AJPS  Vol.6 No.8 , May 2015
Use of Polymerase Chain Reaction for Identification of the Pathogen and Management of Potato Soft Rot with Zinc Application
Abstract: Effect of different Zinc doses was investigated against Erwinia carotovora ssp. atroseptica, the potato blackleg/soft rot causing organism, during 2009 and 2010 in Department of Plant Pathology and Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan. Out of 200 tested samples, 21 of them were proved to be Eca. However, these tentative Eca isolates showed some characteristics which were unexpected for Eca. We, therefore, decided to perform Polymerase Chain Reaction using Eca-specific primers, Eca1F and Eca2R for confirm identification. For disease management, at the time of sowing, pots containing 5 kg sterilized soil were applied with Zinc in four different treatments i.e. 8 mg, 10 mg, 12 mg and 14 mg along with one control. Results indicated that 12 mg (4.8 kg Zn ha-1) were better doses in controlling the disease up to 73% and increasing the yield up to 117% as compared to control plants.
Cite this paper: Bibi, A. , Junaid, M. , Ahmad, M. , Ali, A. , Wahid, F. , Naz, R. , Ullah, A. , Mahar, A. and Kalhoro, S. (2015) Use of Polymerase Chain Reaction for Identification of the Pathogen and Management of Potato Soft Rot with Zinc Application. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 1138-1143. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.68118.

[1]   De Boer, S.H. and Ward, L.J. (1995) PCR Detection of Erwinia carotovora Subsp. Atroseptica Associated with Potato Tissue. Phytopathology, 85, 854-858.

[2]   George, H. and Schmitt, M. (1997) Zinc for Crop, WW-00720-GO.

[3]   Haverkort, A.J. (1990) Ecology of Potato Cropping Systems in Relation to Latitude and Altitude. Agriculture Systems, 32, 251-272.

[4]   Lelliott, R.A. and Dickey, R.S. (1984) Genus VII. Erwinia. In: Krieg, N.R. and Holt J.G., Eds., Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 469-476.

[5]   Marschner, H. (1986) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press, New York.

[6]   Pahlsson, A.M.B. (1989) Toxicity of Heavy Metals (Zn, Cu, Cd, Pb) to Vascular Plants. Water Air Soil Pollution, 47, 287-319.

[7]   Bertani, G. (1951) Studies on Lysogenesis. I. The Mode of Phage Liberation by Lysogenic Escherichia coli. Journal of Bacteriology, 62, 293-300.

[8]   Perombelon, M.C.M. and Kelman, A. (1980) Ecology of the Soft rot Erwinias. Annual Review Phytopathology, 18, 361-387.

[9]   Prasad, A.S. (1995) Zinc: An Overview. Nutrition, 11, 93-99.

[10]   Sambrook, J. Fritsch, E.F. and Maniatis, T. (1989) Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. 2nd Edition, N.Y. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring Harbor.

[11]   Sandstead, H.H. (1994) Understanding Zinc: Recent Observations and Interpretations. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 124, 322-327.

[12]   Solomons, N.W. (1998) Mild Human Zinc Deficiency Produces an Imbalance between Cell-Mediated and Humoral Immunity. Nutrition Reviews, 56, 27.

[13]   Turkensteen, L.J. (1986) Survey on Bacterial and Fungal Diseases of Potato in the Hilly Area of Pakistan. Pakistan-Swiss Potato Development Project Booklet, 1-41, Publisher-PARC.

[14]   Wright, P.J., Triggs, C.M. and Burg, G.K. (2005) Control of Bacterial Soft Rot of Calla (Zantedeschia spp.) by Pathogen Exclusion, Elimination and Removal. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 33, 117-123.