IJOC  Vol.5 No.2 , June 2015
Evaluation of Antibacterial Effect by Using a Fibrous Grafted Material Loaded Ag Ligand
Abstract: To obtain the safety of drinking water, an antibacterial material was prepared by loading silver (Ag) onto fibrous iminodiacetate (IDA) adsorbent, which was synthesized by radiation-induced graft polymerization of glycidyl methacrylate and subsequent chemical modification of the produced epoxy group to an IDA group (IDA-Ag). A total amount of loaded Ag on the IDA-Ag fabric was 0.4 mmol-Ag/g-fabric. From an observation of the IDA-Ag fabric cross section by a scanning electron microscope energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer, Ag was distributed to IDA layer uniformly. As a result of evaluating antibacterial effects by the column mode water flow test with stream water, the effective Ag concentration was monitored 0.05 ppm at irrespective flow rate which was functioned to the antibacterial performance. The antibacterial effects for general bacteria were indicated until BV (BV: steam water volume/IDA-Ag fabric volume) 6000, and for colitis germ legions were completely disinfected until BV 6000.
Cite this paper: Shibata, T. , Seko, N. , Kasai, N. , Hoshina, H. and Ueki, Y. (2015) Evaluation of Antibacterial Effect by Using a Fibrous Grafted Material Loaded Ag Ligand. International Journal of Organic Chemistry, 5, 100-107. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2015.52011.

[1]   Shibata, T., Seko, N., Amada, H., Kasai, N., Saiki, S., Hoshina, H. and Ueki, Y. (2015) Development of an Adsorbent for Cs Removal Synthesized by Radiation-Induced Graft Polymerization. Journal of Ion Exchange, 26, 9-14.

[2]   Yazgan, I., Du, N., Congdon, R., Okello, V. and Sadik, O.A. (2014) Bio-functionalized Poly(amic) Acid Membranes for Absolute Disinfection of Drinking Water. Journal of Membrane Science, 472, 261-271.

[3]   Lim, H.N., Huang, N.M. and Loo, C.H. (2012) Facile Preparation of Graphene-Based Chitosan Films: Enhanced Thermal, Mechanical and Antibacterial Properties. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 358, 525-530.

[4]   Liu, C.X., Zhang, D.R., He, Y., Zhao, X.S. and Bai, R. (2010) Modification of Membrane Surface for Anti-Biofouling Performance: Effect of Anti-Adhesion and Anti-Bacteria Approaches. Journal of Membrane Science, 346, 121-130.

[5]   Qiu, S. and Lai, L. (2013) Antibacterial Properties of Recombinant Human Non-Pancreatic Secretory Phospholipase A2. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 441, 453-456.

[6]   Top, A. and ülkü, S. (2004) Silver, Zinc, and Copper Exchange in a Na-Clinoptilolite and Resulting Effect on Antibacterial Activity. Applied Clay Science, 27, 13-19.

[7]   Hsieh, J.H., Chang, C.C., Li, C., Liu, S.J. and Chang, Y.K. (2010) Effects of Ag Contents on Antibacterial Behaviors of TaON-Ag Nanocomposite Thin Films. Surface & Coatings Technology, 205, 337-340.

[8]   Xi, B., Chu, X., Hu, J., Bhatia, C.S., Danner, A.J. and Yang, H. (2014) Preparation of Ag/TiO2/SiO2 Films via Photo-Assisted Deposition and Adsorptive Self-Assembly for Catalytic Bactericidal Application. Applied Surface Science, 311, 582-592.

[9]   Hsieh, J.H., Yeh, T.H., Hung, S.Y., Chang, S.Y., Wu, W. and Li, C. (2012) Antibacterial and Tribological Properties of TaN-Cu, TaN-Ag, and TaN-(Ag, Cu) Nanocomposite Thin Films. Materials Research Bulletin, 47, 2999-3003.

[10]   Xia, J.H., Hsu, C.T. and Qin, D.D. (2012) Cotton Fibers Nano-TiO2 Composites Prepared by As-Assembly Process and the Photocatalytic Activities. Materials Research Bulletin, 47, 3943-3946.

[11]   Zhao, X.J., Zhao, Q.N., Yu, J.G. and Liu, B.S. (2008) Development of Multifunctional Photoactive Self-Cleaning Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 1424-1430.

[12]   Chi, G.J., Yao, S.W., Fan, J., Zhang, W.G. and Wang, H.Z. (2002) Antibacterial Activity of Anodized Aluminum with Deposited Silver. Surface and Coatings Technology, 157, 162-165.

[13]   Lu, Z.S., Xiao, J., Wang, Y. and Meng, M. (2015) In Situ Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Uniformly Distributedon Polydopamine-Coated Silk Fibers for Antibacterial Application. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 452, 8-14.

[14]   Zhao, Y., Wang, Z.-Q., Zhao, X., Li, W. and Liu, S.-X. (2013) Antibacterial Action of Silver-Doped Activated Carbon Prepared by Vacuum Impregnation. Applied Surface Science, 266, 67-72.

[15]   Chen, C.-Y. and Chen, C.-Y. (2005) Formation of Silver Nanoparticles on a Chelating Copolymer Film Containingiminodiacetic Acid. Thin Solid Films, 484, 68-72.

[16]   Amato, E., Diaz-Fernandez, Y.A., Taglietti, A., Pallavicini, P., Pasotti, L., Cucca, L., Milanese, C., Grisoli, P., Dacarro, C., Fernandez-Hechavarria, J.M. and Necchi, V. (2011) Synthesis, Characterization and Antibacterial Activity against Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria of Biomimetically Coated Silver Nanoparticles. Langmuir, 27, 9165-9173.

[17]   Martinez, S.S., Gallegos, A.A. and Martinez, E. (2004) Electrolytically Generated Silver and Copper Ions to Treat Cooling Water: An Environmentally Friendly Novel Alternative. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 29, 921- 932.

[18]   Seko, N., Basuki, F., Tamada, M. and Yoshii, F. (2004) Rapid Removal of Arsenic(V) by Zirconium(IV) Loaded Phosphoric Chelate Adsorbent Synthesized by Radiation Induced Graft Polymerization. Reactive & Functional Polymers, 59, 235-241.

[19]   Tamada, M., Seko, N. and Yoshii, F. (2004) Application of Radiation-Graft Material for Metal Adsorbent and Crosslinked Natural Polymer for Healthcare Product. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 71, 221-225.

[20]   Seko, N., Tamada, M. and Yoshii, F. (2005) Current Status of Adsorbent for Metal Ions with Radiation Grafting and Crosslinking Techniques. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 236, 21-29.

[21]   Ueki, Y., Seko, N., Hoshina, H. and Tamada, M. (2007) Preparation of Polylactic Acid Nonwoven Fabric—Based Metal Adsorbent by Radiation-Induced Graft Polymerization. Journal of Ion Exchange, 18, 214-219.

[22]   Kuraga, J., Trobradovic, H., Jyo, A., Sugo, T., Tamada, M. and Katakai, A. (2003) Behavior of Iminodiacetate Fiber in Column-Mode Adsorption of Lead (II). Journal of Ion Exchange, 14, 77-80.

[23]   Yamashiro, K., Miyoshi, K., Ishihara, R., Umeno, D., Saito, K., Sugo, T., Yamada, S., Fukunaga, H. and Nagai, M. (2007) High-Throughput Solid-Phase Extraction of Metal Ions Using an Iminodiacetate Chelating Porous Diskprepared by Graft Polymerization. Journal of Chromatography A, 1176, 37-42.

[24]   Konishi, S., Saito, K., Furusaki, S. and Sugo, T. (1992) Sorption Kinetics of Cobalt in Chelating Porous Membrane. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 31, 2722-2727.

[25]   Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan (2003) The Method Established by the Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare Based on the Drinking Water Quality Standard. (In Japanese)