MR  Vol.3 No.3 , July 2015
Changes in Muscle and Collagen Fibers of Fish after Exposure to Urban Pollutants and Biodegradable Detergents
ABSTRACT
Fish populations are sensitive to environmental impact resulting from many factors, as an introduction of exotic species, industrial or residual waste, oil spills, pesticides or other agents that can directly affect the ecology and species survival. Astyanax altiparanae is pelagic and active swimmer specie and can have serious implications on its way of life as changes in muscle structure of fish may occur since the presence of pollutants in the water. In this study we analyze the alterations in Muscle and collagen fibers of the pectoral muscles and pollutants exposed flows contained in water with biodegradable detergents, and water coming from the Blue Lake, River clear-SP (2o24'39"S, 47o33'39"E) diluted. Effects of these exposures were analyzed during the period of seven and thirty days. Compared with acclimatized fish (Astyanax altiparanae) with pure water from an artesian well, the muscle fibers morphology and collagen concentration on them have changed due to the exposure to urban pollutants and biodegradable detergents.

Cite this paper
Ciamarro, C. , Pereira, B. , Alves, R. , Valim, J. , Pitol, D. and Caetano, F. (2015) Changes in Muscle and Collagen Fibers of Fish after Exposure to Urban Pollutants and Biodegradable Detergents. Microscopy Research, 3, 33-40. doi: 10.4236/mr.2015.33005.
References
[1]   Carani, F.R., Aguiar, D.H., De Almeida, F.L.A., Gonçalves, H.S., Padovani, C.R. and Dal Pai-Silva, M. (2008) Morfologia e crescimento do músculo estriado esquelético no pirarucu Arapaima gigas Cuvier, 1817 (Teleostei, Arapaimidae). ActaScientiarum. Biological Sciences, 30, 205-211.

[2]   Schmidt-Nielsen, K. (2010) Fisiologia Animal-Adaptação e Meio Ambiente. 5th Edition, Livraria Santos Editora, São Paulo.

[3]   Santos, V.B. (2007) Aspectos morfológicos da musculatura lateral dos peixes. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca, 33, 127- 135.

[4]   Sato, K., Yoshinaka, R., Itoh, Y. and Sato, M. (1989) Molecular Species of Collagen in the Intramuscular Connective Tissue of Fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 92B, 87-91. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(89)90317-9

[5]   Suarez, M.D., Abad, M., Ruiz-Cara, T., Estrada, J.D. and García-Gallego, M. (2005) Changes in Muscle Collagen Content during Post Mortem Storage of Farmed Sea Bream (Sparus aurata): Influence on Textural Properties. Aqua culture International, 13, 315-325.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10499-004-3405-6

[6]   Hibiya, T. (1982) An Atlas of Fish Histology-Normal and Pathological Features. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart- Hohenheim.

[7]   Suzuki, T., Toshiyuki, H. and Suyama M. (1987) Free Imidazole Compounds in White and Dark Muscles of Migratory Marine Fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 87B, 615-619. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-0491(87)90060-5

[8]   Mumford, S., Heidel, J., Smith, C., Morrison, J., Macconnell, B. and Blazer, V. (2007) Fish Histology and Histopathology. 4th Edition, US Fish & Wildlife Service, West Virginia.

[9]   Wardle, C.S., Videler, J.J. and Altringham, J.D. (1995) Review Tuning in to Fish Swimming Waves: Body Form, Swimming Mode and Muscle Function. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 198, 1629-1636.

[10]   Videler, J.J. (1993) Fish Swimming. Chapman & Hall, London.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-1580-3

[11]   Nomura, H. (1975) Fecundidade, maturação sexual e índicegônado-somático de lambaris do gêneroAstyanax Baird e Girard, 1854 (Osteichthyes, Characidae), relacionados com fatoresambientais. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 35, 775- 798.

[12]   Godoy, M.P. (1975) Peixes do Brasil: Subordem Characoidei. Ed. Franciscana, São Paulo, 4.

[13]   Gomieiro, L.M. and Braga, F.M.S. (2003) O lambari Astyanax altiparanae (Characidae) podeser um dispersor de sementes? Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences, 25, 353-360.

[14]   Human and Environmental Risk Assessment (2009) LAS Human and Environmental Risk Assessment on Ingredients of European Household Cleaning Products: Linear Alkylbenzene Sulfonates. HERA, Brussels.

[15]   Pereira, B.F., Alves, A.L., Senhorini, J.A., Rocha, R.C.G.A., Scalize, P.H., Pitol, D.L. and Caetano, F.H. (2014) Effects of Biodegradable Detergents in Morphological Parameters of Liver in Two Neotropical Fish Species (Prochilodus lineatus and Astyanax altiparanae). Microscopy Research, 2, 39-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/mr.2014.22006

[16]   Paulete, J. and Beçak, W. (1976) Técnicas de Citologia e Histologia. Livros Técnicos e Científicos, São Paulo, 2.

[17]   Pearse, A.G.E. (1985) Histochemistry: Theoretical and Applied. 4th Edition, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, London, Melbourne and New York.

[18]   Barillet, S., Larnoa, V., Floriani, M., Devauxb, A. and Adam-Guillermina, C. (2010) Ultrastructural Effects on Gill, Muscle, and Gonadal Tissues Induced in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) by a Waterborne Uranium Exposure. Aquatic Toxicology, 100, 295-302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.08.002

[19]   Sato, K., Ohashi, C., Ohtsuki, K. and Kawabata, M. (1991) Type V Collagen in Trout (Salmo gairdneri) Muscle and Its Solubility Change during Chilled Storage of Muscle. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 39, 1222-1225. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf00007a005

[20]   Saito, M. and Marumo, K. (2010) Collagen Cross-Links as a Determinant of Bone Quality: A Possible Explanation for Bone Fragility in Aging, Osteoporosis, and Diabetes Mellitus. Osteoporosis International, 21, 195-214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-009-1066-z

 
 
Top