JMP  Vol.2 No.6 , June 2011
Electrostatic Force of Repulsion Assists p-p Nuclear Fusion
ABSTRACT
Trapping of hydrogen ions released during sodium metal dissolution in a dilute aqueous Epsom solution in cavitation induced nanocrystals could bring about an easy path to controlled nuclear fusion. This type of fusion envisioning has the advantage of keeping the two protons and the electrons in the same vicinity, bonded in the same unit throughout the fusion process unlike the case in Sun. The electrostatic repulsive force between protons which has been a stumbling block so far in achieving a controlled fusion is now turned in its favor by exploiting the fascinating properties of water.

Cite this paper
nullA. Lakshmanan, "Electrostatic Force of Repulsion Assists p-p Nuclear Fusion," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 2 No. 6, 2011, pp. 447-456. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2011.26054.
References
[1]   Inertial confinement fusion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[2]   M. Fleischmann and S. Pons, Electrochemically Induced Nuclear Fusion of Deuterium. J. Electroanal. Chem. 261, 301 (1989) and errata in Vol. 263, 187 (1989).

[3]   J.R. Huizenga, Cold Fusion, The Scientific Fiasco of the Century (University of Rochester Press, USA, 1992)

[4]   R.P. Taleyarkhan, C.D. West, J.S. Cho, R.T. Lahey, R.J. Nigamutin and R.C. Block, Evidence for Nuclear Emissions During Acoustic Cavitation. Science 295, 1868 (2002).

[5]   R. Geisler, W.D. Schmidt-Ott, T. Kurz and W. Lauterborn, Search for Neutron Emission in Laser-Induced Cavitation. Europhys. Lett. 66, 435, (2004).

[6]   D. Shapira and M. Saltmarsh. Nuclear Fusion in Collapsing Bubbles—Is It There? An Attempt to Repeat the Observation of Nuclear Emissions from Sonoluminescence. Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(10) 104302-1 (2002).

[7]   M.J. Saltmarsh and Dan Shapira, Questions Regarding Nuclear Emissions in Cavitation Experiments. Science 297, 1603a (2002).

[8]   A.R. Lakshmanan, M.V.R. Prasad, D. Ponraju and H. Krishnan. A novel method of non-violent dissolution of sodium metal in a concentrated aqueous solution of Epsom salt Jl. Solid St. Chemistry 177, 3460 (2004)

[9]   A.R. Lakshmanan, S.B. Kim, H.M. Jang, B.G. Kum, B.K. Kang, S. Heo and D. Seo. A Quantum Splitting Phosphor Exploiting the Energy Transfer from Anion Excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4:Tb, Na. Adv. Funct. Mater. 17, 212 (2007)

[10]   A.R. Lakshmanan, Controlled thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen nuclei during sodium metal dissolution in aqueous Epsom solution at a critical salt concentration through cavitation induced metastable nanocrystal nucleation – Can water serve as an infinite source of energy? Infinite Energy, 81,41 (2008).

[11]   A.V. Mahulkar, P.S. Bapat, A.B. Pandit and F.M. Lewis. Steam Bubble Cavitation. AIChE Journal 54(7) 1711 (2008).

[12]   P.R. Gogate, R.K. Tayal and A.B. Pandit, Cavitation: A technology on the horizon. Current Science 91(1), 35 (2006).

[13]   J. B. Bollinger, R. Faure, T. Yvernault and D. Stahl, On the Existence of the Protonated Hydronium Dication H4O2+ in Sulfolane Solution. Chem. Phys. Lett, 140, 579 (1987).

[14]   P. Senthilkumar, M. Siva Kumar and A.B. Pandit. Experimental quanti "cation of chemical e!ects of hydrodynamic cavitation Chem. Eng. Sci. 55, 1633 (2000)

[15]   S.S. Save, A.B. Pandit and J.B. Joshi, Use of hydrodynamic cavitation for large scale cell disruption. Chemical Engineering Research Design, Chem. Eng. Res, Des. C, 75, 41 (1997).

[16]   Proton–proton chain reaction. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[17]   Arunachalam Lakshmanan. Luminescence and Display Phosphors – Phenomena and Applications. Nova Science Pub, Inc., NY, USA, ISBN 978-1-60456-018-3 (2008)

[18]   http://groups.google.com/group/oscillatorsubstance-theory

[19]   A. Rathke. A critical analysis of the hydrino model. New Journal of Physics 7, 127 (2005)

[20]   Andrew Meulenberg (private communication)

[21]   Horace Heffner, Deflation Fusion, Speculations Regarding the Nature of Cold Fusion, October 17, 2007, http://www.mtaonline.net/%7Ehheffner/DeflationFusion2.pdf

[22]   M.R. Swartz, Phusons in Nuclear Reactions in Solids. Fusion Technology 31, 229 (1997).

 
 
Top