IJAA  Vol.5 No.2 , June 2015
The Basics of Flat Space Cosmology
Abstract: We present a new model of cosmology which appears to show great promise. Our flat space cosmology model, using only four basic and reasonable assumptions, derives highly accurate Hubble parameter H0, Hubble radius R0 and total mass M0 values for our observable universe. Our model derives a current Hubble parameter of , in excellent agreement with the newly reported (lower limit) results of the 2015 Planck Survey. Remarkably, all of these derivations can be made with only these basic assumptions and the current CMB radiation temperature . The thermodynamic equations we have generated follow Hawking’s black hole temperature formula. We have also derived a variety of other useful cosmological formulae. These include angular velocity and other rotational formulae. A particularly useful hyperbolic equation, , has been derived, which appears to be an excellent fit for the Planck scale as well as the current observable universe scale. Using the flat space Minkowski relativistic formula for Doppler effect, and a formula for staging our cosmological model according to its average mass-energy density at every Hubble time (universal age) in its expansion, a persuasive argument can be made that the observable phenomena attributed to dark energy are actually manifestations of Doppler and gravitational redshift. Finally, a theory of cosmic inflation becomes completely unnecessary because our flat space cosmology model is always at critical density.
Cite this paper: Tatum, E. , Seshavatharam, U. and Lakshminarayana, S. (2015) The Basics of Flat Space Cosmology. International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5, 116-124. doi: 10.4236/ijaa.2015.52015.

[1]   Mitra, A. (2013) Energy of Einstein’s Static Universe and Its Implications for the ΛCDM Cosmology. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 03, 7.

[2]   Tatum, E.T. (2015) Could Our Universe Have Features of a Giant Black Hole? Journal of Cosmology, 25. (Part I, in Press)

[3]   Tatum, E.T. (2015) How a Black Hole Universe Theory Might Resolve Some Cosmological Conundrums. Journal of Cosmology, 25. (Part II, in Press)

[4]   Seshavatharam, U.V.S. and Lakshminarayana, S. (2014) Friedmann Cosmology: Reconsideration and New Results. International Journal of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Space Science, 1, 16-26.

[5]   Seshavatharam, U.V.S. and Lakshminarayana, S. (2015) Primordial Hot Evolving Black Holes and the Evolved Primordial Cold Black Hole Universe. Frontiers of Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology, 1, 16-23.

[6]   Pathria, R.K. (1972) The Universe as a Black Hole. Nature, 240, 298-299.

[7]   Hawking, S.W. (1975) Particle Creation by Black Holes. Communications in Mathematical Physics, 43, 199-220.

[8]   Steinhardt, P.J. (2011) The Inflation Debate: Is the Theory at Heart of Modern Cosmology Deeply Flawed? Scientific American, 304, 18-25.

[9]   Planck Collaboration: Planck 2015 Results. XIII. Cosmological Parameters.

[10]   Fixsen, D.J. (2009) The Temperature of the Cosmic Microwave Background. The Astrophysical Journal, 707, 916.

[11]   Hubble, E.P. (1929) A Relation between Distance and Radial Velocity among Extra-Galactic Nebulae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 15, 168-173.

[12]   Hubble, E.P. (1947) The 200-Inch Telescope and Some Problems It May Solve. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 59, 153-167.

[13]   Milgrom, M. (1983) A Modification of the Newtonian Dynamics as a Possible Alternative to the Hidden Mass Hypothesis. Astrophysical Journal, 270, 365-370.

[14]   Brownstein, J.R. and Moffat, J.W. (2006) Galaxy Rotation Curves without Non-Baryonic Dark Matter. The Astrophysical Journal, 636, 721-741.

[15]   Chadwick, E.A., Hodgkinson, T.F. and McDonald, G.S. (2013) Gravitational Theoretical Development Supporting MOND. Physical Review D, 88, Article ID: 024036.

[16]   Perlmutter, S., Gabi, S., Goldhaber, G., Goobar, A., Groom, D.E., Hook, I.M., et al. (1997) Measurements of the Cosmological Parameters Ω and Λ from the First Seven Supernovae at z ≥ 0.35. Astrophysical Journal, 483, 565-581.

[17]   Dicke, R.H. (1970) Gravitation and the Universe. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia.

[18]   Guth, A.H. (1997) The Inflationary Universe. Basic Books, New York.

[19]   Longo, M.J. (2011) Detection of a Dipole in the Handedness of Spiral Galaxies with Redshifts z~0.04. Physics Letters B, 699, 224-229.

[20]   Sivaram, C. and Arun, K. (2012) Primordial Rotation of the Universe, Hydrodynamics, Vortices and Angular Momenta of Celestial Objects. The Open Astronomy Journal, 5, 7-11.