ENG  Vol.7 No.6 , June 2015
Pressure Surge Dependence on Valve Operations in a Pipeline Loading System
Abstract
This paper discusses the influence of valve operations on pressure surge in a pipeline. The valve is a protective type which remains open in a pipeline loading system during normal operation but shut down the system when there is an emergency such as storm. The data for the study were obtained from measurements at Agbada 1 flow station as well as log sheets. Also, calculations were made using existing and derived formulas to obtain the values of Crude Oil and Pipe parameters that could not be measured directly or derived from data or log sheets. Surge analysis was carried out on the pipeline system to ascertain changes in pressure and flow rates along the pipeline following valve shut down at any time using developed pressure and flow equations. The results of the simulation analysis showed remarkable changes in the fluid pressure and flow rates along the pipe on shut down at any time. The pipeline recorded the highest pressure of 37.4 bar against initial pressure of 25 bar at length 6000 m in 1.5 second valve closure. There is also remarkable pressure drop along the pipe capable of reducing the crude oil pressure below its vapour pressure. The flow is turbulent even before valve operation with Reynolds number as high as 57024.53. The model equations compute changes in pressure and flow rates at different points in a pipeline installed with emergency-relief coupling valve. This enables point of extreme and low pressure to be detected accurately in a pipeline which guides the engineer while positioning surge suppression devices which cushion the effects of pressure surge in any pipeline.

Cite this paper
Lebele-Alawa, B. and Oparadike, F. (2015) Pressure Surge Dependence on Valve Operations in a Pipeline Loading System. Engineering, 7, 322-330. doi: 10.4236/eng.2015.76028.
References

[1]   Stone, G.D. (2013) Avoiding Pressure Surge Damage in Pipeline Systems. SE Asia, Feb Publishers, Australia.

[2]   Voith Industrial Services (2014) Pressure Surges: Analysis and Prevention.
www.voith.com

[3]   Lebele-Alawa, B.T. and Oparadike, F.E. (2011) Analysis of the Effects of Valve Propagated Pressure Surge on Pipe Flow. Engineering, 3, 1098-1101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/eng.2011.311137

[4]   Cla-Val, A. (2013) Surge Analysis and Control.
www.cal-val.com

[5]   Jung, B.S., Boulos, P.F. and Don, J.W. (2009) Effect of Pressure-Sensitive Demand on Surge Analysis. Journal of American Water Works Association, (AWWA), 101, 103-111.

[6]   Sunrise Systems Customer Education Training Manual (2008) Modeling Pipeline and Utility Systems Using Pipenet Vision.
www.sunrise-sys.com

[7]   Rajput, R.K. (2004) A Textbook of Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulic Machines. S. Chand and Company Ltd., New Delhi.

[8]   Eastop, T.D. and McConkey, A. (1993) Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologists. Prentice Hall, Singapore.

[9]   Lebele-Alawa, B.T. (2007) Effects of Compressor-Blade Profile Change on Gas-Turbine Performance. Ph.D. Thesis, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt.

 
 
Top