OJOG  Vol.1 No.2 , June 2011
Dietary patterns and risk of cervical cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay
ABSTRACT
In the time period 1996-2004, a case-control study on diet and cervical cancer was conducted at the National Cancer Institute in Uruguay. The study included 268 cases and 536 controls with non-neoplastic diseases. The foods and beverages in the food-frequency questionnaire were included in a factor analytic model. This method retained three factors which were labeled as the drinker, red meat, and prudent patterns. The model explained 60% of the variance. Whereas the red meat and drinker patterns were directly associated with the risk of cervical cancer (OR for red meat pattern 1.79, 95% CI 1.12-2.86), on the other hand, the prudent pattern was inversely associated with cervical cancer (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.38-0.93). To our knowledge, this study was the first one using factor analysis in order to elucidate the role of the diet in relation with cervical cancer.

Cite this paper
nullStefani, E. , Acosta, G. , Deneo-Pellegrini, H. , Ronco, A. , Mendilaharsu, M. , Landó, G. , Luaces, M. and Silva, C. (2011) Dietary patterns and risk of cervical cancer: a case-control study in Uruguay. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1, 25-30. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2011.12006.
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