ABSTRACT In the monograph of F. I. Samedova “The application of supercritical fluids in petroleum refining and oil fractions” (Baku, 2014) the results of the use of supercritical fluids in petroleum refining and petroleum products are presented. The investigations were made under the guidance of the corresponding member of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Science, professor F. I. Samedova and representatives of the scientific school she has established: Doctor of Technical Sciences R. Z. Gasanova, Ph.D. A. M. Kasumova, Ph.D. S. Y. Rashidova and N. F. Kafarova, as well as with representatives of the spectral laboratory Ph.D. A. D. Kuliyev and Ph.D. B. M. Aliyev. Scientific editors of the monograph are academics M. I. Rustamov and V. M. Abbasov. The recent advances in term of the possible applications of supercritical extraction processes in the field of oil refining and oil fractions are shown. The analysis of the economic efficiency of supercritical extraction processes using SC CO2 is carried out. The scheme of the pilot plant at the Experimental Plant of the Institute of Petrochemical Processes of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (IPCP of ANAS) is described. The monograph  is intended for researchers, graduate students, engineers and graduate students engaged in the development and introduction of new energy-saving and environmentally friendly technologies for oil refining and oil fractions. In order to find the ways to create energy-efficient, environmentally-friendly technologies in 1970 the use of supercritical fluids as solvents in cleaning processes, extraction, separation and fractionation are proposed. This approach can lead to the creation of environmentally friendly processes in the food, perfumery, pharmaceutical, oil, coal processing industry and in the field of polymer processing. Considering the need of creation of environmentally friendly and energy-saving technologies in the oil refining industries, in 2000 IPCP of ANAS began the research on the intensification of processes used in the oil industry-oil refining and heavy fractions of water, salts and solids, high molecular heteroatomic compounds: resinous-asphaltene substances including the metals using a supercritical fluid. The monograph highlights the results of studies on the use of supercritical fluid SC CO2 emissions from petroleum refining and oil fractions with a view to their intensification and ecological rehabilitation of the environment.
Cite this paper
Samedova, F. , Gasanova, R. , Kasumova, A. , Rashidova, S. , Kuliyev, A. , Aliyev, B. and Kafarova, N. (2015) Summary of the Monograph of F. I. Samedova “The Application of Supercritical Fluids in Petroleum and Oil Fractions Refining”. Voice of the Publisher, 1, 17-25. doi: 10.4236/vp.2015.11003.
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