JSEMAT  Vol.5 No.3 , July 2015
Plasma Treatment for Preparing Durable Water Repellent and Anti-Stain Synthetic Fabrics for Automotive Applications
Abstract: This paper describes the development of a plasma process to produce a durable water repellent and anti-stain thin film on synthetic textile, utilized for the upholstery in the automotive field. The coatings were deposited in non equilibrium low pressure plasmas fed with 1H, 1H, 2H-perfluo-ro- 1-decene employing, as substrates, polyethylene terephthalate and polyethylene terephthalate thermo-coupled to polyurethane foam. It was found that the XPS F/C ratio of the deposit was higher than 1.4 and that the treated textile was always very hydrophobic (WCA > 140?) and oil resistant (motor oil CA > 110?), even after wear.
Cite this paper: Vietro, N. , Belforte, L. , Lambertini, V. , Placenza, B. and Fracassi, F. (2015) Plasma Treatment for Preparing Durable Water Repellent and Anti-Stain Synthetic Fabrics for Automotive Applications. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 5, 103-109. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2015.53012.

[1]   Chan, C.-M. (1994) Polymer Surface Modification and Characterization. Hanser Publishers, Munich.

[2]   Vohrer, U., Muller, M. and Oehr, C. (1998) Glow-Discharge Treatment for the Modification of Textiles. Surface and Coatings Technology, 98, 1128-1131.

[3]   Hesse, A., Thomas, H., Hocker, H. and Zero, A.O.X. (1995) Shrink Proofing Treatment for Wool Top and Fabric: Part I: Glow Discharge Treatment. Textile Research Journal, 65, 355-361.

[4]   Zhang, W., Luo, Y., Wang, H., Jiang, J., Pu, S. and Chu, P.K. (2008) Ag and Ag/N2 Plasma Modification of Polyethylene for the Enhancement of Antibacterial Properties and Cell Growth/Proliferation. Acta Biomaterialia, 4, 2028-2036.

[5]   Tsafack, M.J. and Levallois-Grutzmacher, J. (2006) Flame Retardancy of Cotton Textiles by Plasma-Induced Graft- Polymerization (PIGP). Surface and Coatings Technology, 201, 2599-2610.

[6]   Hossain, M.M., Herrmann, A.S. and Hegemann, D. (2006) Plasma Hydrophilization Effect on Different Textile Structures. Textile Research Journal, 65, 299-307.

[7]   Poll, H.U., Schladitz, U. and Schreiter, S. (2001) Penetration of Plasma Effects into Textile Structures. Surface and Coatings Technology, 142-144, 489-493.

[8]   Yip, J., Chan, K., Sin, K.M. and Lau, K.S. (2002) Low Temperature Plasma-Treated Nylon Fabrics. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 123, 5-12.

[9]   N.N. ITB Veredlung (1995) 22-24.

[10]   Sigurdsson, S. and Shishoo, R. (1997) Surface Properties of Polymers Treated with Tetrafluoromethane Plasma. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 66, 1591-1601.

[11]   Hodak, S.K., Supasai, T., Paosawatyanyong, B., Kamlangkla, K. and Pavarajarn, V. (2008) Enhancement of the Hydrophobicity of Silk Fabrics by SF6 Plasma. Applied Surface Science, 254, 4744-4749.

[12]   Sun, D. and Stylios, G.K. (2006) Fabric Surface Properties Affected by Low Temperature Plasma Treatment. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 173, 172-177.

[13]   Li, S. and Jinj, D. (2007) Improvement of Hydrophobic Properties of Silk and Cotton by Hexafluoropropene Plasma Treatment. Applied Surface Science, 253, 5051-5055.