TI  Vol.6 No.2 , May 2015
Quantitative Research on Trade in Value-Added and Emissions Responsibility in Global Value Chain
Abstract: The obvious defects of traditional trade statistics methods are shown under the circumstances of international production fragmentation and highly integrated network, and the related problems of greenhouse gas emissions during the value-added process of products are also being focused. How to use qualitative research to measure the residual greenhouse gas in the global industrial chain during the value-added process of products in exporting countries is the key point of this research. This paper summarizes the characteristics of value-added industrial development through sorting out the relevant data of the value-added conditions of global value chain, based on the latest released TiVA database of OECD. Then, the paper selects five time nodes of 12 countries, quantifies the responsibilities of the remains of greenhouse gases in exporting countries, based on value-added part under the trade transaction, and further quantifies the corresponding responsibilities of the emission of greenhouse gases in consumer countries.
Cite this paper: Xiao, Y. , Hu, L. and Chen, Q. (2015) Quantitative Research on Trade in Value-Added and Emissions Responsibility in Global Value Chain. Technology and Investment, 6, 120-126. doi: 10.4236/ti.2015.62013.

[1]   Weber, C.L. and Peters, G.P. (2009) Climate Change Policy and International Trade: Policy Considerations in the US. Energy Policy, 37, 432-440.

[2]   Baiocchi, G. and Minx, J.C. (2010) Understanding Changes in the UK’s CO2 Emissions: A Global Perspective. Environmental Science & Technology, 44, 1177-1184.

[3]   Dietzenbacher, E., Pei, J. and Yang, C. (2012) Trade Production Fragmentation, and China’s Carbon Dioxide Emissions. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 64, 88-101.

[4]   Liu, X.B, Ishikawa, M., Wang, C., Dong, Y.L. and Liu, W.L. (2010) Analyses of CO2 Emissions Embodied in Japan-China Trade. Energy Policy, 38, 1510-1518.

[5]   Du, H.B, Guo, J.H., Mao, G.Z., Smith, A.M., Wang, X.X. and Wang, Y. (2011) CO2 Emissions Embodied in China-US Trade: Input-Output Analysis Based on the Energy/Dollar Ratio. Energy Policy, 39, 5980-5987.

[6]   Davis, S.J. and Caldeira, K. (2010) Consumption-Based Accounting of CO2 Emissions. PNAS, 107, 5687-5692.

[7]   Wyckoff, A.W. and Roop, J.M. (1994) The Embodiment of Carbon in Imports of Manufactured Products: Implications for International Agreements on Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Energy Policy, 22, 187-194.

[8]   Jiang, X.M. and Wang, S.Y. (2011) A Study on the Relationship between China’s International Trade and the National Responsibility of Carbon Emission. Science and Technology for Development, 1, 55-60.

[9]   Rodrigues, J., Domingos, T., Giljum, S. and Schneider, F. (2006) Designing an Indicator of Environmental Responsibility. Ecological Economics, 59, 256-266.

[10]   Xu, Y.Z. and Guo, J. A Comparative Study of Countries’ Carbon Responsibilities for Carbon.

[11]   Yan, Y.F., Zhao, Z.X. and Wang, R. (2013) China’s Emission Responsibility and Trade-Embodied Emissions: A MRIO Approach. World Economy Study, 6, 54-58, 86, 88-89.

[12]   Project Team of Development Research Center of the State Council of China (2009) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction: A Theoretical Framework and Global Solution. Economic Research Journal, 3, 4-13.

[13]   Pan, J.H. (2009) The Carbon Budget Scheme: An Institutional Framework for a Fair And Sustainable World Climate Regime. Social Sciences in China, 5, 83-98.

[14]   Fan, G., Su, M. and Cao, J. (2010) An Economic Analysis of Consumption and Carbon Emission Responsibility. Economic Research Journal, 1, 4-14.