FNS  Vol.6 No.7 , May 2015
Effect of Blending Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) Powder with Wheat Flour on the Nutritional Value and Quality of Cake
Abstract: Pastry is an essential part of food stuff people like, especially preferring those made of wheat flour: cakes, biscuits, pancakes, etc. The nutritive value of the products mentioned above is not high. Therefore, there is a need to increase it by adding something like doum fruit (Hyphaene thebaica L.), which is a widespread in Upper Egypt. Doum fruit is a rich source of fibers and antioxidants, also other valuable substances such as carbohydrates and minerals especially potassium (K for people suffering from blood pressure problems). This investigation was carried out to study the possibility of utilization doum fruit powder in cake production. Five levels of wheat flour substitution were used 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% to produce cake. Also, the effects of blends on farinograph parameters were studied. Results indicated that substitution of doum powder (D.P) led to increase the water absorption (%) and dough weakening (B.U), whereas dough stability (min) was decreased. The water holding capacity of blends increased with increasing the level of substitution. The chemical, physical and sensory characteristics of the prepared cakes were studied. Results showed that increasing the levels of substitution increased the total fat, crude fiber and ash contents in produced cake compared with control. Minerals of the produced cake showed an increment in K and Mg, while slightly increment in Ca, Fe and Zn with increasing the level of substitution. Total phenol and antioxidant activity (AO) increased in substituted cake. Physical attributes of the produced cakes were evaluated and results showed that volume of substituted cakes decreased with increasing the level of replacement except for 10% level it increased. Results of textural analysis showed that D.P fiber decreased all the parameters. Concerning cake color, as the percentage of D.P increased, the color of the cake became darker and had high a and b values. The sensory evaluation results showed an insignificantly decrease in the acceptability by increasing the doum powder substitution comparing with control.
Cite this paper: Seleem, H. (2015) Effect of Blending Doum (Hyphaene thebaica) Powder with Wheat Flour on the Nutritional Value and Quality of Cake. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 622-632. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.67066.

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