Design of Reflective, Photonic Shields for Atmospheric Reentry

Nikolay Komarevskiy,
Valery Shklover,
Leonid Braginsky,
Christian Hafner,
Olga Fabrichnaya,
Susan White,
John Lawson

References

[1] V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, G. Witz, M. Mishrikey and C. Hafner, “High-Temperature Photonic Structures. Thermal Barrier Coatings, Infrared Sources and Other Applications,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, Vol. 5, 2008, pp. 862-893.

[2] C. Johnston, B. Hollis and K. Sutton, “Spectrum Modeling for Air Shock-Layer Radiation at Lunar-Return Conditions,” Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, Vol. 45, No. 5, 2008, pp. 865-878. doi:10.2514/1.33004

[3] D. Bose, E. McCorkle, C. Thompson, D. Bogdanoff, D. Prabhu, G. Allen and J. Grinstead, “Analysis and Model Validation of Shock Layer Radiation in Air,” VKI LS Course on Hypersonic Entry and Cruise Vehicles, Palo Alto, 2008.

[4] C. Johnston, “A Comparison of EAST Shock-Tube Radiation Measurements with a New Air Radiation Model,” AIAA Paper 1245, 2008.

[5] J. Grinstead, M. Wilder, J. Olejniczak, D. Bogdanoff, G. Allen, K. Dang and M. Forrest, “Shock-Heated Air Radiation Measurements at Lunar Return Conditions,” AIAA Paper 1244, 2008.

[6] [Online]. Available: http://www.sopra-sa.com/.

[7] S. Venkataraj, R. Drese, C. Liesch, O. Kappertz, R. Jayavel and M. Wuttig, “Temperature Stability of Sputtered Niobium—Oxide Films,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 91, No. 4863, 2002, pp. 61-68.
doi:10.1063/1.1458052

[8] Y. Fink, J. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. Joannopoulos and E. Thomas, “A Dielectric Omnidirectional Reflector,” Science, Vol. 282, No. 5394, 1998, p. 1679-1682.doi:10.1126/science.282.5394.1679

[9] E. Yablonovitch, “Engineered Omnidirectional External-Reflectivity Spectra from One-Dimensional Layered Interference Filters,” Optics Letters, Vol. 23, No. 21, 1998, pp. 1648-1649. doi:10.1364/OL.23.001648

[10] D. Chigrin, A. Lavrinenko, D. Yarotsky and S. Gaponenko, “Observation of Total Omnidirectional Reflection from a One-Dimensional Dielectric Lattice,” Applied Physics A: Materials Science & Processing, Vol. 68, No. 1, 1999, pp. 25-28. doi:10.1007/s003390050849

[11] P. Yeh, “Optical Waves in Layered Media,” John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988.

[12] F. Kartner, N. Matuschek, T. Schibli, U. Keller, H. Haus, C. Heine, R. Morf, V. Scheuer, M. Tilsch and T. Tschudi, “Design and Fabrication of Double-Chirped Mirrors,” Optics Letters, Vol. 22, No. 11, 1997, pp. 831-833.
doi:10.1364/OL.22.000831

[13] T. Yonte, J. Monz′on, A. Felipe and L. S′anchez-Soto, “Optimizing Omnidirectional Reflection by Multilayer Mirrors,” Journal of Optics A: Pure and Applied Optics, Vol. 6, No. 1, 2004, pp. 127-131.
doi:10.1088/1464-4258/6/1/023

[14] M. del Rio and G. Pareschi, “Global Optimization and Reflectivity Data Fitting for X-Ray Multilayer Mirrors by Means of Genetic Algorithms,” Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 4145, No. 88, 2001. doi:10.1117/12.411624

[15] S. Martin, J. Rivory and M. Schoenauer, “Synthesis of Optical Multilayer Systems Using Genetic Algorithms,” Applied Optics, Vol. 34, No. 13, 1995, pp. 2247-2254.
doi:10.1364/AO.34.002247

[16] J. Joannopoulos, S. Johnson, J. Winn and R. Meade, “Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light,” Princeton University, Princeton, 2008).

[17] A. Fallahi, M. Mishrikey, C. Hafner and R. Vahldieck, “Efficient Procedures for the Optimization of Frequency Selective Surfaces,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 56, No. 5, 2008, p. 1340.
doi:10.1109/TAP.2008.922678

[18] C. Hafner, C. Xudong, J. Smajic and R. Vahldieck, “Efficient Procedures for the Optimization of Defects in Photonic Crystal Structures,” Journal of the Optical Society of America A, Vol. 24, No. 4, 2007, pp. 1177-1188.
doi:10.1364/JOSAA.24.001177

[19] A. Kaiser, M. Lobert and R. Telle, “Thermal Stability of Zircon (ZrSiO4),” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, Vol. 28, No. 11, 2008, pp. 2199-2211.
doi:10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2007.12.040

[20] W. Butterman and W. Foster, “Zircon Stability and the Zr02-Si02 Phase Diagram,” American Mineralogist, Vol. 52, 1967, pp. 880-885.

[21] D. Kamaev, S. Archugov and G. Mikhailov, “Study and Thermodynamic Analysis of the Zro 2-Sio 2 System,” Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2005, pp. 200-203. doi:10.1007/s11167-005-0259-2

[22] F. B’ejina and O. Jaoul, “Silicon Diffusion in Silicate Minerals,” Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 153, No. 3-4, 1997, pp. 229-238.
doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00190-8

[23] D. Tsoukalas, C. Tsamis and P. Normand, “Diffusivity measurements of Silicon in Silicon Dioxide Layers Using Isotopically Pure Material,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 89, No. 12, 2001, pp. 7809-7813.
doi:10.1063/1.1371003

[24] D. Cherniak, “Si Diffusion in Zircon,” Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 35, No. 4, 2008, pp. 179-187.
doi:10.1007/s00269-007-0210-6

[25] H. Drings, U. Brossmann, H. Carstanjen, A. Szokefalvi-Nagy, C. Noll and H. Schaefer, “Enhanced 95Zr Diffusion in Grain Boundaries of Nano-Crystalline ZrO2 9.5 mol% Y2O3,” Physica Status Solidi (A), Vol. 206, No. 1, 2008, pp. 54-58. doi:10.1002/pssa.200824077

[26] L. Braginsky and V. Shklover, “Light Propagation in an Imperfect Photonic Crystal,” Physical Review B, Vol. 73, no. 8, 2006, Article ID: 85107.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.73.085107

[27] E. Baskin and L. Braginsky, “Short-Wavelength Phonon Emission from a Metal-Semiconductor Interface,” Physical Review B, Vol. 50, No. 16, 1994, pp. 12191-12194.
doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.50.12191

[28] L. Braginsky and V. Shklover, “Influence of Interface Structure on Transversal Electron Transport,” Solid State Communications, Vol. 105, No. 11, 1998, pp. 701-704.
doi:10.1016/S0038-1098(97)10209-5