JGIS  Vol.7 No.3 , June 2015
GIS Technique in Management of Watershed Developed along the Konkan Coast, Maharashtra, India
Author(s) Bhavana Umrikar
ABSTRACT
Coastal watersheds differ from inland by their unique features including proximity to the ocean, weather and rainfall patterns, drainage system, subsurface aquifer conditions and geomorphological units. Land use changes and competing needs for water resources are especially more distinctive to such watersheds. This difference leads to put forward the Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM), and is deemed to provide an operational tool for future researchers, developers and policy makers. Some important attributes necessary for watershed management in terms of land capability zonation include drainage, altitude, geology and slopes. The paper incorporates results of representative watershed namely Shringar Tali watershed. GIS technique was used to generate layers like drainage and springs, geology, contour, slopes and Digital Elevation Model (DEM), essential for watershed management. On the basis of interpretation of layers and superimposed picture obtained, Land Capability Zonation Map (LCZM) was prepared. The scope for spring sanctuary development, agro-forestry and aquaculture development is discussed in the paper.

Cite this paper
Umrikar, B. (2015) GIS Technique in Management of Watershed Developed along the Konkan Coast, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Geographic Information System, 7, 280-293. doi: 10.4236/jgis.2015.73022.
References
[1]   Indian National Committee for IHP (1981) Watershed Management in India. HYDCOM Report, CSIR Publ., New Delhi, 56p.

[2]   Singh, R.V. (2000) Watershed Planning and Management. Yash Publishing House, Bikaner, 459p.

[3]   Umrikar, B.N., Dhanve, S.S., Dagde, G.R. and Gawai, R.O. (2013) Quantitative Geomorphological Analysis for Characterization of Selected Watersheds in Western Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Remote Sensing & Geosciences (IJRSG), 2, 8-15.

[4]   Jadhav, F.J., Umrikar, B.N. and Thigale, S.S. (2001) Impact of Coastal Processes on the Watersheds along Coast of Western Maharashtra. In: Seminar Vol. An Integrated Approach for Strengthening and Protecting Drinking Water Sources, G.S.D.A., Pune, 17-24.

[5]   Thigale, S.S., Duraiswami, R.A. and Umrikar, B.N. (2006) Some Hydrogeological Aspects of the Shallow Beach Rock (Calc-Arenite) Aquifers along Maharashtra Coast, India. In: Xu, Y.J. and Singh, V.P., Eds., Coastal Environment and Water Quality International conference Book, Section 2: Saltwater Intrusion, Water Resources Publ., LLC., Baton Rouge, 9.

[6]   Umrikar, B.N. and Thigale, S.S. (2007) Sea Water Ingress Study along the Guhagar Coast of Maharashtra with Reference to the Harmonious Water Resource Development. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 69, 933-942.

[7]   Maggirwar, B.C. and Umrikar, B.N. (2009) Possibility of Artificial Recharge in Overdeveloped Miniwatersheds: RS-GIS Approach. e-Journal, Earth Science India, 2, 101-110.
http://www.earthscienceindia.info

[8]   Malczewski, J. (2003) GIS-Multicriteria Evaluation with Ordered Weighted Averaging (OWA): Case Study of Developing Watershed Management Strategies. Environmental and Planning, 35, 1769-1784. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/a35156

[9]   Shaban, A. (2005) Watershed Characteristics, Land Use and Fabric: The Application of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management, 10, 85-92.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1770.2005.00264.x

[10]   Powar, K.B. (1981) Lineament Fabric and Dyke Pattern in the Western Part of the Deccan Volcanic Province. Proceedings of the Group Discussion, Deccan Volcanic and Related Basalt Provinces in Other Parts of the World, Memoir Geological Society of India, v. 36, 45-57.

[11]   Qureshy, M.N. (1982) Gravity Anomalies, Isostasy and Crust Mantle Relations in the Deccan Trap and Contiguous Regions, India. In: Subbarao, K.V. and Sukheswala, R.N., Eds., Deccan Volcanism and Related Basalt Provinces in other Parts of the World, Memoir Geological Society of India, v. 3, 184-197.

[12]   Widdowson, M. and Mitchell, C. (1999) Large-Scale Stratigraphical, Structural and Geomorphological Constraints on Earthquakes in the Southern Deccan Traps, India. The Case for Denudationally Driven Seismicity. Memoir Geological Society of India, 43, 425-452.

[13]   Horton, R.E. (1945) Erosional Development of Streams and Drainage Basins, Hydrogeological Approach to Qualitative Morphology. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 26, 275-370.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1945)56[275:EDOSAT]2.0.CO;2

[14]   Basak, P.G. and Prabha Sanker, P.N. (1984) Development of Springs in the Western Ghats. In: (Nair, K.S.S.; Gnanaharan, R. and Kedharnath, S., Eds., Ecodevelopment of Western Ghats, Kerala Forest Research Inst. publ., Peechi, 178-180.

[15]   Umrikar, B.N. (2004) Development of Spring Sanctuary: Case Study of Guhagar Area, District Ratnagiri, Maharashtra. Journal of Gondwana Geological Society India, 19, 183-189.

[16]   Cooke, T. (1901-1908) The Flora of the Presidency of Bombay. Taylor and Francis, London, 672 p.

[17]   Kulkarni, B.G. (1988) Flora of Sindhudurg. Bot. Surv. Ind. publ., Calcutta, 605 p.

[18]   Central Institute of Fisheries Education (1994) Management of Giant Freshwater Prawn Hatchery. CIFE publ., Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Mumbai, 138 p.

 
 
Top