Learn to Really Be Involved in Initial Training? The Premises of the Development of Professional Activity in the Dual Training Devices. STAPS Review, 72, 9-20.
 Siegel, S., & Castellan, N. J. (1988). Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.
 Tardif, M. (2006). What Knowledge of Teaching Experience? Bulletin of the High School of Pedagogy Bern, Jura and Neuchatel, 3, 13-16.
 Tschannen-Moran, M., & Woolfook Hoy, A. (2007). The Differential Antecedents of Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Novice and Experienced Teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 23, 944-956. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2006.05.003
 Villeneuve, L. (1994). Tools for Learning. Montreal: Editions Saint-Martin.
 Wubbels, T. (2011). An International Perspective on Classroom: What Should Prospective Teachers Learn? Teaching Education, 22, 113-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10476210.2011.567838