En13749 (2005) Railway Applications-Wheelsets and Bogies-Method of Specifying Structural Requirements of Bogie Frames.
 Zhang S.G. (2009) Study on the Design Method of High Speed Train. China Railway Publishing House, Beijing.
 Clough, R. and Penzien, J. (2006) Dynamics of Structures. Chinese Edition, Higher Education Press, Beijing.
 BSI (1993) BS7608: Code of Practice for Fatigue Design and Assessment of Steel Structures. British Standards Institution, London.