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 AJIBM  Vol.5 No.6 , June 2015
The Effect of Corporate Philanthropy on Organization Commitment and Job Performance of Employees: Workplace Spirituality as Mediating Variable
Abstract: The article is aimed at examining the effect of corporate philanthropy on employees' organization commitment and job performance through the angle of workplace spirituality. For this purpose, the data were collected from 347 employees working in different corporations in Beijing. By regression analysis, we found that corporate philanthropy had a positive effect on organization commitment and job performance, meanwhile workplace spirituality played a partly mediating role. All the alternate hypotheses of the study were accepted. According to these research results, it is suggested that corporations should engage in philanthropy activities and take some other measures for promoting employees’ workplace spirituality.
Cite this paper: Ke, J. , Qiu, X. and Jiang, Y. (2015) The Effect of Corporate Philanthropy on Organization Commitment and Job Performance of Employees: Workplace Spirituality as Mediating Variable. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 466-473. doi: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.56046.
References

[1]   Bateman, T. and Strasser, S.A. (1984) Longitudinal Analysis of the Antecedents of Organizational Commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21, 95-112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/255959

[2]   Meyer, J.P. and Allen, N.J. (1990) The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.

[3]   Chen, X. and Duan, X. (2003) Organizational Commitment Review. Science of Science and Management of S. & T., 7, 23-26.

[4]   Rotundo, M. and Sackett, P.R. (2002) The Relative Importance of Task, Citizenship, and Counterproductive Performance to Global Aspects of Job Performance: A Policy-Capturing Approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 66-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.1.66

[5]   Porter, M. and Kramer, M. (2002) The Competitive Advantage of Corporate Philanthropy. Harvard Business Review, 80, 56-69.

[6]   Ke, J., Wu, D. and Fan, L. (2014) Research Advances in the Measurements, Causes and Effects of Corporate Philanthropic Behavior. China Human Resource Development, 305, 31-37.

[7]   Gardberg, N.A. and Fombrun, C.J. (2006) Corporate Citizenship: Creating Intangible Assets Across Institutional Environment. Academy of Management Review, 31, 329-346.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2006.20208684

[8]   Wang, H.L. and Qian, C.L. (2011) Corporate Philanthropy and Corporate Financial Performance: The Roles of Stakeholder Response and Political Access. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 1159-1181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2009.0548

[9]   Wu, S. (2014) Study on Utility Philanthropy of Corporations. Cross-Cultural Communication, 10, 197-200.

[10]   Ke, J., Sun, J. and Wu, D. (2015) Corporate Philanthropic Behavior Scale and Its Impact on Employees’ workplace spirituality. Research on Economic and management, 35,100-108.

[11]   Balakrishnan, R., Sprinkle, G.B. (2011) Contracting Benefits of Corporate Giving: An Experimental Investigation. The Accounting Review, 86, 1887-1907.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2308/accr-10127

[12]   Ke, J., Sun, J. and Qiu, X. (2014) Cross-Case Study on the Effects of Corporate Philanthropy on Employees’ Work Attitudes and Behaviors. Journal of Management Case Study, 12, 436-448.

[13]   Ashmos, D.P. and Duchon, D. (2000) Spirituality at Work: A Conceptualization and Measure. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9, 134-145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/105649260092008

[14]   Milliman, J., Czaplewski, A.J. and Ferguson, J. (2003) Workplace Spirituality and Employee Work Attitudes: An Exploratory Empirical Assessment. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 16, 426-447.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534810310484172

[15]   Riasudeen, S. and Prabavathy, R. (2011) Relationship of Workplace Spirituality and Work Attitude in Manufacturing Organization. Global Management Review, 5, 29-37.

[16]   Rego, A. and Cunha, M.P. (2008) Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 21, 53-75.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534810810847039

[17]   Rastgar, A.A., Zarei, A., Davoudi, S.M .M. and Fartash, K. (2012) The Link between Workplace Spirituality, Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Job Performance in Iran. Arth Prabhand: A Journal of Economics and Management, 6, 51-67.

[18]   Liu, Z. (2006) The Study on the Relationship between Employee Perceptions of Corporate Reputation and Employee Affective Commitment. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou.

[19]   Cropanzano, R. and Mitchell, M.S. (2005) Social Exchange Theory, an Interdisciplinary Review. Journal of Management, 31, 874-900.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206305279602

[20]   Morad, R.D., Mehrdad, G.C. and Roghayeh, B. (2012) Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Employee Job Performance in Guilan Public Sector. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2, 1735-1741.

[21]   Muhammad, R., Islamabad, P., Dil, J.K. and Fawad, S. (2011) Relationship of Job Involvement with Employee Performance: Moderating Role of Attitude. European Journal of Business and Management, 8, 77-85.

[22]   Ke, J., Qiu, X. and Ding, Q. (2014) The Influence of Spiritual Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Job Performance of Subordinates—Workplace Spirituality as Mediator. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Public Administration (ICPA 10th), Chengdu, 24-26 October 2014, 175-182.

[23]   Tajfel, H. (1978) Differentiation Between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Inter Group Relations. Academic Press, Waltham.

[24]   Williams, L.J. and Anderson, S.E. (1991) Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitments as Predictors of Organizational Citizenship and In-Role Behaviors. Journal of Management, 17, 601-617.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014920639101700305

[25]   Rman, P. and Zboja, J.J. (2006) The Effects of Employee Attitudes on Workplace Charitable Donations. Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, 10, 41-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J054v16n01_03

[26]   Bateman, T. and Strasser, S.A. (1984) Longitudinal Analysis of the Antecedents of Organizational Commitment. Academy of Management Journal, 21, 95-112.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/255959

[27]   Meyer, J.P. and Allen, N.J. (1990) The Measurement and Antecedents of Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to the Organization. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 63, 1-18.

[28]   Chen, X. and Duan, X. (2003) Organizational Commitment Review. Science of Science and Management of S. & T., 7, 23-26.

[29]   Rotundo, M. and Sackett, P.R. (2002) The Relative Importance of Task, Citizenship, and Counterproductive Performance to Global Aspects of Job Performance: A Policy-Capturing Approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 66-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.87.1.66

[30]   Porter, M. and Kramer, M. (2002) The Competitive Advantage of Corporate Philanthropy. Harvard Business Review, 80, 56-69.

[31]   Ke, J., Wu, D. and Fan, L. (2014) Research Advances in the Measurements, Causes and Effects of Corporate Philanthropic Behavior. China Human Resource Development, 305, 31-37.

[32]   Gardberg, N.A. and Fombrun, C.J. (2006) Corporate Citizenship: Creating Intangible Assets Across Institutional Environment. Academy of Management Review, 31, 329-346.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2006.20208684

[33]   Wang, H.L. and Qian, C.L. (2011) Corporate Philanthropy and Corporate Financial Performance: The Roles of Stakeholder Response and Political Access. Academy of Management Journal, 54, 1159-1181.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/amj.2009.0548

[34]   Wu, S. (2014) Study on Utility Philanthropy of Corporations. Cross-Cultural Communication, 10, 197-200.

[35]   Ke, J., Sun, J. and Wu, D. (2015) Corporate Philanthropic Behavior Scale and Its Impact on Employees’ workplace spirituality. Research on Economic and management, 35,100-108.

[36]   Balakrishnan, R., Sprinkle, G.B. (2011) Contracting Benefits of Corporate Giving: An Experimental Investigation. The Accounting Review, 86, 1887-1907.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2308/accr-10127

[37]   Ke, J., Sun, J. and Qiu, X. (2014) Cross-Case Study on the Effects of Corporate Philanthropy on Employees’ Work Attitudes and Behaviors. Journal of Management Case Study, 12, 436-448.

[38]   Ashmos, D.P. and Duchon, D. (2000) Spirituality at Work: A Conceptualization and Measure. Journal of Management Inquiry, 9, 134-145.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/105649260092008

[39]   Milliman, J., Czaplewski, A.J. and Ferguson, J. (2003) Workplace Spirituality and Employee Work Attitudes: An Exploratory Empirical Assessment. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 16, 426-447.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534810310484172

[40]   Riasudeen, S. and Prabavathy, R. (2011) Relationship of Workplace Spirituality and Work Attitude in Manufacturing Organization. Global Management Review, 5, 29-37.

[41]   Rego, A. and Cunha, M.P. (2008) Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 21, 53-75.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09534810810847039

[42]   Rastgar, A.A., Zarei, A., Davoudi, S.M .M. and Fartash, K. (2012) The Link between Workplace Spirituality, Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Job Performance in Iran. Arth Prabhand: A Journal of Economics and Management, 6, 51-67.

[43]   Liu, Z. (2006) The Study on the Relationship between Employee Perceptions of Corporate Reputation and Employee Affective Commitment. Zhejiang University, Hangzhou.

[44]   Cropanzano, R. and Mitchell, M.S. (2005) Social Exchange Theory, an Interdisciplinary Review. Journal of Management, 31, 874-900.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0149206305279602

[45]   Morad, R.D., Mehrdad, G.C. and Roghayeh, B. (2012) Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Employee Job Performance in Guilan Public Sector. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 2, 1735-1741.

[46]   Muhammad, R., Islamabad, P., Dil, J.K. and Fawad, S. (2011) Relationship of Job Involvement with Employee Performance: Moderating Role of Attitude. European Journal of Business and Management, 8, 77-85.

[47]   Ke, J., Qiu, X. and Ding, Q. (2014) The Influence of Spiritual Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Job Performance of Subordinates—Workplace Spirituality as Mediator. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Public Administration (ICPA 10th), Chengdu, 24-26 October 2014, 175-182.

[48]   Tajfel, H. (1978) Differentiation Between Social Groups: Studies in the Social Psychology of Inter Group Relations. Academic Press, Waltham.

[49]   Williams, L.J. and Anderson, S.E. (1991) Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitments as Predictors of Organizational Citizenship and In-Role Behaviors. Journal of Management, 17, 601-617.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014920639101700305

[50]   Rman, P. and Zboja, J.J. (2006) The Effects of Employee Attitudes on Workplace Charitable Donations. Journal of Nonprofit & Public Sector Marketing, 10, 41-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J054v16n01_03

 
 
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