Health  Vol.7 No.5 , May 2015
Sonographic Estimation of Visceral Adipose Tissue in an African Population
Abstract: Purpose: To establish normal values of sonographically-quantified visceral adipose tissue (VAT) in an African population and to correlate results with biomarkers. Patients and Methods: 100 male and 150 female volunteers were scanned for intra-abdominal adipose tissue thickness. Other parameters obtained include BMI, WC, and blood pressure (BP). Pearson correlation coefficient (r) was used to estimate the degree of relationship in VAT, BMI, WC, and blood pressure. Results: The mean VAT thickness was 25.36 ± 16.42 mm. VAT correlated positively and linearly with age (r = 0.651; p < 0.05), BMI (males: r = 0.745, p < 0.05, and females: r = 0.736; p < 0.05), WC (males: r = 0.797, p < 0.05; females: r = 0.779, p < 0.05), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure. (Systolic: r = 0.524, p < 0.05, and diastolic: r = 0.535, p <0.05). Conclusion: Ultrasound is a useful tool in assessing VAT during routine scans to identify patients at risk of increased blood pressure and cardiac diseases associated with obesity.
Cite this paper: Adejoh, T. , Ugochinyere, I. , Onwuzu, S. , Bobouin, N. and Moi, A. (2015) Sonographic Estimation of Visceral Adipose Tissue in an African Population. Health, 7, 653-658. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.75077.

[1]   Shuster, A., Patias, M., Pinthus, J.H. and Mourtzakis, M. (2012) The Clinical Importance of Visceral Adiposity: A Critical Review of Methods for Visceral Adipose Tissue Analysis. British Journal of Radiology, 85, 1-10.

[2]   Tarantino, G., Lobello, R., Scopacasa, F., Contaldo, F., Pasanisi, F., Cirillo, M., et al. (2007) The Contribution of Omental Adipose Tissue to Adipokine Concentrations in Patients with the Metabolic Syndrome. Clinical & Investigative Medicine, 30, E192-E199.

[3]   Shen, W., Wang, Z.M. and Heymsfield, S.B. (2003) Adipose Tissue Quantification by Imaging Methods: A Proposed Classification. Obesity Research, 11, 5-16.

[4]   Jung, C.-H., Kim, B.-Y., Kim, K.-J., Jung, S.-H., Kim, C.-H., Kang, S.-K. and Mok, J.-O. (2014) Contribution of Subcutaneous Abdominal Fat on Ultrasonography to Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Cardiovascular Diabetology, 13, 67.

[5]   Després, J.P. and Lemieux, I. (2006) Abdominal Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome. Nature, 444, 881-887.

[6]   Steinberger, J. and Daniels, S.R. (2003) Obesity, Insulin Resistance, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Risk in Children. Circulation, 107, 1448-1453.

[7]   Stolk, R.P., Wink, O., Zelissen, P.M.J., Meijer, R., van Gils, A.P.G. and Grobbee, D.E. (2001) Validity and Reproducibility of Ultrasonography for the Measurement of Intra-Abdominal Adipose Tissue. International Journal of Obesity, 25, 1346-1351.

[8]   Kunesová, M., Hainer, V., Hergetová, H., Zák, A., Parízková, J., Horejs, J. and Stich, V. (1995) Simple Anthropometric Measurements—Relation to Body Fat Mass, Visceral Adipose Tissue and Risk Factors of Atherogenesis. Sb Lek, 96, 257-267.

[9]   Janssen, I., Katzmarzyk, P.T. and Ross, R. (2004) Waist Circumference and Not Body Mass Index Explains Obesity- Related Health Risk. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 79, 379-384.

[10]   Stolk, R.P., Meijer, R., Mali, W.P.T.M., Grobbee, D.E. and Graaf, Y. (2003) Ultrasound Measurements of Intraabdominal Fat Estimate the Metabolic Syndrome Better than Do Measurements of Waist Circumference. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 77, 857-860.

[11]   Rhéaume, C., Arsenault, B.J., Bélanger, S., Pérusse, L., Tremblay, A., Bouchard, C., Poirier, P. and Després, J.P. (2009) Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness Levels and Elevated Blood Pressure: What Is the Contribution of Visceral Adiposity? Hypertension, 54, 91-97.